Cultures and the differences in morals and ethics between them. Why there is no universal morality and why everyone disagrees yet everyone is still right.
Kuhn's image of science and how revolutionary science is the cause of paradigm shifts in science in order to solve anomalies.
Between 1867 and 1914 the first notable steps towards democracy were taken in Britain. These steps seemed to have the definitive destination of making the vote available to everybody in the future and giving the public...
Between 1906 and 1914 the Liberal reforms tried to deal with the problem of poverty. In doing this the government focused on giving aid to the old, young, sick and unemployed. These reforms are often regarded as the...
Idleness, want, disease, ignorance, and squalor: Labour reforms for Beveridge's five giants of poverty
A discussion of the 5 giants of poverty which Beveridge discovered leading to reforms in Britain to overcome them. Most notably tackling these 5 giants led to the NHS.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries British attitudes towards poverty changed dramatically. Up until this point poverty was viewed as though it were the poor persons fault and a problem which should not affect the...
Meta-Ethics. Utilitarianism and Katianism on 'The Life of David Gayle' - for or against the death penalty
In the film ‘The life of David Gayle’ Gayle is accused of killing and raping his best friend. Gayle has overwhelming evidence stacked against him and is consequently executed. He hires an investigator to find out...
Rene Descartes lived in France in the 1600’s during a time of great change, when many intellectuals were debating over scientific and philosophical theory. New discoveries in science resulted in scientists disagreeing...
The cosmological argument was inspired by how intricate the universe is which raises the question “what was the cause?”. Thomas Aquinas developed on the original argument claiming that God must be the cause. Aquinas...
Classical and Operant conditioning in behaviourism and the pros and cons in brief.
The Matrix film and its basis in Descartes philosophies.
Is vegetarianism the best course of action? Reasons for and against.
Colonial rule relied on many methods to socially subdue those ‘others’ they wished to colonise. Of these sexuality and gender roles played a primary role often because women were the first people colonisers had...
There are many possible and widely accepted understandings of the allegory of the cave. This allegory is found in Plato’s Republic which acts to set out and describe an ideal and just world. It is within the core...
Summary of 'A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson' - the role of women in her removes
How does Mary Rowlandson’s work portray women at the time and what was her purpose?
Both Frege and Russell agree that it is the role of the speakers’ beliefs which determine the semantics of names. However, they do not agree on most other points. Each attempt to offer theories of semantics and...
Durkheim argued that religion is a social phenomenon, while for Geertz religion is a cultural system.
Traditionally knowledge, at least propositional knowledge, has been defined by philosophers as justified true beliefs. In order for beliefs to be regarded knowledge somebody had to believe it, there had to be...
A review of Evens-Pritchards book and how it portrayed and understood a crucial part of Azande culture in a time when cultural differences were easily dismissed.
Plato's student Aristotle differed from him in many opposing ways.