81
health advice profile image

health advice

Joined 6 years ago

97

24

0

 

I'm interested in health. Particularly how to obtain and sustain a healthy lifestyle.

 

DISCLAIMER: While based on researched facts these hubs are not written by a working professional in the health care industry. Please consult a doctor if you require advice or seeking medical attention. Do NOT try and diagnose yourself, ESPECIALLY with information you've found online.

 

Show: All
  • All
  • Health (4)
  • All
  • Education and Science (1)
  • Family and Parenting (1)
  • Fashion and Beauty (1)
  • Health (94)
  • Periodontitis
    0

    Periodontitis

    4 years ago

    Is literally the discharge of pus in connection with the alveoli, the hollow sockets in the jawbones in which the roots of the teeth are situated. In a healthy jaw, the gum margins are festooned, the triangular spaces...

  • Boils (Farunculosis)
    0

    Boils (Farunculosis)

    5 years ago

    A boil is a localized inflammation in the skin commencing in a hair root. It is actually caused by a germ called the staphylococcus, but the occurrence of the boil implies a lowered vitality on the part of the skin, for...

  • Cesarean Section
    0

    Cesarean Section

    4 years ago

    A Cesarean Section is the delivery of a baby through an incision in the mother's abdomen. The name is apparently derived from an ancient Roman law, Lex caesarea, requiring dying women to be operated on in the last weeks...

  • Herpes Virus
    0

    Herpes Virus

    4 years ago

    Herpes virus is any of several related viruses that cause diseases in humans and animals, Among these viruses are Herpes zoster, which produces shingles; varicella, which causes chicken pox in children; and herpes...

  • Phrenology
    1

    Phrenology

    4 years ago

    Phrenology is a pseudo-science that relates the mental and temperamental characteristics of an individual to the bumps and hollows of his skull. The idea originated with the work of Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828), a...

  • Lymph
    1

    Lymph

    4 years ago

    Lymph is a clear, colorless fluid that bathes the body cells. Lymph is constantly being formed from the fluid part of the blood. This fluid part passes out through the capillary walls as blood flows through the...

  • Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis
    0

    Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis

    4 years ago

    Pneumonoconiosis is the term given to a group of diseases of the lungs which arise from the inhalation of irritating particles in the dusts associated with occupations such as coal-mining (anthracosis), steel-grinding...

  • Blepharitis
    0

    Blepharitis

    4 years ago

    Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelids and sebaceous glands of the margin of the eyelid. There are two main types: blepharitis squamosa and blepharitis ulcerosa. The squamosa type is characterized by redness (due...

  • Brucellosis
    0

    Brucellosis

    4 years ago

    Brucellosis, also known as undulant fever or Malta fever, is a varied illness consisting of fever, debility, headache, marked and persistent sweating, joint pains, and aching of the limbs and back. If the infected...

  • Beriberi
    3

    Beriberi

    4 years ago

    Beriberi is a disease caused by a deficiency of vitamin B1, or thiamine, in the diet. Although some thiamine may be synthesized by bacteria living in the intestines, they cannot produce it in quantities large enough to...

  • Radiotherapy
    0

    Radiotherapy

    8 days ago

    Radiotherapy, also called radiation therapy, the use of radiation in the treatment of disease, especially cancer. Radiation can be administered by means of X-ray therapy machines, cobalt machines, and betatrons, which...

  • Phenylketonuria
    0

    Phenylketonuria

    6 years ago

    Phenylketonuria is a rare, recessive, hereditary disorder that manifests itself in infancy, and, if untreated, causes lasting brain damage by the age of six months. Its symptoms include severe mental retardation and...

  • Multiple Sclerosis
    0

    Multiple Sclerosis

    4 years ago

    Multiple sclerosis is a chronic degenerative disease of the nervous system, the cause of which is unknown. It usually begins between the ages of 20 and 40. It is more common among whites than among blacks and seems to...

  • Cirrhosis
    0

    Cirrhosis

    4 years ago

    Cirrhosis is a disease of the liver in which bands of fibrous tissue form throughout the liver, causing the organ to become hardened and to have an irregular surface. The growth of these fibrous bands is associated with...

