Canadian Eskimo Dog: One of Rarest Dogs

Canadian Eskimo Pup

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Introduction

 

The Canadian Eskimo Dog Breed is an Arctic dog breed. Also called the Canadian Inuit dog , Inuit is another term for Eskimo. It is considered the oldest and rarest purebred indigenous canine. It is an ancient breed that has had many name changes and is known as the”Exquimax Husky ,” or”Qimmiq,” the name it is known by the Inuit of Arctic Canada refer to it as. There is now a politically correct name—“Canadian Inuit Dog .” For 4000 years the Canadian Eskimo dog and the Eskimo people or Thule culture of the Inuit have a shared history.

They are now one of the rarest  breeds.

Puppies

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Appearance and Characteristics

 

The Canadian Eskimo dog breed is powerful, weighing between 45 and 88 pounds and is 20 to 28”. It is a spitz breed, as are many sled dogs such as the Siberian Husky. The spitz breeds have erect and wedge-shaped ears, a bushy tail.

Some feel that the dog resembles a wolf except for the tail, which is shorter and more curved. Its coat is thick and dense with thicker hair around the neck, which makes it seem bulkier and larger than it is. The Canadian Inuit dog has a range of colors from solid white with markings around the eyes, nose and lips; red and white, black and white, sable body with white on the chest, or silver gray body.

The Canadian Eskimo dog howls rather than barks. Which is characteristic of a number of sled dogs. I found this out when we first got a Siberian Husky mixed dog. We were in a small town and a noon siren went off. The dog, which was right behind me in the car, started to howl like she was keeping harmony with the siren. She practically never barked.

”The Canadian Eskimo Dog should always be powerfully built, athletic, and imposing in appearance,” according to Wikipedia. It goes on to say that the dog gives the impression of being built for hard work, not speed.

The male should look more masculine than the female who are fine boned, smaller and may have a shorter coat.

a Canadian Eskimo Dog
a Canadian Eskimo Dog | Source

Temperament


They are good companions for adults but not recommended for children. They are loyal, brave, tough, intelligent and alert.

The Inuit dogs are loyal, tough, brave, intelligent and alert. They are also affectionate and gentle developing a deep bond with owners and are intensely loyal.

The Canadian Inuit dog, like some other sled dogs, often had to forage for their own food, which gives them a stronger, drive fro prey than many breeds.

Esquimaux Dog

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Training and care


 

Canadian Eskimo dogs need a lot of exercise more than just walking but higher intensity work, which is more than a lot of dog owners, can give. Because of the need for work and stimulation they are well suited for dog sports which might include carting, mushing.  They are trainable and submissive and intelligent. They can be subject to heatstroke so are better off in a cold climate.

 

The need to be brushed once or twice a week for most of the year but when shedding, which they do once a year, daily grooming is needed.

 

Other uses


The Inuit used frozen dog urine as a medicine and the fur was that of wolves due to its resistance to wear. The dogs were a source of food during famines.

© 2011 Don A. Hoglund

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Comments 26 comments

Just Ask Susan profile image

Just Ask Susan 5 years ago from Ontario, Canada

These are beautiful dogs! Enjoyed your hub on Eskimo Dogs.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

I'm glad you enjoyed it. thanks for being the first to comment.


Eiddwen profile image

Eiddwen 5 years ago from Wales

Hi dahoglund,

What beautiful dogs and they walk around proudly with their head held high.

Another brilliant read and I am bookmarking this one and the previous one that you wrote. I can never have too much reading material on dogs and it doesn't matter how much we've read there is always so much more to learn.

Thanks for sharing this one again.

Take care

Eiddwen.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

I appreciate your interest. thanks fro commenting.


winterwind profile image

winterwind 5 years ago

As a breeder of Canadian Eskimo Dogs, I Enjoyed your hub they are a very loyal breed not for every one, they can make family pet they do need a lot of work they because they are stubborn, that what makes them a good sled dog, thanks again for a good read


Robwrite profile image

Robwrite 5 years ago from Bay Ridge Brooklyn NY

I love those dogs from the frozen north. They're beautiful and energetic and generally very friendly.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

winterwind

Thanks for commenting. I have my second Siberian Husky mix so I am getting used to the ways of some sled dog breeds.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

Robwrite

From my experience so far they do have characteristic that differ from some other breeds. Thanks for commenting.


