Biosecurity in Pets keeping
the most effective method of preventing infectious diseases is to eradicate or exclude the pathogens causing the diseases, most times this is highly impossible or not practicable,it now become proper to control infectious agent by minimizing the Risk factors , by Risk factors, I mean circumstances around your pets(dog,cat) that favours spread of diseases.this is of utmost important since these animals are closer to us physically as companion animals ,emotionally through the psychological stress we go through when they are ill and most importantly some of the diseases that affect these animals affect man also. That is zoonoses diseases(diseases that man get from animals as a result of their close association with them).
Biosecurity is anything we do to prevent the spread of pathogens(harmful microbes) and other harmful agents or materials from an infected animals( pets ) to a susceptible non infected healthy pets(animals).
The aim of biosecurity is to prevent transmission of diseases among animal. Whatever I do to keep my pet saved from coming down with diseases that are endemic in the environment is what we are talking about in biosecurity .These involve a lot of interrelated processes since these diseases sometime involve interactions of microbes, have complex origin, some there are no know therapy for them .You just management them syptomatically(most viral diseases),
Advantages of good biosecurity programme
Improve animal health and welfare
Reduce veterinary cost
Reduce emotional stress due to pet illness
Componet of good pet biosecurity programme
Balance and healthy nutrition
Routine veterinary check up
Routine vaccination or immunization
Get your pet from good pedigress with good record of health.
Strict pest control programme.
Control wildlife vector.
Biosecurity in pet keeping
Diseases that may affect your pet when you don't keep a good biosecurity programme,
the list are almost endless as your pets are susceptible to all classes of diseases for example
Bacterial diseases these includes ,anthrax, botulism salmonellosis,staphylococcal infections.e.t.c
Viral diseases;Rabies,Canine distemper,Feline panleukopaenia virus e.t.c
Protozoan diseases;Babesiosis ,trypanosomiasis e.t.c
Fungi disesase; dermatophytosis,Candidiasis, e.t.c
Helminthiasis;Nematodes infections,cestodes infections,
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