  • Cholecystitis
    0

    Cholecystitis

    4 years ago

    Cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gall bladder, most often associated with the presence of gallstones. Although cholecystitis may occur in either sex and at almost any age, it is most frequently found in women,...

  • Aorta
    1

    Aorta

    4 years ago

    The aorta is the largest artery of the body. The primary function of the aorta is to carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the cells of the body. In shape the artery resembles a walking cane, with the tip of its...

  • Mumps
    0

    Mumps

    4 years ago

    Mumps is a contagious disease marked by painful swelling of the salivary glands. It is caused by a virus that attacks glandular and nervous tissue hi particular. Mumps chiefly affects children from five to ten years of...

  • Cerebral Palsy
    0

    Cerebral Palsy

    4 years ago

    Cerebral Palsy is a disorder in which muscular control and coordination are impaired due to brain damage. In many patients, speech and hearing are also affected, and the patient may also be mentally retarded. Cerebral...

  • Earache
    0

    Earache

    4 years ago

    Most earaches are due to infections in the middle ear, the part of the ear between the eardrum and the inner ear. However, they may also be caused by accumulations of ear wax, a foreign body, or infections in the...

  • Bruise
    0

    Bruise

    4 years ago

    A bruise is a discoloration of the skin caused by a localized injury to the body. A bruise, often known as a black-and-blue mark or a contusion, differs from most other wounds in that there is no breakage of the skin. A...

  • Natural Therapies
    0

    Natural Therapies

    4 years ago

    Natural therapy is a system of treating ill health and disease by using techniques and remedies which stimulate the body's innate ability to heal itself and without the use of pharmaceutical drugs or surgery. Many...

  • Bladder
    3

    Bladder

    4 years ago

    The bladder is hollow muscular sac that serves as a reservoir for urine. Urine is formed continuously in the kidneys and is stored in the bladder until it is eliminated. In the average adult, about 0.9 to 1.4 liters of...

  • Germs
    0

    Germs

    4 years ago

    The human being can be infected with four totally different types of germs — bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and viruses. Viruses are by far the most common, followed by bacteria and fungi. Tonsillitis, pneumonia,...

  • Fainting
    0

    Fainting

    4 years ago

    Fainting, or syncope, is a condition in which a person briefly loses consciousness without having a convulsion or head injury. It is distinguished from coma in that it is brief, usually lasting only a few seconds or...

  • Tonsils
    0

    Tonsils

    4 years ago

    The tonsils are two bean-shaped masses of lymphoid tissue situated between the soft palate and the tongue at the back of the mouth. In children, they are generally more prominent than in adults and are easily visible...

  • Jet Lag
    0

    Jet Lag

    4 years ago

    Because of our geographic location and our relatively high standard of living, Australians spend proportionately more time on long-distance flights than the citizens of almost any other nation. To Americans, a long-haul...

  • Diarrhoea
    0

    Diarrhoea

    4 years ago

    Getting sick on a holiday is always a major disappointment and in a strange environment can be very difficult to cope with. A few simple preparations can reduce the likelihood of disaster. If you are going overseas,...

  • Motion Sickness
    0

    Motion Sickness

    4 years ago

    Nausea and vomiting associated with any form of transport is caused by the same combination of factors. The main problem is that the two senses we use to balance — the eyes and the balance mechanism in the inner...

  • Passive Smoking
    0

    Passive Smoking

    4 years ago

    Almost everyone is forced to inhale fumes containing toxins such as formaldehyde, acetone, arsenic, carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide and nicotine at some time. You have no choice in the matter and have to suffer the...

  • Maxillofacial Surgery
    0

    Maxillofacial Surgery

    4 years ago

    Oral and maxillofacial surgery is the treatment by surgery of diseased tissues of the mouth and jaws (e.g. the removal of benign tumours and cysts in the mouth), the correction of defor­mities and abnormalities, and...

  • Dental Radiography
    0

    Dental Radiography

    4 years ago

    One only has to view a skull to realise how much of the teeth and jaws is hidden from view. What shows inside the mouth is only the tip of the iceberg. The magic of X-rays is able to unlock the hidden area and show...

