DIY Chicken Coop: It's Not as Hard as You Might Think

If you are planning on getting chickens, or like me, have already purchased some cute little chicks that are currently sitting in a large container in your garage (gulp), you are going to need an outdoor home for those chickees before you know it.

You might choose to buy a premade new or used chicken coop, and can do so for $300 and up, but the cheaper ones are pretty small, so you wouldn't be able to have more than 4 chickens--and that would be tight! You could spend more for a larger one, but that kind of defeats the purpose of raising chickens for cheap organic, super healthy eggs.

Building your own chicken coop may give you more bang for your buck, and it's not as difficult as you might think.


Which Type of Coop is Right for You?

Type of Chicken Coop
Pros
Cons
Pre-made, Store Bought
Easy--can be purchased and set up in a day and you don't have to be super handy to set it up; Attractive looking--great for neighborhoods; Compact--good for small, urban yards; Laying boxes--most come with laying boxes, making collecting the eggs every day much easier
Expensive--expect to pay $300 plus; Small--don't plan on adding more chickens down the road; Limited options
Converted Shed
Easier than-DIY--You don't have to be super handy to convert; Converts to a large Walk-in Coop--easier cleaning; Large size--plenty of room for chickens, allowing for more chickens in the future; Can be set up in a day or two; Very inexpensive to convert existing unused shed
Expesive if you must buy the shed; Very few options for converting; Too large--may be a lot of extra space to clean; Does require some construction ability-- you must cut out the chicken door, and add ventilation
Buy Used Coop
Cheaper than purchasing a new coop; more flexibility in terms of size and function
You must have a way to get a fully constructed coop home; still may be a large cost; You must be careful that there is nothing wrong with the coop
DIY Coop
Possibly that cheapest option, especially if you have some of the lumber already; allows the most flexibilty in terms of size and function; a fun backyard procect for handy families
Can get expensive quickly, requires some knowledge of construction; takes the most time to construct--think a week or two;
I made sketches to follow while constructing our coop
I made sketches to follow while constructing our coop

Designing the Coop

Before you start constructing, you need to get a design mapped out. You could look for free designs online. Backyard Chickens has a huge section of free user submitted coops and designs. Some have more information on exactly how to build the coop than others, and none that I saw had details like a cut list or parts list. You would need to create a design based off their pictures.

You could also purchase a design via a book or online site. Purchased plans should detail everything you need to know to build the coop.

We researched different coop ideas and than sketched out what we wanted the coop to look like. We used construction phase photos of other coops to see where our braces should be and how to secure our frame.


Construction Phase

Click thumbnail to view full-size
To save time, I started priming and painting the frame of the coop while my husband and father constructed the actual hen house. View from the door side of the coop/run.  We had a wood screen door that we are repurposing as a door for the chicken run. We used 16 inch spacing for the coop frame and braced the corners alternating top and bottom to stabilize the unit.  You can see the narrow door here on the left side. Eventually we will cut out a window to the left of the door.The windows will be fitted with plexi-glass instead of plywood to let light in even when the windows are shut.
To save time, I started priming and painting the frame of the coop while my husband and father constructed the actual hen house.
To save time, I started priming and painting the frame of the coop while my husband and father constructed the actual hen house.
View from the door side of the coop/run.  We had a wood screen door that we are repurposing as a door for the chicken run.
View from the door side of the coop/run. We had a wood screen door that we are repurposing as a door for the chicken run.
We used 16 inch spacing for the coop frame and braced the corners alternating top and bottom to stabilize the unit.
We used 16 inch spacing for the coop frame and braced the corners alternating top and bottom to stabilize the unit.
You can see the narrow door here on the left side. Eventually we will cut out a window to the left of the door.
You can see the narrow door here on the left side. Eventually we will cut out a window to the left of the door.
The windows will be fitted with plexi-glass instead of plywood to let light in even when the windows are shut.
The windows will be fitted with plexi-glass instead of plywood to let light in even when the windows are shut.

Materials Needed

The exact materials you will need to make your coop will obviously depend on your specs, but I can tell you what we used to give you an idea on what this endeavor will take.

We used:

  • 4- 2X4X10s
  • about 32 2X4X8s
  • 6 sheets of plywood
  • 6- 1X2s (Trim)
  • 2- 1X4s (Trim)
  • 1 large box of construction nails
  • 1 small box roofing nails
  • 1 gallon of outdoor primer
  • 1 gallon each of main color and trim color paint
  • 2 rolls of tight chicken wire
  • 1 pack of shingles
  • 2 facet covers (leftover from our house)
  • Pre-cut Plexi-glass sheets for cheap windows

Our chicken yard consists of a 4X5 foot coop and a 4X10 foot run. We built the 4X10 foot frame first, and then built the actual coop on top of 2 foot legs so that the chickens could run around underneath the coop. The whole unit is about 6' tall on the coop side and just under 8' high on the door side.

