Providing a good shelter to animals
village cattle shed
Domestic animals need protection against weather as well as predators. So, it is necessary to provide the domestic animals with proper houses or shelter which can protect them from heat, cold, rain, predators, and disease causing organisms.
Providing suitable shelter to domestic animals is an important part of animal husbandry. Animal shelter should be spacious enough to provide sufficient space for each animal so that they can live in comfort. Overcrowding of animals should be avoided.
The animal shelter should be clean, airy, well lighted and well ventilated, so that they are safeguarded from various diseases which spread due to dirty conditions. The animal shelters should be sufficiently covered so as to provide protection to the animals from severe summer, winter and rains. The animal shelter should also be able to provide protection to the animals (like poultry birds) from predators (like dogs and cats). Drinking water should also be available in the animal shelter and there should be arrangement for proper removal of animal wastes like dung and drainage of animal urine. In a good animal shelter, having all these amenities, animals lead a comfortable life and the yield of their products like milk, eggs and meat increases. This is because under these conditions, the energy of animals is not wasted in overcoming discomfort, rather it is utilized completely in forming the food products.
Cattle like cow, buffalo, and bullocks are kept in properly covered cattle sheds, sheep and goats are kept in an open yard fenced with dried, thorny hedges, and partially covered with thatched roof. Poultry birds are kept in wire cages or in the poultry houses. The poultry birds (like chicken, hen) should not be kept in the open because they can be attacked and killed by predators such as cats and dogs.
From the above discussion we conclude that domestic animals should not kept in the open or poor shelters where they are subjected to severe heat of summer, severe cold of winter as well as rain water and danger from predators. Keeping in open increases the discomfort of domestic animals. When domestic animals are housed in proper shelters having all the basic amenities, discomfort of the animals is reduced and this greatly all the basic amenities, discomfort of the animals is reduced and this greatly increases the yield of food from animals. Before we end this discussion, it will be good to list the characteristics of a good animal shelter once again.
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