Excess Weights and Synovial Joints in Senior Dogs
Excess weight - excess weight on the geriatric dog can be extremely dangerous to the animal's health and well-being, just like humans. Their metabolism slow as the dog ages, they don't run around as much, they feel tired more often and would rather take naps than chase a ball. Just like humans, pets can suffer from arthritis or joint problems. Make sure they get enough exercise daily such as a walk or play time to help alleviate the extra weight put on their joints.
Exercise is important; however so it is diet. Don't drastically change your dog's diet without first consulting a veterinarian. You can slowly introduce a weight-loss food that will help your dog lose weight along with the exercise.
Synovial joints - the pain and stiffness most often associated with this joint disease - beginning of hip dysplasia and other joint diseases - is located in the synovial joints. Joints or articulations are physical structures uniting two or more bones. It is the articulation of the synovial joints that make it possible for us to bend our knees, move our fingers and our head and elbows; this is called the "true" joints. The progression of disease in these joints depends on whether the joints are freely moving or not.
Fibrous joints - there are three different types of fibrous joints and unlike the synovial joints are characteristic of having no joint capsule and little if any possible movement. The three characteristics are Sutures, Syndesmosis joints and Gomphoses joints. The most common joint disease found in dogs is degenerative osteoarthritis which is well represented by hip dysplasia. There are several other joint diseases including Congenital - which includes all birth defects of the joints; Developmental - occurring sometime after birth but before the bones mature; Infectious inflammatory - this type of joint disease is caused by an infectious blood-borne bacterial infection. Neoplastlc - although tumors of the joints are rare cancerous risks to the joints are possible. Metabolic - are the many genetic diseases of the joints. And finally, Osteoarthrosis - although they appear similar there are three different types of Osteoarthrosis, primary, secondary and the one that is most prevalent in older dogs is senescent arthrosis.