Dog Breeds: The Akita

An American Akita.
An American Akita.


The Akita is Japan’s national dog and is protected by law as a National Monument. The breed was developed in the Akita prefecture, on the island of Honshu, and according to DNA evidence, it’s one of the oldest breeds. In fact, the Akita is very primitive and is closely linked to the wolf. It’s actually part of the Spitz family. In Japan, the dogs were used for fighting, as sled dogs, and for hunting large prey like bears and wild boars. For years, only members of the ruling class were allowed to own Akitas.


World War II nearly made the dog extinct. With the shortage of food in Japan, many dogs died. Also, Akitas were killed for their fur, which was used to line army uniforms. Ironically, the war also created a future for the breed. Many American soldiers fell in love with the dog and returned back to the states with Akita puppies. The first Akita in the U.S. was brought here by Helen Keller in 1937.


The Akita is the smallest of the giant breeds of dogs, typically standing 24-28 inches tall and weighing between 75 and 110 pounds. The males are usually larger than the females. They have a large triangular head, small eyes, and prick ears. They have powerful, muscular bodies and a tail that curls over the back. The plush double coat sheds twice a year. In the U.S., Akitas can be any color.


The American Kennel Club and the Canadian Kennel Club consider the Japanese and the American Akita as the same breed, while other kennel clubs list them as two distinct breeds. Japanese Akitas are a little smaller than their American cousins, and fewer colors are allowed in Japan.


In temperament, the Akita is naturally dominant. In fact, one expert told me that every Akita born thinks it is the alpha dog. These aren’t dogs for first-time owners. Akitas need owners who can establish pack leadership early. The dogs also need a lot of socialization at an early age. Most are naturally animal aggressive and consider just about everything as prey, unless they are taught differently while they’re puppies. Because of the Akita's protective nature, they make excellent guard dogs.


These dogs are extremely intelligent, and it’s said that they know the pecking order of their human family. Akitas are protective of their territory and of their human pack, which sometimes creates problems. They’re usually suspicious of strangers and are sometimes aggressive. Insurance companies consider them high risk dogs because of bites and attacks. An Akita should never be left unattended with small children. For one thing, since they’re so protective of “their children,” they might not understand typical playing and rough housing among kids and think that their child is in danger. For another, a large energetic Akita could easily injure a small child accidentally.


I’m not trying to paint a bad picture of the Akita. I’ve owned two, and they were wonderful dogs. Mine never showed aggression toward people, but they did toward small animals. They absolutely hated cats! Ours lived in our large fenced-in yard, and they felt that anything that came into their enclosure was fair game, including birds, snakes, lizards, armadillos, and the dreaded felines.

My Akitas were otherwise very well behaved, calm, playful, and extremely loving and affectionate. They understood, however, that they were my dogs – not my husband’s. They were affectionate toward him, but they usually ignored his commands.


Akitas are fiercely loyal. One named Hachiko is legendary. In the 1920s, Hachi was owned by a college professor. The dog accompanied his owner to the train station every morning and returned ever afternoon to wait for his master’s return. This continued for 18 months. In 1924, the professor died at work, and Hachi waited at the terminal for days. The professor’s family found Hachi and brought him home, but for 10 years, Hachi continued making the trip to the station in hopes of finding his master. In 1935, Hachiko died – at the train station, still awaiting his beloved master. The Japanese erected a bronze statue of Hachiko at the same train station. In 2009, a movie was released about Hachiko: Hachiko: A Dog’s Story.


In Japan today, the Akita is a symbol of good health and well being. Small statues of the breed are often sent to celebrate special occasions like the birth of a child.


If you’re thinking of getting an Akita, be sure first that you have the experience necessary to handle such a strong-willed dog. Half of all Akitas in the U.S. end up in shelters or rescues. Most reputable breeders recommend never having two Akitas of the same sex, especially from the same litter. In such a case, the dogs might “hunt” in tandem and “gang up” on other animals. MAKE SURE to give your Akita puppy lots of socialization with all kinds of people, animals, and situations.


Akitas, like most large breeds, are prone to joint dysplasia. They also sometimes suffer from skin ailments, hypothyroidism, and bloat. A healthy Akita can live for up to twelve years.




