Taiwan's Native Birds

Mikadow Pheasant

By Snowyowls (photographer) / Jako (uploader) - own work (by Snowyowls) from zh wiki, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5566120
By Snowyowls (photographer) / Jako (uploader) - own work (by Snowyowls) from zh wiki, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5566120 | Source

The Mikado Pheasant is a native bird of Taiwan. The male Mikado Pheasant is a beautiful black with a long tail. The feathers on their mantle, breast, and rump have purple-blue edges. They have a pointed black with white bars and a white tip tail. Their bare orbital skin is red.


By Henrik Grönvold - Ibis 1908, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16522600
By Henrik Grönvold - Ibis 1908, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16522600 | Source

They like to live in dense forests, steep mountain slopes with banks that are 1,800 to 3,000m and maybe even higher.

By Didier Descouens - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=19291217
By Didier Descouens - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=19291217 | Source

The Mikado Pheasant is very shy. They eat shoots, berries, flower buds, and insects.

They will use bamboo stalks, and dry leaves to build their nest. They will build their nest on the trunk or branches of fallen trees or on the ground. The female will lay up to 10 eggs. The eggs will hatch in about 28 days.

They are threatened because they are loosing their habitat and they were also hunted for food at one time. If they stay in the higher altitudes they are reasonably safe.


Swinhoe Pheasant

By Alnus - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14539211
By Alnus - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14539211 | Source

The Swinhoe Pheasant is a native game bird of Taiwan. It is a large and beautiful blackish-blue in color bird. They have a crest that is white and short. The feathers on their back and tail are a silvery-white. They have wattles that are red.

By Frankyboy5 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=42007841
By Frankyboy5 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=42007841 | Source

The Swinhoe Pheasant like to live at elevations from 200 to 2,800m in wet hardwood forests.

They are a very alert, but shy bird. Their diet consists of leaves, millipedes, earthworms, and termites. They like to look for food early in the morning and late in the afternoon. They will dig for their food on the forest floor.


 By Robert tdc - originally posted to Flickr as 藍腹鷴亞成Taiwan Blue Pheasant, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9540854
By Robert tdc - originally posted to Flickr as 藍腹鷴亞成Taiwan Blue Pheasant, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9540854 | Source

They like to make their nests at the foot of trees and under rocks. The female will lay 3 to 8 eggs that will hatch in about 25 days.


By Frankyboy5 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=42007842
By Frankyboy5 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=42007842 | Source

The Swinhoe Pheasant is threatened in some areas because they have been hunted for food. In other areas they are protected and plentiful.



Taiwan Partridge

By https://www.flickr.com/photos/francesco_veronesi/ - https://www.flickr.com/photos/francesco_veronesi/15548930172/, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36401494
By https://www.flickr.com/photos/francesco_veronesi/ - https://www.flickr.com/photos/francesco_veronesi/15548930172/, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36401494 | Source

The Taiwan Partridge is a Taiwan native. They like to live in the broad-leaf forests at elevations from 700 to 2,300m

The hunt for food in small groups. They will dig through the leaves looking for seeds, berries, seedlings, earthworms, and insects.

Their breeding season goes from March to August. They build their nest in crevices in boulders, and at the bottom of trees. The female lays 6 to 8 eggs that will hatch in 20 to 21 days.

They are threatened because their habitat is being cleared for agriculture.



White-whiskered Laughing Thrush

WHITE-WISKERED LAUGHING THRUSH By Sammy Sam - Picasa Web Albums, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10651671
WHITE-WISKERED LAUGHING THRUSH By Sammy Sam - Picasa Web Albums, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10651671 | Source

White-whiskered Laughing-thrush is a native of Taiwan. They are a fairly large bird being 26cm.

Their body is brown and their superccilium and mustache are white. They have a gray crown with white. They have a brown face, chin, throat, and nape. The feathers have gray edges. They have a chestnut colored vent and a gray belly. They have a slat blue-gray wings and tail. The feathers have yellowish-brown edges.

These birds live in the central mountain range from elevations of 1,800 to 3,900m. In the winter they will come down to 1,000m.

The White-whiskered Laughing-thrush is a very tame bird. They like to live in pairs or small groups. They prefer to live in scrub, bamboo thickets, and on the edges of forests.

They look for food on the ground. They eat berries, lizards, insects, and larva.