2patricias profile image

2patricias 5 years ago from Sussex by the Sea

Someone who lives near me has one of these dogs. I sometimes see him walking it past my house. I often wonder if the dog is happy here in England, where we seldom have snow. Now that I've read this, I wonder if the dog gets enough exercise, living in a town.

Interesting hub - I voted it up.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

I have something of the same problem of getting our Siberian Husky enough exercise. Often dog can get exercise by playing games like fetch.Thanks for commenting.


toknowinfo profile image

toknowinfo 5 years ago

Thanks for this great hub about the Canadian Inuit Dog, although Canadian Eskimo sounds much better to me. I learned a lot from this hub. I didn't know they howl and don't bark. I have 3 dogs who bark. I am not sure which would be better. I love animals and appreciate learning about this breed from you.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

As I had a Siberian Husky that also howled It took me by surprise the first time but it's harmless enough. Thankds for your comment.


randslam 5 years ago

I was working northeast of Duluth one winter. Spring hadn't sprung yet. The camp that had hired us to build a garage/shed housed about fifty of these animals.

Every day, at sunset, the entire kennel would start to howl. We would race to get our tools together and get the hell out of there. These people had little electricity running to their rugged pioneer home--and we used power tools, so when the siren sounded we wanted to get back to civilization.

It was very eerie to hear that many dogs howling. I'm not afraid of dogs, but the lonesome howl of that many dogs freaked my partner and me out.

Do your dogs howl at sunset?

As I mentioned, it was one of the strangest experiences of my life. To hear this baying,lonely scream at something as simple as the sun setting, but perhaps, it was just being so close to something so close to the natural world that set this city boy a'hoppin' in his truck.

Great hub, beautiful dog, but damn, that howlin'

Thanks, daho.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

The dog we had that I said howled is no longer with us. We had to put her down last year because she was old and no longer able to walk. She didn't howl very often, only when something like a siren triggered it.She probably thought it was another dog. Thanks for commenting and sharing your experience.


wannabwestern profile image

wannabwestern 5 years ago from The Land of Tractors

Hello! These are a beautiful breed of dog, with such beautiful markings. I know this has already been said, but it is good to have specifics about raising these animals, because they seem extremely specialized for hard work. Great writing Dahoglund!


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

Thanks for visiting and commenting. I have always been attracted to the working breeds of dogs.


Jane Bovary profile image

Jane Bovary 5 years ago from The Fatal Shore

I really love these dogs..and they always make me think back to Jack London's story - "Call of the wild". I would have liked to own one but somehow warm suburban Australia doesn't seem like the right place for them.

Cheers


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

Jack Londons dogs were always smarter than the people, it seemed. Thanks for commenting.


Princessa profile image

Princessa 5 years ago from France

I am not a dog person, but I must admit that I am head over heels about this one. It is so beautiful and I like the wild side that it has managed to keep.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

The sled dog breeds are impressive. I am glad that they impressed you since you are not ordinarily a dog person.Thanks for visiting and commenting.


Denise Handlon profile image

Denise Handlon 5 years ago from North Carolina

Beautiful dogs. My neighbor had several he would raise for sled pulling.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

Thanks for commenting. I never knew there were so many breeds similar to "huskies" which my wife has fallen in love with. Thanks for commenting.


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 5 years ago from Houston, Texas

What a beautiful dog! Different breed...but if we would leave the house without our Irish Setter, he would howl. Such a mournful sound! A little mixed breed would join him in howling so there was his deeper voice and her higher one. We often wondered just how long they kept this symphony going. Ha!


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

With the mixed breed German Shepherd/husky we used to have ghere was not a lot of howling but it sure took me by surprise when she was behind me in the back seat of the car and she decided to join a town noon siren.

Thanks for commenting.


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 5 years ago from Houston, Texas

I'll bet it did! Good thing you kept control of the car. Haha!


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

fortunately the car was not in motion at the time.Thanks for the comment.

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