Ticks Ticks Ticks

Source

Size and Types of Ticks

Source

Types Of Ticks

  • Deer Tick or Black legged tick (Ixodes Scapularis),
  • American Dog tick (Dermacentor varialbilis)
  • Wood Tick (Dermacentor andersoni)
  • Western Black Legged Tick (Ixodes pacificus)
  • Lone Star Tick (Ameblyommam americanum)

There are approximately 43 species around the world which may cause Human Disease


Ticks on the rise this year from Previous years

Tick populations are increasing. With the increase of Deer Populations and Global Warning, The Tick population is increasing every year. The threat of Lyme Disease in humans and your Pets has Increased every year. When I was Growing up in the Late 60's and Early 70's No one in the North ever worried about Ticks. Now I see them all the time.


  • In Ohio and several other states the Tick population is on the rise see this:http://www.cleveland.com/healthfit/index.ssf/2015/03/blacklegged_ticks_lyme_disease_risk_feared_on_the_rise_in_ohio_this_year.html
  • Ticks on the rise in the South http://www.itv.com/news/meridian/update/2015-04-23/number-of-ticks-on-the-rise-in-south/



Sweetie
Sweetie | Source
Buster
Buster | Source

How Ticks Spread Disease

When a Tick Bites you they transmit a pathogen by feeding on you. Ticks Require to feed in three of there life cycles. It takes from 10 minutes to 2 hours to find the right spot to feed. It then grabs onto the skin and inserts a feeding tube. Ticks secrete a Glue like substance that attaches itself to the source. The feeding tube can have barbs that like a fish hook help to stay attached. They also secrete a saliva that actually has a numbing affect so you can't feel it. If it Attaches at a spot that is hard to see then it can be hard to find. I have found that on my dogs they seem to like the back of the Ears and under their collar or somewhere around the face. But they could be anywhere even between their toes.

2013 CDC Final Reported Cases of Lyme Disease

State Ranked
CDC Reported Number (10x reported # est. to be acual#)
PA
5,758 (10x=57,580)
MA
5290 (10x=52,900)
NY
4,615 (10x= 46,150)
NJ
3,766 (10x= 37,660)
CT
2,925 (10x= 29,250)
MN
2,340 (10x= 23,400)
WI
1,872 (10x= 18,720)
NH
1,687 (10x= 16,870)
ME
1,373 (10x= 13,730)
VA
1,307 (10x= 13,070)
MD
1,197 (10x= 11,970)
VT
893 (10x= 8,930)
RI
724 (10x= 7,240)
DE
509 (10x= 5.090)
IL
337 (10x= 3,370)
US Total
36,307 (10x= 363,070)
2013 Final Center of Disease Control (CDC) Reported Case Numbers Source Center of Disease Control

Some Disease Caused by Ticks Source Center For Disease Control

Tickborne Diseases of the U.S.

In the United States, some ticks carry pathogens that can cause human disease, including:

  • Anaplasmosis is transmitted to humans by tick bites primarily from the blacklegged tick (Ixodes scapularis) in the northeastern and upper midwestern U.S. and the western blacklegged tick (Ixodes pacificus) along the Pacific coast.
  • Babesiosis is caused by microscopic parasites that infect red blood cells. Most human cases of babesiosis in the U.S. are caused by Babesia microti. Babesia microti is transmitted by the blacklegged tick (Ixodes scapularis) and is found primarily in the northeast and upper midwest.
  • Borrelia miyamotoi infection has recently been described as a cause of illness in the U.S. It is transmitted by the blacklegged tick (Ixodes scapularis) and has a range similar to that of Lyme disease.
  • Colorado tick fever [PDF - 21 pages] is caused by a virus transmitted by the Rocky Mountain wood tick (Dermacentor andersoni). It occurs in the the Rocky Mountain states at elevations of 4,000 to 10,500 feet.
  • Ehrlichiosis is transmitted to humans by the lone star tick (Ambylomma americanum), found primarily in the southcentral and eastern U.S.
  • Heartland virus infection has been identified in eight patients in Missouri and Tennessee as of March 2014. Studies suggest that Lone Star ticks may transmit the virus. It is unknown if the virus may be found in other areas of the U.S.
  • Lyme disease is transmitted by the blacklegged tick (Ixodes scapularis) in the northeastern U.S. and upper midwestern U.S. and the western blacklegged tick (Ixodes pacificus) along the Pacific coast.
  • Powassan disease is transmitted by the blacklegged tick (Ixodes scapularis) and the groundhog tick (Ixodes cookei). Cases have been reported primarily from northeastern states and the Great Lakes region.
  • Rickettsia parkeri rickettsiosis is transmitted to humans by the Gulf Coast tick (Amblyomma maculatum).
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is transmitted by the American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis), Rocky Mountain wood tick (Dermacentor andersoni), and the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sangunineus) in the U.S. The brown dog tick and other tick species are associated with RMSF in Central and South America.
  • STARI (Southern tick-associated rash illness) is transmitted via bites from the lone star tick (Ambylomma americanum), found in the southeastern and eastern U.S.
  • Tickborne relapsing fever (TBRF) is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected soft ticks. TBRF has been reported in 15 states: Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming and is associated with sleeping in rustic cabins and vacation homes.
  • Tularemia is transmitted to humans by the dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis), the wood tick (Dermacentor andersoni), and the lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum). Tularemia occurs throughout the U.S.
  • 364D rickettsiosis (Rickettsia phillipi, proposed) is transmitted to humans by the Pacific Coast tick (Dermacentor occidentalis ticks). This is a new disease that has been found in California.
  • http://www.cdc.gov/ticks/diseases/

More information about Lyme

Prevention

Wear long sleeved Shirts and Long Pants with socks when in wooded and field areas so they can’t get to your skin.