Their breeding season in July. The female will put the nest in tall grass or shrubs. She usually lays 2 eggs.

Formosan Magpie

By Flickr user wagtail . Photo uploaded to commons by user ltshears - Flickr here, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1996444
By Flickr user wagtail . Photo uploaded to commons by user ltshears - Flickr here, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1996444 | Source

The Formosan Magpie is a native of Taiwan, They are a beautiful blue magpie that will be 23 to 29cm long The have a long tail that is about 49cm long Their body is a beautiful blue and their neck, throat, head, and breast are black Their feet, and beak are red. They have two very long feathers on their tail that are white.

The Formosan Magpie is a very intelligent bird. They make their home at up to 1,800m elevation in deciduous forests. In the winter they will come down to 500m.

They use twigs to build shallow nests. They will build their nests in tall trees. The female will lay 4 to 7 eggs.

The Formosan Magpie eats insects, fruit, snakes, lizards, birds, bird eggs, and small animals. Their favorite foods are persimmons, and papayas when they are available.


White Eared Sibia

 By Francesco Veronesi from Italy - White-eared Sibia - Taiwan_S4E8153, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45593726
By Francesco Veronesi from Italy - White-eared Sibia - Taiwan_S4E8153, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45593726 | Source

The White-eared Sibia is a medium sized bird being 23cm long, They have a black crown. They have a white ring around their eye and a stripe that ends in plumes. They have a gray breast, throat, and top of their back. They have a cinnamon under-body. They have a orange Rufous rump, back and upper tail converts. They have a black tail that has a white tip.

The like to live in oak forests at elevations of 1,300 to 3,000m. In the winter they will come down to 200m elevations and stay in deciduous trees.

They will look for foo alone or in groups. They like to look for food in the forest canopy. They will eat flowers, nectar, and berries. They are very active birds.


Sheere's Liocichia

Steere's Liocichla2.JPG By Unknown
Steere's Liocichla2.JPG By Unknown

The Shure's Lorichla bird is a medium sized babbler that is native to Taiwan. They have a gray streaked with white nape and crown. Their eye has a yellow crescent shaped patch in front of it. They have olive colored ear coverts and neck. They have an olive-brown back, and a gray rump. Their tail is olive with a white tip. They have chestnut wing secondaries that are dark gray tipped. They have black primaries that have yellow edges. They have a gray throat and upper breast. They have an olive-yellow lower breast. Their vent is black with bright yellow tips on the feathers.

They like to live at elevations of 900 to 2,50m in coniferous and deciduous forests. They will stay in the undergrowth of broad-leaf forests and orchards. They like to live in pairs and small groups.

The like to eat locusts, caterpillars, grasshoppers, and earthworms. They also like berries, fruit, and seeds.

Their breeding season goes from March to July. They will build their nest in tall grass, shrubs, and bamboo. The female will lay 2 to 3 eggs. The male and female will stay together until breeding season is over.

The Shure's Lorichla is not endangered at this time.



Flamecrest

By G E Lodge (d 1954) - Ibis 1906, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16491543
By G E Lodge (d 1954) - Ibis 1906, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16491543 | Source

The Flamecrest is one of Taiwan's smallest birds being 9cm long They are a warbler type bird. The male's crown is blackish with yellow at the back. There is a coronal stripe that is bright orange. There is a white ring around their square black eye patch. They have a mustache stripe that is black. Their throat is white and their breast and nuchal collar are ray. They have a back that is olive and their rump and belly are yellow. They have black wings and tail. Their wings have white bars and yellow edges on them.


By L. Shyamal - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12199760
By L. Shyamal - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12199760 | Source

They will live in the central mountain range at elevations of 2,000 to 3,70m in montane and coniferous forests.

They live alone or in groups with other bird species. They like coniferous forests the best. They look for food in the canopy but they will come down to low shrubs.

The Flamecrest is a very active bird. They spend most of their time looking for food and they will flit from leaf to leaf. They like to eat larvae and small insects. They will often eat berries and weeds.


Collard Bush Robin

By Robert tdc - Collared Bush Robin, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3947518
By Robert tdc - Collared Bush Robin, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3947518 | Source

They are a Taiwan native. The Collared Bush-Robin is a fairly small bird being 13cm .long. The males neck, head, and back are black. They have a hind collar that is reddish-orange.