  • Prosthodontics
    0

    Prosthodontics

    4 years ago

    Prosthodontics is the art of making artificial substitutes for teeth. There are two types: removable prostheses (false teeth), and fixed prostheses which are permanently cemented onto existing teeth or metal implants...

  • Orthodontics
    1

    Orthodontics

    4 years ago

    Orthodontics deals with the correction of teeth that are wrongly positioned. Ideally, teeth and jaws should match each other. As the face grows and the deciduous teeth are lost, the permanent teeth that replace them...

  • Periodontics
    0

    Periodontics

    4 years ago

    Periodontics, as the name implies, deals with those parts of the mouth that lie around the teeth. It is important that the gums and bone are kept healthy to avoid periodontal disease. Dental decay is not the only cause...

  • Parturition
    0

    Parturition

    4 years ago

    Parturition, also known as childbirth, is the act of giving birth to a baby. Parturition usually occurs about 280 days after a baby has been conceived. During the last three months of pregnancy the baby turns inside the...

  • Cleft Lip Surgery
    1

    Cleft Lip Surgery

    4 years ago

    Cleft lip and cleft palate are the commonest congenital deformities with which the plastic surgeon is concerned. It is estimated that such deformities occur once in every 770 live births. While the cause is uncertain,...

  • Cosmetic Plastic Surgery
    0

    Cosmetic Plastic Surgery

    4 years ago

    Plastic surgery is the surgical specialty that deals with the reconstruction and repair of certain congenital deformities, burns, injuries, surgical defects, and wounds resulting from serious accidents or war. The...

  • Cosmetic Hand Surgery
    1

    Cosmetic Hand Surgery

    4 years ago

    In the mid-20th century, probably no field of reconstructive surgery has attracted more attention and produced more ingenious methods and promising results than the surgery of the hand, which commands the interest of a...

  • Cosmetic Facial Surgery
    0

    Cosmetic Facial Surgery

    4 years ago

    Facial injuries and wounds of the face cause lacerations and fractures with or without loss of soft tissue and bone and with or without displacements resulting in malocclusion of the teeth. In few other injuries is the...

  • Nose Plastic Surgery
    0

    Nose Plastic Surgery

    4 years ago

    The nose, the most prominent feature of the face, is subject to developmental and acquired deformities. Most of the surgery of the external nose is done for cosmetic reasons because the individual is unhappy and...

  • 9 Contraceptive Methods
    0

    9 Contraceptive Methods

    4 years ago

    Since, in human beings, sex is a pleasurable activity which is frequently engaged in for its own sake and not solely for the purposes of reproduction, a couple who want to have sex and who do not want a child will need...

  • Nosebleed
    0

    Nosebleed

    4 years ago

    A nosebleed, also called epistaxis, is bleeding from the nose. Nosebleeds occur commonly and may result from a variety of causes. Most often they occur because of the rupture of small veins in the septum, the partition...

  • Seven Pregnancy Problems
    0

    Seven Pregnancy Problems

    4 years ago

    A pregnant woman's pelvis has to expand at the time of birth to allow the baby through. To facilitate this expansion, the ligaments that normally hold the joints of the pelvis (and other parts of the body) together...

  • Breastfeeding Problems
    0

    Breastfeeding Problems

    4 years ago

    A small hard lump in the breast may be a blocked milk duct. If it remains after you massage it and bathe it in warm water, see your doctor, as it may also be an abscess, a breast infection, or in very rare cases a...

  • Bottle Feeding Your Newborn
    0

    Bottle Feeding Your Newborn

    4 years ago

    This admonition features prominently on cans of infant formula and on advertising for breast milk substitutes in many third-world countries, and there is little doubt that it is true. Because of poverty, poor hygiene...

  • Exercise Tips
    0

    Exercise Tips

    4 years ago

    Physical exercise strengthens the body by improving its structure and function. Lack of exercise lessens the capacity to move and to resist stress. Exercise is "physical" only in the sense that...

  • Writers Cramp
    0

    Writers Cramp

    4 years ago

    Writers' Cramp is a spastic condition of the writing muscles of the hand, first described by Sir Charles Bell in 1830. The ailment has also been known as scriveners' palsy. The disorder is associated with fatigue and...