Use Insect Repellent that is recommend for ticks.

Remove pants and shirts before entering the house.

Make sure your pets have Tick collars on and they are not expired.

Keep your Cat away from Dog Tick Collars it can cause Serious Problems to your Cat.

Wash your pets with flea and tick soap as often as recommended.

Check your animals daily to make sure they do not have any ticks.

Ticks like to attach around your pets ears and face or under collars.

If you find a Tick on your pet remove them as soon as possible the longer they are attached the better chances they have to spread disease.

The sooner that Ticks are removed from an animal or yourself the better. The longer a Tick is attached the better chance that you or your pet can get a disease from them.

Caution Dog tick collars should not be used on CATS. In fact they may be and are hazardous to Cats.

Hunters

Do not walk on Deer trails. Ticks fall of off Deer and wait on leaves to be picked up from the next warm body that might come by.

Do Not Sit on the Ground or Rocks where deer may walk or lay down. Again they are waiting for another warm body to attach themselves to. They require blood to reproduce.

When Handling a Deer that you have Harvested beware of catching ticks that might be on the Deer. They are looking for a warm place to feed from.

Some additional Facts about Ticks

  • They do not jump. They sit on plants and wait for some animal or person to brush by.
  • They are very hard shelled and cannot be smashed like a mosquito or fly. I have had to put them between two finger nails to kill them.
  • They do not fly
  • They are even active in cold weather. Just because it is winter does not mean that they will not get on you or your pet. I have had my dogs out in the cold Below 32 F and still come in with Ticks.
  • Most Ticks die because of a lack of host. A female Tick can lay up to 2,000 eggs






Always When removing a Tick Pull It Straight Up.
Always When removing a Tick Pull It Straight Up. | Source
Always when Removing a Tick Gently pull it Straight up.
Always when Removing a Tick Gently pull it Straight up. | Source

How to Remove a Tick

So you found a Tick on your Pet. How do you remove it? The easiest way that I found to remove a Tick from and animal is with this neat little device. All you do is slide it under the tick and gently pull up. Always either squish the tick so it is dead or save it in a small bottle of Alcohol for further analysis later if needed. The other method that work is using a pair of tweezers grab the Tick from the base where it is attached to the skin and gently pull straight up. Check for any parts that might have been missed. Also after removing the Tick wipe the area with alcohol and use a disinfectant.

What is your Favorite Animal

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Every time I see a Tick I think of this song

I am Not a Medical Doctor or in the Medical Profession.

© 2014 Bill

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7 comments

handymanbill profile image

handymanbill 12 months ago from western pennsylvania Author

Thanks Rabadi for the comments. This has got to be the worst year for ticks that I have seen.


Rabadi profile image

Rabadi 13 months ago from New York

Tics the perfect subject to talk about with Halloween around the corner, great hubs! Following you


ladyguitarpicker profile image

ladyguitarpicker 20 months ago from 3460NW 50 St Bell, Fl32619

Handyman, thanks for such a useful hub it really has great information. My dogs went camping last week and the little one got a tick behind her ear, they have been a big problem. Stella


handymanbill profile image

handymanbill 22 months ago from western pennsylvania Author

Thanks Samantha for your comments. Most people do not know also that Ticks are a problem all year long. You should always protect your pets with a good Tick Collar year long.


Samantha 22 months ago

First, you need to identify the tick. If it prevos to be a deer tick (aka: black-legged tick) officially referred to as Ixodes scapularis', you can proceed with pursuing testing for Lyme, though any imbedded tick of this type found on you in an area where Lyme is a problem, should be considered a high-risk bite that most likely needs immediate antibiotic therapy (Don't Wait for the test results, Olga! See your doc NOW!)As far as getting that Tick tested, either look up or call your local county's Dept. of Health Human Services. Also, a call to the nearest University's Co-op Extension Service is often fruitfull.There is usually at least One lab in each state in the Northeast U.S. that will test the tick [for the presence of the Borrelia Burgdorferi bacteria] but they usually charge somewhere around $45 to $75/ tick often only accept the ticks via express shipment at the beginning of the week. You can usually order up a kit in advance to ship the sick tick to em.Don't expect the results right away it takes a few days to over a week. That's it!


handymanbill profile image

handymanbill 2 years ago from western pennsylvania Author

Tthanks billybuc I never saw them till about 2 years ago. Now I see them all the time.


billybuc profile image

billybuc 2 years ago from Olympia, WA

I've never been bitten by one...I honestly don't remember a pet I've owned with them....just one lucky sonofagun. :) Good information my friend.

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