Canine Oral Health and Diseases That Could Hurt Your Dog
The oral health of your dog is more important than you may know. About eight percent of dogs over three years old suffer from periodontal disease. Their gums and bones that support their teeth are deteriorating. This is serious business. But good dental health can afford your dog two to five more years of life. This disease can cause other very serious diseases. This is because the bacteria from this oral disease can get into your pet's blood stream, when that happens it can cause infection or damage to your dog's kidneys, liver, heart or lungs.
Many dog owners don't inspect their dog's mouth, teeth and gums. Then when they take them to the vet for another reason they find out that their pet has loose teeth, sore and infected gums and rotting tooth sockets. That's when the owner may reply that they noticed that their pet has bad breath. The bad condition of the animal's mouth and gums creates toxins. Bad breath is a sign of these oral health problems.
The moisture and warmth of your dog's mouth along with nutrients make a great breeding ground for the bacteria. The bacteria starts out as normal and natural, but after plaque and is present the bacteria grows at an alarming rate and it's out of control and has become dangerous to your pet's health. That's because the normal microbial flora is out of balance and pathogenic organisms have the chance to proliferate. The flora needs to be in balance to ensure good oral health.
Oral Diseases Which Could Infect Your Senior Dog
What are some of the diseases that can afflict your pet's mouth? First, there is periodontitis, which is the term for the overall diseased condition of your dog's mouth. It affects the gum, bone and delicate tissue. Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. Pyorrhea is an inflammation of the gums and tooth sockets. It can cause the teeth to loosen and pus to form. There can also be a decalcification of the tooth enamel called caries. It cause cavities, but this condition is rare for dogs.
Plaque can cause caries and calculi buildup and periodontal disease. Plaque is caused by material adhering to the enamel of teeth. The makeup of plaque is bacteria, salivary polymers, particles of epithelial cells and white blood cells. Tartar or calculus is deposits of calcium carbonate, and calcium phosphate that combines with food on the surface of the teeth.
One suggestion for keeping your dog's mouth healthy is feeding him with a well-balanced meat based diet. That keeps the environment of the mouth healthy. Getting your dog to chew treats is another good habit that can assist in keeping the mouth structures healthy. This will exercise his teeth as he chews a hard rubber, nylon or compressed rawhide chew. Brushing your dog's teeth every day helps, but less brushing doesn't. You must brush them enough to keep clinically healthy gingival maintained.
Evidence shows that soft diets promote periodontal disease. Harder foods that require more chewing helps prevent the disease. To help maintain your pet's oral health use these suggestions and ask your vet what else will help.
Dog Food To Help Oral Health
Some commercial dogfoods are not good for your new puppy. Canned foods and some dry food have a disproportionate amount of the balance of protein versus carbohydrates. Your puppy could get sick and it isn't easy to discern whether it was the dog food it ate, table scraps, or a disease. By knowing what is in your dog's food you will be able to help diagnose the symptoms and get the pup to the vet if needed.
Don't count on the traditional dog food to have the same ingredients as they used to when you were a kid. Top dog food companies like Purina and Iams change their formulas and what was in them before might not be in them now. By law the dog food companies must put on ingredient labels to assist you the consumer in picking out the right dog food for your puppy.
Don't assume that popular dog food brands are good just from their names. Many top dog food companies have pulled their products of the shelf during recalls. Some larger companies outsource the food manufacturing and the food may come from countries where industry standards are not the same as they are in the United States.
Gluten and soy filler are used in a great number of dry dog foods. Read the label and make sure that the dog food is not filled with these grain products. If there is a lot of grain, there will be less protein and more carbohydrates. This will make a poor diet for your new puppy. New puppies need a lot of protein and with that protein, exercise. Also an excessive amount of preservatives is not a good choice for your dog.
Remember, as with training, you are the alpha being in the household and you have to take charge. A puppy will eat anything that you put before it and it is the puppy's person responsibility to make sure that what is set in front of them is nutritious and wholesome. Don't worry if they don't like it at first. A few missed meal cramps will have them back at the feeding dish.