  • Pap Smear
    1

    Pap Smear

    4 years ago

    The Pap Smear Test is a test for the diagnosis of cancer. It is most commonly used to detect cancer of the cervix and uterus, though it may be used to discover cancer of some other organs. The test, properly known as...

  • Ovarian Cyst
    0

    Ovarian Cyst

    4 years ago

    A cyst is a fluid-filled sac. Every time a woman produces an egg from the ovary, it is surrounded by a tiny sac of fluid. This is a normal cyst, and rarely causes problems, but some women experience a slight stab of...

  • Ovarian Cancer
    1

    Ovarian Cancer

    4 years ago

    There are several different types of cancer of the ovary, and as the ovary is the source of eggs for fertilisation and growth into new humans, the cells in the ovary, when cancerous, may develop into many different...

  • Middle Ear Infection
    0

    Middle Ear Infection

    4 years ago

    The ear is divided into three main parts, outer, middle and inner. The outer ear is the canal from the outside to the eardrum. Wax can accumulate here, and the infections collectively known as otitis externa, swimmer's...

  • Hodgkin's Disease
    0

    Hodgkin's Disease

    4 years ago

    Hodgkin's Disease is a malignant tumor of the lymph nodes. It was named after the British physician Thomas Hodgkin, who first described the disease in 1832. Hodgkin's disease is found throughout the world and may...

  • Heart Attack
    0

    Heart Attack

    4 years ago

    A Heart Attack is the popular term for an acute failure of the pumping action of the heart, accompanied by lung congestion and the accumulation of fluid in the dependent parts of the body. The symptoms of a heart attack...

  • Heart Surgery
    0

    Heart Surgery

    4 years ago

    For centuries, the heart, like the brain, was considered to be territory forbidden to surgeons, and it was not until after World War II that cardiovascular surgery emerged as a valuable method of treating heart disease....

  • Hallucination
    0

    Hallucination

    4 years ago

    The report of a sensory experience in the absence of an actual external stimulus appropriate to the reported experience is called a hallucination. A mental patient, for example, may report that he hears voices, but no...

  • Elephantiasis
    0

    Elephantiasis

    4 years ago

    Elephantiasis is a condition in which a part of the body becomes grossly enlarged due to a thickening of the skin and the underlying tissues. It results from a long-term interference with the flow of lymphatic fluid...

  • Combat Neurosis
    1

    Combat Neurosis

    4 years ago

    Combat neurosisis a special type of traumatic or transient neurosis. It has been called by several names, including combat fatigue, operational fatigue, and shell shock. It is delineated more by the special...

  • Protein
    0

    Protein

    4 years ago

    Protein's main functions are to promote growth and to build and repair body tissue. Children need protein for growth in particular, and so do pregnant women with a "growing" baby. Adults need protein for...

  • Multivitamins
    0

    Multivitamins

    4 years ago

    Without the activating presence of vitamins and minerals, the protein, fats and carbohydrates will not function either. By the same token, vitamins and minerals are each individually powerless or ineffective without...

  • Endodontics
    0

    Endodontics

    4 years ago

    Endodontics is the treatment of the inside of a tooth. It is more commonly called root filling. Teeth with root fillings are dead. In the middle of each tooth, underneath the enamel, dentine and cementum, lies the pulp...

  • Pediatric Dentistry
    0

    Pediatric Dentistry

    4 years ago

    Pedodontics, or pediatric dentistry, is the provision of dentistry for children. Children have special dental needs as they produce two sets of teeth and hence have more teeth to care for than adults. Teeth start...

  • Nevus
    0

    Nevus

    4 years ago

    A nevus is a a birthmark or mole. In broad usage, a nevus (or naevus) is any nonmalignant mark, spot, or growth in the skin believed to be of essentially congenital or developmental origin. In more restricted usage, a...

  • Breasts
    0

    Breasts

    4 years ago

    Breasts are a pair of glandular organs of the human female that secrete milk for nourishing a newborn infant. The breast consists of 15 to 25 irregularly shaped lobes. Between the lobes are connective tissue and large...

