Baird's Tapir

Tapirus bairdii

The last and the largest of the New World group, is Baird's tapir T. bairdii, which weighs 600 pounds (270 kg).

This species is short-haired like the South American, with very small bristles along the nape as a reduced version of the latter's mane. It is particularly distinguished by its very light, even whitish cheeks, throat and neck, as well as white lips and ear-tips. The head is more convex than the South American or Roulin's tapir, and the nasal bones are supported by an ossification which strengthens the base of the proboscis.

Image ©2008 Splash Damage Ltd. Used with permission.

This species occurs in South America mainly northwest of the Andes in Ecuador and Colombia, north from the Gulf of Guayaquil. It extends north in Central America through Guatemala and Nicaragua to Veracruz and southeastern Mexico, to the northern limit of the tropical forest. Apparently its invasion into South America has been comparatively recent. Records today indicate a range overlap with the South American tapir in Colombia, which was not recorded previously.

Baird's tapir breeds, in Mexico, in March. The female's oestrus lasts four to five days and during this time the male and female copulate several times. During oestrus the female is very aggressive towards others of her sex, very restless and constantly utters a characteristic squeak. The gestation period is 390-400 days. The young suckle standing, sitting or lying down.

Photo by Belizian
Photo by Belizian

More by this Author

  • Explosive Quadricep Power!

    The major muscles of the upper leg include the gluteus maximus, the sartorius, the quadriceps, and the hamstring muscles. The quadriceps is composed of four muscles that cover the front of the thigh. Their major...

  • The All Dumbbell Workout

    You can get a good workout at home. It's not so important WHERE you train, but THAT you train. Buy free weights, collars and dumbbell handles long enough to accommodate a reasonable number of plates on each side of the...

  • Strong Neck and Impressive Traps

    You may not consider your neck the most important body part to concentrate on in the gym, but you have at least three important reasons to work it. 1) your neck muscles are responsible for your head movements, 2)...


No comments yet.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.

    Click to Rate This Article