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Several Thinkers

Joined 6 years ago from Within Your Mind

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Philosophy is a search for answers to wide-ranging questions about the nature of the universe, the nature of man, the purpose of life, the character of the good life, and the design of the good society. The word "philosophy" comes from two Greek roots, philos, literally meaning "love," and sophia, which can be translated as either "knowledge" or "wisdom". Aristotle said that philosophy begins in wonder: in a desire to understand the reasons for striking or perplexing phenomena. Philosophy has traditionally meant the pursuit of comprehensive understanding and insight.

Thinkers generally hailed as outstanding philosophers, such as Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Rene Descartes, St. Thomas Aquinas, Georg W. F. Hegel, and Alfred North Whitehead, have asked typical questions: Is the universe ultimately composed of matter, of some spiritual substance, or of something else? Can the existence of God be proved by argument? Has the universe any supreme purpose? Does it make sense to speak of purpose in such a way? What is the goal of a human life? Is man merely one animal among many, or is he uniquely distinguished by having a soul? Could a person continue to exist after the destruction of his body? Is man free to make ethical decisions? What are the basic moral duties, and how are they to be discovered? Is the good man necessarily happy, or must virtue be its own reward? What conditions must a just society satisfy? What are meant by justice, equality, and freedom?

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  • Education and Science (4)
  • Philosopher Diogenes
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    Philosopher Diogenes

    6 years ago

    A Greek philosopher, Diogenes the Cynic was born at Sinope on the Black Sea in what is now Turkey and was exiled with his father, a magistrate accused of 'defacing the currency'. After wandering about Greece, he finally...

  • Philosopher Aristotle
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    Philosopher Aristotle

    6 years ago

    Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist who lived four hundred years before the birth of Christ. Aristotle was one of the most important men of ancient Greece and one of the greatest philosophers who ever lived....

  • Philosopher Epicurus
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    Philosopher Epicurus

    6 years ago

    Epicurus was an ancient Greek philosopher and founder of the Epicurean school, he was born in around 341 B.C. on the island of Samos where his parents were Athenian colonists, where he spent the first 18 years of his...

  • Philosopher Democritus
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    Philosopher Democritus

    6 years ago

    Democritus was a Greek philosopher, and disciple of Leucippus, whose theory he developed. His purpose was to reconcile the monism of Parmenides and Zeno with the pluralism of Empedocles and Anaxagoras. The resulting...

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