  • Wound
    0

    Wound

    4 years ago

    A wound is a traumatic disruption of the continuity of any body tissue. The term usually suggests accidental injury, but surgeons inflict intentional wounds in practically all operations.

  • Boil
    0

    Boil

    4 years ago

    A boil is a localized bacterial infection of a hair follicle. Nearly all boils are caused by Staphy-lococcus aureus, a bacterium that produces a number of locally harmful toxins. During the stage of infectious...

  • Hay Fever
    0

    Hay Fever

    4 years ago

    Hay fever is an allergic reaction to the pollen of certain plants, especially grasses, trees, and weeds. Hay fever affects 5% to 10% of the population of the United States and occurs somewhat less commonly in other...

  • Anaphylaxis
    0

    Anaphylaxis

    4 years ago

    Anaphylaxis is an acute allergic reaction that occurs after a person has been injected with, or has eaten or inhaled, a substance to which he has previously been sensitized. This reaction, known also as anaphylactic...

  • Chiropractor
    0

    Chiropractor

    4 years ago

    The term "chiropractic" is derived from two Greek words- cheir, ' meaning "hand," and praktikos, meaning "effective". Practitioners of this form of drugless therapy hold that the nervous...

  • The Hangover
    0

    The Hangover

    4 years ago

    A hangover is the term commonly used for a group of unpleasant symptoms often experienced after an episode of excessive and usually intoxicating use of alcoholic beverages. The name is derived from the fact that these...

  • Fracture
    0

    Fracture

    4 years ago

    A fracture is a break in a bone, sometimes accompanied by extensive swelling of the surrounding soft tissues, bleeding into muscles and joints, rupture of the tendons, contusion or severing of nerves, and damage to...

  • Concussion
    0

    Concussion

    4 years ago

    Concussion is a temporary disorder in brain function caused by a sudden forceful blow to the head. Its essential feature is a loss of consciousness lasting a few seconds or minutes with no residual neurological damage....

  • Healthy Cooking
    0

    Healthy Cooking

    4 years ago

    It is a difficult task these days to find food on a supermarket shelf which has not been processed or refined in some way which would deplete its vitamin content or, in some cases, almost destroy it. In all fairness to...

  • Vitamin Deficiency
    4

    Vitamin Deficiency

    4 years ago

    The body needs only tiny amounts of vitamins to maintain sufficient levels. The healthier a person is, the less is needed. But are we getting enough from processed foods? Even raw fruit and vegetables these days have...

  • Vitamin A
    0

    Vitamin A

    4 years ago

    Vitamin A is one of the four fat soluble vitamins. It was first isolated in 1913 by American researchers. It is found in foods in two different forms: natural vitamin A, known as retinol (from animal foods) ...

  • Hysterectomy
    0

    Hysterectomy

    4 years ago

    A hysterectomy is an operation in which the uterus is removed, through either the abdomen or the vagina. A hysterectomy may be performed for various reasons, but often it is used to treat profuse uterine bleeding caused...

  • Pathology
    0

    Pathology

    4 years ago

    Pathology is the study and analysis of diseased body organs and cells. Pathologists (doctors who specialize in pathology) normally work in laboratories, and if a pathology test is ordered, you are unlikely to meet the...

  • What is a Diagnosis?
    0

    What is a Diagnosis?

    4 years ago

    When you go to a doctor with a complaint, the first thing the doctor must do is find out what symptoms you have and what they mean, i.e. make a diagnosis. To do this the doctor will ask you a number of questions and may...

  • Acne
    0

    Acne

    4 years ago

    Acne is a disorder of the sebaceous (oil-secreting) glands of the face, chest, and back that usually occurs at the onset of adolescence. The disorder is manifested by the appearance of blackheads, papules, and cysts. ...

  • Human Head Lice
    0

    Human Head Lice

    4 years ago

    A common human pest is the head and body louse (Pediculus humanus), a sucking louse that lays its eggs in clothing seams or among the hairs of its host. The head and body louse causes severe itching and often spreads...

  • Dermatitis
    0

    Dermatitis

    4 years ago

    Dermatitis is a term often used to denote an inflammation of the skin. In its acute stage, dermatitis is characterized by redness, itching, and either blister formation or oozing. In its chronic form, dermatitis is...

