How to Deliver a Litter of Puppies
Before your dog goes into labor you need to gather all of the appropriate supplies.
You may need to use the following:
- Scissors that have been sterilized with rubbing alcohol
- Latex gloves
- Clean towel
- Heat Pad
- Oral Calcium Supplement or Tums
- Whelping Box
Ginger helping Deliver Puppies
Helping a Dog in Active Labor
If your dog is in labor and you think she is about to begin delivering her puppies be sure that you have her in a quiet, dry area away from other animals or people she is not comfortable with. Let her lay on a clean dry towel. Have all your supplies right next to where you will be. Put your gloves on and get ready to deliver the puppies!
Once she starts pushing you will need to look to see if any puppies are coming out. At this point you can give her some Oral-Cal or Tums. Depending on the size of your dog give about one or two clicks of the Oral Cal for a small dog and more would need to be given for a larger dog. If you are giving Tums just give them one crushed up.
If she has been pushing for over an hour and she shows signs of distress like heavy panting, exhaustion or whining you may have to take her in for an emergency C-Section. She may have a puppy stuck in the birth canal. Or in some cases two puppies may try to come out at the same time and that requires immediate attention from your vet also.
After an hour and she does not act distressed you might be able to wait up to two hours before taking her in. First consult your vet to make sure that waiting until the second hour would be okay.
Once you see the puppy coming out you may want to help her get the puppy out. You have to be very careful not to squeeze the puppy while it is coming out. In some cases the puppy may come out feet first. Once the puppy is out you may need to tear the sack that the puppy is in if the mother does not do that herself.
Most the time the mother will chew the umbilical off of the puppy. This can cause a hernia on the puppy if she is too rough on them. That is why it is preferable for you to cut the umbilical with your sanitized scissors. Cut the umbilical cord about 1/2 inch from the puppy. You may need to pinch the umbilical after you cut it for 30 seconds to stop the bleeding. If you can't stop the bleeding don't panic because the bleeding will stop on its own.
Use the syringe to get all of the fluids out of the puppy's mouth and nose.
Let the mother lick the puppy as much as she wants to because this will stimulate the puppy's breathing and heart rate. Keep the puppy away from any drafts that could cause them to become cold. A cold puppy could fade. encourage the puppy to nurse but do not worry if the puppy does not nurse right away. Nursing puppies encourage contractions in the mother. The puppies should all be nursing within an hour of all puppies being born.
Between birth of the Puppies, offer the mother water and Nutri-Cal. Nutri-Cal helps give the mother energy.
Once all of the puppies have been born take the towel she used to deliver the puppies on and replace it with a fresh, dry clean towel. Be sure that the puppies can't wander off away from there mother. A whelping Box works great for preventing them from going to far.
Taking Care of the Puppies after They are Born
Once the puppies have been born the mother will nurse them and lick them to make them go potty.
Continue to monitor the puppies for the first couple weeks to make sure they are all nursing like they should. If you see a puppy repeatedly laying to the side not nursing you will need to take it to the vet to make sure everything is okay.
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