In order to save time and lumber--we tore down an old shed and used the lumber for this project to save money--my husband worked the door and windows around the basic framework of the coop. The door is narrow, but for the few times a year we have to clean out the coop, it works fine.

On the left-hand side, the roof extends over the laying boxes--which we have yet to build--to provide extra protection from the elements.

We added corner braces to provide stability and attached stakes made out of 2X4s to secure the unit to the ground.

The coop is livable but unfinished.  The laying boxes, two more windows and trim around the windows, doors and the bottom and corners of the coop will finish the project.
The coop is livable but unfinished. The laying boxes, two more windows and trim around the windows, doors and the bottom and corners of the coop will finish the project.

Crunched for Time?

Perhaps you got the chickens before you had a house for them to live in, or maybe the project is taking longer than you thought it would. Whatever the reason, you may find yourself needing to put your feathered friends in the coop pronto. Luckily, the coop doesn't have to be completely finished before housing your new flock. The following tips will help you get your flock in their new home right away, giving you more time to complete the coop.

Construct the basic frame of the coop and put up the walls, cutting out holes for the vents and doors only. If you are planning on working the windows around the basic framework, these can be added later, as you have time. Same goes for the laying boxes if the hens aren't yet of laying age.

If wild predators are not a likely threat, surround the run with chicken wire only on the lower 2/3s. This will keep the chickens in and your pets out until you can get to the rest of the run.

Obviously, you will want to save any trim work for last since this can be done with the chickens inside.

Finally, start small, with manageable sections. Get the coop livable. The chicks can live in the coop for a week or so until you get their run built. Once the chickens can be in the run, lock them out of the coop for a day while you add in a few windows. Build the frame for the laying box and cut the plywood walls to size; then, lock the chickens out again and add on the laying boxes.

We built our coop over a 4X10 foots run to start with. Once that is completed, we will add another 4X10 foot run to the right, creating a closeable doorway into the second run allowing us to lock the chickens out of the coop area or run as needed for maintenance, cleaning or introducing new chickens to the flock.


Cheap Plexi-Glass Window Panels

Keep the coop well-lit even in the winter using removable plexi-glass panels. You can buy them pre-cut from many hardware stores and size your windows openings accordingly. A simple notched window frame holds the plexi-glass in place while allowing it to slide open and shut.

Save Money on Materials

By reusing items we already had, the entire project (not including the second run) cost us about $200. We tore down an old unused shed and repurposed almost all of the lumber and the vents. We found pieces of facet siding and an old screen door that we were able to reuse as well. Using plexi-glass sheets, we were able to create opening windows for about $15 each. Finally, the vinyl flooring we used was leftover peel and stick tile from our mud room.

"That's great for you," you say, "but I don't have an old shed to tear down." Time to think outside the box. Do you know anyone who does? What if you offered to tear down someone's old shed and you would keep the lumber. You could put an ad in the paper or on craigslist that you are looking for lumber. Perhaps someone else is tearing something down or bought too much material and would be willing to give it to you for free (or at least fairly cheap).

Instead of vents, cut out long sections at the top the walls and cover with chicken wire. Instead of glass windows, cut out windows and cover with chicken wire, attach plexi-glass or ply-wood sheets for window panes.

If you are raising chickens in the suburbs hardware wire is probably overkill. Use tight chicken wire around the bottom third and the run and cheaper chicken wire around the upper 2/3s.

Have a fenced in back yard and no pets? Consider free ranging your birds, eliminating the need for a run altogether.



One final note. It can be very tempting to rush the job and cut corners and costs to get the coop done quickly and as cheaply as possible, but an hour or penny saved today could mean days and dollars spent tomorrow. Take your time to get it right now. Spend a little more money than you were planning and you will have a coop that you and your chickens can enjoy for years to come.

© 2014 Sarah

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3 comments

Ann1Az2 profile image

Ann1Az2 2 years ago from Orange, Texas

Wow, makes me want to buy chickens and get started! I don't think the manager of our trailer park would be too happy, though. lol

Well done and the pictures are great. It sounds like a well-planned out project.


Arthur Keyword profile image

Arthur Keyword 2 years ago from Kenya

i have to admit that you are very knowledgeable about this subject. I have never know that every type of chicken coop has its own pros and cons. Big thanks for bringing this up


modern housewife profile image

modern housewife 2 years ago from Indiana Author

Thank you!

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