Sure, but this depends upon various factors. Most importantly the key imprinting period for puppies occurs between 3 & 12 weeks of age. The earlier in this process you can introduce them to a cat the better remembering that from 3-7 weeks they also will be imprinting how to interact with puppies and adult dogs, & picking up the social cues necessary to coexist with other canines. If other canines are present who are not socialized to cats this can pose a problem.
Temperament also comes into play for an adolescent dog's temperament may change due to environmental factors or hormonal changes as they mature sexually but usually imprinting at the critical time will work.
I sold a Husky pup once to a couple who used him for skijoring. He was raised with a cat. I visited him when he was two years old and the owners put a small bowl of spaghetti on the kitchen counter and said, "watch this." Immediately the cat appeared from nowhere, leaped onto the counter & pulled a string of spaghetti out of the bowl, dragged it to the edge of the counter & hung one end over the edge right above the Husky who was quietly sitting on the floor by the counter's edge. While the other end was still in the cat's mouth the Husky snapped piece by piece up the hanging spaghetti standing up until his nose and the cat's nose met, then he bit the cats head right off.
NO! actually NOT, I'm just kidding. They touched noses, he sat back down and they repeated the procedure until all the spaghetti was gone. Both were totally calm through the whole show and appeared to just love it and each other.
So it can be done, on the other hand I also had a Husky I bought as an adult that was great with my three adult cats but after a couple years one cat had kittens, later the Husky had a litter. The Husky was fine, kittens were gone except one I kept about 14 weeks old. One day, first time the kitten and dog were alone together & no one else was in the room, we wound up having to make funeral arrangements for the kitten. A bad thing.
A good thing (?) the kids had their first experience with life and death.
Environment (&/or breeding) in this case overcame imprinting because months before this occurrence that Husky got out of our invisible fence & killed the neighbors rabbit in a backyard pen. I suppose the prey instinct was awakened at that time & well, kitten, rabbit what's the difference.
Which leads us to the problem Huskies can have with invisible fences, that for another time & place.:-)