The Collared Bush-Robin lives high up in the mountains in broad-leaf, and coniferous forests. They like to be alone or in pairs. They stay in the undergrowth, mountain trails or near rocks. They lie to stay on low perches when they can find them. You will see them most often on Mount Oli. They also like other forest areas at 2,000 to 2,800m elevations.

Their diet consists of insects, and caterpillars.

Their breeding season goes from May to July. The female will use roots, moss, ferns, grass, and hay to build her nest. She will build her nest in tree, and rock cavities. She put her nest about 5m off the ground. She will lay 2 to 3 eggs. The female sits on the eggs until they hatch and the male will guard the nest. Both parents take care of the checks.



Formosan Whistling Thrush

By Charles Lam from Hong Kong, China - Picking the Best, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2469948
By Charles Lam from Hong Kong, China - Picking the Best, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2469948 | Source

The Formosan Whistling-Thrush is a native bird of Taiwan. They are a fairly large thrush being 30 to 32cm long. They are a beautiful color that will go from a sapphire blue to purple to black depending on the light. Their eyes will be red.

They like to make their home in dark, damp ravens in mountain forests that are near streams of fast moving water. They will be found living at 2,400m elevations on Taiwan's north coast. They will live at 400 to 2,000m when they are living in other areas.

They like to eat insects, earthworms, small frogs, fish, crabs, lizards, and snakes.

They are very shy and like to move around in early morning and early evening. They make a sharp high pitched whistle sound.

Their breeding season will start in May and will end in July. They will build a shallow cupped nest that is large. They use roots, twigs, and moss to build their nest in tree cavities, tree roots, and rocks. They also build their nests in tunnels, and bridges. They female will lay 2 to 4 eggs. Both the male and female incubate the eggs and care for the chicks.





Taiwan Bush Warbler

By Unknown
By Unknown

The Taiwan Bush-Warbler is a native of Taiwan. They are a medium sized dark brown bush warbler. Their wings are short and round. Their tail is long and olive colored. They have a olive-brown hear, and under-body. They have a white streaked with black chin, and throat.

They will live in cold-temperate bamboo thickets, and temperate coniferous forest edges in the central mountains at 500 to 3,000m elevations.


By Unknown
By Unknown

They like mountain areas with low scrub, weeds, and thick grass to their home in. Their diet consists of insects.

Their breeding season starts in May and ends in July. They will nest in tall grass, and the female will lay 2 eggs.

They are not threatened but are hard to find.




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Comments 12 comments

Jackie Lynnley profile image

Jackie Lynnley 2 months ago from The Beautiful South

More beauties and interesting read! Shared.


phoenix2327 profile image

phoenix2327 2 months ago from United Kingdom

Wonderful hub. I have a soft spot for birds so I enjoyed reading about these beauties.


norlawrence profile image

norlawrence 2 months ago from California Author

Thanks for your comment Jackie.


norlawrence profile image

norlawrence 2 months ago from California Author

Thanks for comment Phoenix2327.


BlossomSB profile image

BlossomSB 2 months ago from Victoria, Australia

Lovely! Having lived there, I've seen a number of these birds, even one or two in the city, but mostly one needs to go walking in the mountains to spot them. Have you been there? With all those mountains the scenery can be breath-taking.


norlawrence profile image

norlawrence 2 months ago from California Author

Thanks for comment. Glad you got to see some of these beautiful birds. No I have not been there but maybe someday.


Suhail and my dog profile image

Suhail and my dog 2 months ago from Mississauga, ON

Hi Norma,

There are very beautiful birds in Taiwan. Never knew that, although I follow native wildlife a lot.

Regards,


norlawrence profile image

norlawrence 2 months ago from California Author

Thanks. They are beautiful birds. There are so many different types of birds in Taiwan.


lawrence01 profile image

lawrence01 7 weeks ago from Hamilton, New Zealand

A great intro to these amazing birds. I couldn't decide which one I liked the most, but they all looked amazing.

Lawrence


norlawrence profile image

norlawrence 7 weeks ago from California Author

Thanks for comment. They are beautiful birds.


Anita Hasch profile image

Anita Hasch 2 weeks ago from Port Elizabeth

What a lovely and interesting hub. Amazing images. I love birds.


norlawrence profile image

norlawrence 2 weeks ago from California Author

Thanks Anita Hasch for your comment. You are right as there are so many beautiful birds.

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