Training the Emergency U-Turn For Reactive Dogs
Why Train the Emergency U-Turn?
Do you have a reactive dog who lunges, barks and growls at triggers on walks? If so, you may often be caught off guard and may be looking for fast ways to prevent these mishaps. I first learned about the emergency U-turn as a safety measure by Certified Applied Animal Behaviorist and author Patricia McConnell. Ever since, I have found this very useful and it has become an important method I use when I am assigned cases of reactive dogs.
When is an emergency turn useful? And what does it consist of? If you own a reactive dog, you may know how quickly Rover may go from 0 to 100 in seconds. He may be fine one moment, but then suddenly a guy on a skateboard is coming your way, and within seconds as you are about to tighten the leash, your dog turns into a barking and snarling machine. You're thinking about what to do wasn't fast enough and Rover acted faster than you.
If this scenario sounds all too familiar, you may be interested in learning how to reduce these episodes. Well, the bad news is that there are really no fast ways to change your dog's opinion about these triggers and magically transform him into Mr. Friendly guy overnight. Well yes, honestly, there are some fast ways, but they are based on coercion, have the potential for fallout and may create even more problems than before. The best way to work on this is change your dog's emotional response through systematic desensitization and counterconditioning, and perhaps work on more specific programs such as Leslie McDevitt's LAT (look at that) or Grisha Stewart's BAT (Behavior Adjustment Training). Consult with a dog trainer to get better acquainted with these methods.
In between working systematically to change your dog's emotions, you want to also prevent your dog from rehearsing the unwanted behaviors. This is very important because if you consistently allow your dog to bark, growl and lunge at triggers on walks, all the hard work done along with your trainer and money spent can be lost because these behaviors are reinforcing to the dog. Basically, practicing the behavior makes it more ingrained and difficult to work on because such displays are rewarding. What's the reward in this case? Sending the skate boarder/jogger away and staying safe. Just think about: if your dog continues to engage in a certain behavior, it most likely means that he finds it useful in some way, right? After all, would you keep spraying products to kill bugs, if these didn't work?
So to prevent rehearsal of unwanted behavior, management is your treasured friend. You will need to do your best to prevent your dog to be exposed to triggers in such a way that your dog goes overboard and over threshold This is easier said than done as you may wish to still walk your dog! So whether your dog is reactive towards a skate boarder, a biker, a jogger or another dog, this is where, you will find an emergency u-turn helpful. In the next paragraph, we will look at how to teach this and turn it almost into an instinctive reflex, where your dog will do it without almost thinking.
Try training this off-leash first as your dog may not like getting tangled in the leash.
How to Teach Your Dog to Do an Emergency U-Turn (Schutzhund turn)
There are several ways to teach this. Some of my colleagues like to train this with the dog at a distance when he's off leash. This can be helpful if you have a dog that is not reactive, but just want to have a bit more control on off-leash walks. If your dog is reactive, he should not be off leash. This article is about dogs reactive towards triggers on walks.
For this, I like to train a Schutzhund turn. Kaiser and I competed in Rally obedience last year, and as I was thinking about this move, I thought how helpful it could be for when you are faced with a sudden trigger. So I started introducing Schutzhund turns in my private reactivity classes. What is exactly a schutzhund turn? It's a move where the handler turns while the dog goes around him and they meet together again on the handler's designated side as the turn is completed. This fancy turn looks a tad bit complicated, but it's easier when you do it This is how I train it:
- Find a quiet area where there isn't much going on. A hallway may work for smaller dogs as you can turn back and forth. Do this first off-leash. If you aren't fluent enough, the leash may get in the way and things can get sloppy. Do this on leash, once you and your dog are moving fluidly together.
- Arm yourself with high-value treats. Skip the kibble or those stale doggy cookies. You want small, bite-sized treats your dog. Dog owners are often impressed by how many pieces I can get from a chunk of hot dog. These small pieces work their purpose and are easy to give as jackpots if you want to give your dog a strong impression and throw a party.
- For this training command I use "luring" So keep your treats handy. Hold one in your hand and walk with your dog. In this case, let's imagine your dog is on your left side. you would turn to your left, while keeping the treat in your right hand, lure your dog behind your legs, mark the behavior and give the treat when your dog is back to the heel position on your left side.
- Practice, practice, practice. You want to do this often, make it fun, and try to do it in different locations with different distractions.
- If you are working with a trainer on desensitization and are using decoys, ask your trainer if you can introduce these turns with the decoy at a distance.
- Generally, you would add a command once a behavior has become fluid. I generally don't use a command anymore for this as my dogs have learned to be attentive to my moves and sudden turns. In the video below, I was initially using a hand movement to entice Kaiser to turn and occasionally a command.This was back when we were practicing for Rally-o, but now he does it automatically as he notices I am about to turn and no longer needs any aids. In the last turns in the video, you 'll notice how he does it without much aids as they're faded. This should be done gradually. If you wish though, you can introduce a command just as a back up if your dog isn't paying attention to you. A smacking noise for attention as I use for COR training may be helpful as well.
Kaiser loves Rally Obedience!
Of course, you can simply turn normally when you see a trigger, but I have noticed how Schutzhund turns seem to grab more attention from the dog especially if you turn it into a fun game and you are able to get your dog fluid on this enough that he does it quickly and without much thinking. If you watch the video closely, you'll see how Kaiser does best and with more "oomph" when we do it quickly versus slower. So work on the speed that makes your dog happy. Hopefully, this emergency exit can get you and your dog out quickly from what could have turned out to be a sticky situation! I have used it in the past with my dogs when we are walking and suddenly an off leash dog we don't know comes our way or some scary trigger is coming fast and we want to buy a bit more time. The best part is that a Schutzhund turn is a fancy move you can always use if your ever decide to enroll in rally obedience or want to add it to your canine freestyle choreography! Many dogs love these sports and you may too! Happy training!
Alexadry, all rights reserved, do not copy
Disclaimer: this article is not to be used as a substitute for professional behavioral advice. If your dog is reactive or aggressive, consult with a dog behavior professional for an in-person evaluation and appropriate behavior modification. By reading this article you accept this disclaimer.
Kasier's Schutzhund Turn: How it Looks
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