  • Soap
    0

    Soap

    4 years ago

    It would be hard for us to imagine life without soap. Staying clean is such an important need, that most of us would think soap was one of man's first discoveries. Yet soap was absolutely unknown until the beginning of...

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage
    0

    Cerebral Hemorrhage

    4 years ago

    Cerebral hemorrhage results when a blood vessel in the brain bursts, bleeding into and destroying the surrounding brain cells. The clinical picture produced is called a stroke or apoplexy; it varies widely, depending...

  • Polio
    0

    Polio

    4 years ago

    Polio, also known as infantile paralysis, or by it's full name poliomyelitis, a highly contagious disease that is caused by a virus. Contrary to widespread belief, poliomyelitis is not always a serious disease. The...

  • Seasickness
    0

    Seasickness

    4 years ago

    Seasickness is a form of motion sickness that some persons experience on shipboard. It results from random and multidirectional movement of the ship.

  • Alcoholism
    0

    Alcoholism

    4 years ago

    The dependence of an individual upon alcohol, typified by his inability to control the amount that he drinks, is known as alcoholism. The continual drinking of most alcoholics results in damage to their health as well...

  • Aggression
    1

    Aggression

    4 years ago

    Aggression are feelings and actions that express anger, hatred, murderousness, with an intention to destroy whatever or whoever these feelings, actions or thoughts are focused on. Ordinarily one might say that a person...

  • Cysts
    0

    Cysts

    4 years ago

    In medicine, the term cyst is applied to a tumour containing fluids. An example of a common cyst is a sebaceous cyst, caused by a blockage in the duct of a sebaceous gland, which discharges a greasy material into the...

  • Multiple Personality Disorder
    0

    Multiple Personality Disorder

    4 years ago

    The movie, The Three Faces of Eve, has made this rare disorder better known, but the average medical practitioner will never see a case in his or her career. Patients with this condition have two or more (sometimes more...

  • Vegetarian Diet
    0

    Vegetarian Diet

    4 years ago

    Did you know that there are far more vegetarians in the world than meat eaters, simply because vegetables, grains and the like are easier to keep without refrigeration and are usually more readily available....

  • Embolism
    0

    Embolism

    8 days ago

    An embolism is an abnormal mass in the bloodstream that is swept along until it obstructs a blood vessel. The most common type of embolism is a blood clot, or thrombus. Other types include air bubbles, clumps of...

  • Prostate Gland Disease
    0

    Prostate Gland Disease

    4 years ago

    The prostate gland is a mystery to most people, and doctors have not understood its function until quite recently. It is situated in the body behind the base of the penis. The bladder is above and behind the gland, and...

  • Hyperactivity
    0

    Hyperactivity

    4 years ago

    Many children are overactive, particularly boys between the ages of two and five, but very few are truly hyperactive. Hyperactive children are totally uncontrollable and destructive and do not appear to respond to...

  • Common Cold
    0

    Common Cold

    4 years ago

    Sebastian Smit The common cold is any of a group of highly communicable diseases of the upper respiratory passages characterized by excessive secretions from the nasal membranes. Colds are the most common of all human...

  • Spinal Disc Herniation
    1

    Spinal Disc Herniation

    4 years ago

    A slipped disc, in popular usage, is a piece of disc tissue that slips out of place in the spine, causing pressure on a spinal nerve with resulting pain. The term, however, does not correctly reflect the disorder. The...

  • Ringworm
    0

    Ringworm

    4 years ago

    Ringworm is an infection of the skin, hair, or nails that is caused by various kinds of fungi. Ringworm tends to infect moist areas of the body, such as the groin and the regions between the toes and under the arms. The...

  • Dental Hygiene
    0

    Dental Hygiene

    4 years ago

    Dental hygiene refers to the care of the teeth and other mouth tissues to keep them healthy and free of disease. These other mouth tissues are the gingivae, or gums, and the periodontium, the tissue that immediately...

  • Joints
    1

    Joints

    4 years ago

    The joint, in anatomy, an articulation or connection between bones. Many of the immovable joints are so close in their union that the two bones practically become one, as in the dovetailed sutures of the skull. In the...

    working