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Comments 32 comments

sheila b. profile image

sheila b. 6 years ago

A good follow-up to the movie review. And I like your honesty about the breed. Good dog for the right person. That's true of most pure-breds, I think. It's best to find the one to suit your life style and temperment.

theherbivorehippi profile image

theherbivorehippi 6 years ago from Holly, MI

They are beautiful dogs and it is important to paint a brutally honest picture to people considering them so they don't get overwhelmed and the dogs end up abandoned. I agree, they are not for the first time dog owner. They'll walk all over you if you don't know what you're doing. Oh...and let's talk about the prey two Malamutes are killing squirrels left and right. I'm quite honestly getting tired of the violent murders happening in the backyard. haha. Malachi devours his prey and Shiloh will drag them around all day like a stuffed animal or bring them to me and set them at the door. Ughhhh! Awesome hub!!

habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia Author

That's exactly right, Sheila!

habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia Author

Our cats snag a squirrel once in a while, and I hate it!

Hello, hello, profile image

Hello, hello, 6 years ago from London, UK

Thank you for an interesting hub where I learned a lot. In Germany many people owned a Spitz.

Uninvited Writer profile image

Uninvited Writer 6 years ago from Kitchener, Ontario

Beautiful dogs, very nice hub.

Superman05 profile image

Superman05 6 years ago from Philadelphia

I really enjoyed reading this hub. I haven't read any information about the Akita to-date, so this was helpful. Thanks for the hub!

habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia Author

Howdy, HH! Always good to see you, pal!

habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia Author

Thanks, UW! Nice to see you here!

habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia Author

Thanks for visiting, Superman!

ethel smith profile image

ethel smith 6 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull

They look gorgeous but would not be a dog for me. People should think very carefully before buying any dog. Good Hub Habee

habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia Author

So true, Eth. Too many people buy a dog just based on its appearance. They never research the breed's characteristics.

JenDobson27 profile image

JenDobson27 6 years ago

I wish I could get an inside dog, but I'm allergic :(

habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia Author

Jen, try one that doesn't shed - like a soft coated wheaten terrier!

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon

Yes, brutally honest is right! Like mals and like sibes - you gotta know what you are doing? On second thought, why do I of all people have these dogs? Great info!

Angela Blair profile image

Angela Blair 6 years ago from Central Texas

Love the Akita history -- wasn't aware of background although I knew they were Japanese. The Akitas I've known were, as you say, very protective of their families and often specific members. The lack of barking always interested me, too. Good Hub. Best, Sis

Veronica Allen profile image

Veronica Allen 6 years ago from Georgia

Such a beautiful breed. I love your candor regarding the nature of the Akita, all the while letting your love for this particular breed shine through.

habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia Author

Okay, Audrey - you're scaring me now! lol!

habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia Author

Thanks, Sis. I always appreciate your comments!

habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia Author

Aw, thanks, Veronica. You always say the nicest things!

prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US

even though they are the smallest among the giant breed dogs -- they still look big, they are going to crush me, LOL< Maita

martycraigs profile image

martycraigs 6 years ago

I'm thinking that a new puppy could be in the picture for the near future, so I've been researching breeds lately. Thanks for helping and writing about the Akita.

habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia Author

Maita, compared to my Danes, akitas are smallish!

habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia Author

Marty, PLEASE read my hubs about Great Danes!! I have owned, bred, and trained many breeds, and the Dane is my all time fave!

jesusmyjoy profile image

jesusmyjoy 6 years ago from Bucyrus Ohio

Beautiful dog wonderful

habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia Author

Thank you, JMJ!

Suhail and my dog profile image

Suhail and my dog 5 years ago from Mississauga, ON

Nice intro on a dog I have rarely seen kept by a family. They are mostly owned by adventurous people and are probably good for them. They are certainly not for me even though I love dogs and backpack with them a lot. I hope that the breed retains its root and that AKC does not experiment it on making those docile breeds like Irish wolfhound.

Cesar 5 years ago

On the picture is not original Akita(Japanese Akita Inu). This is american Akita... too bad they had to mix them with other breeds to create something big, fearfull... Original are better 100%.

Shah.nawaz 5 years ago

Breeds: The Akita good ye

djordje 4 years ago

you are fantastic dogs.

Do you sell puppies?

newenglandsun 3 years ago

"In 1924, the professor died at work,"

This is so tragic. I just had a college professor of mine die recently this month. We got an e-mail telling us "Your instructor ... has passed away suddenly". At the beginning of the semester too. It's an online class so I actually never saw the professor face-to-face.

akita lover 2 years ago

We had a akita for 13years (yoshi)before she past from bloat 4yrs ago.Best dog ever, wonderful with my kids or any other kids. Loving, protective. We have our second akita (Kaya) 4yrs sweetest dog ever..couldn't ask for a better dog..loves kids as well...i agree with everyone they hate cats, squirrels, and any rodent or animals..the hunt is always on...lololo we love our akita!!!

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