Art Lesson: How to Draw a Sea Horse

Step by step instruction art lesson: How to Draw a SeaHorse by art teacher Dorsi Diaz
Step by step instruction art lesson: How to Draw a SeaHorse by art teacher Dorsi Diaz | Source

Art lesson: How to draw a seahorse

As an art teacher, I like to teach lessons on things that are interesting to both kids and adults. Seahorses are one of those animals that most kids really like, and when presented with a chance to draw one, usually get very excited. There is just something whimsical and fun about a creature that is called a horse yet lives in the sea!

In this lesson I will break down the drawing steps one by one with a photo. Under each photo you will find the instruction for that part of the lesson. At the end of this hub you will also find 10 interesting facts about seahorses, which would make a classroom lesson even more informative. Because this turns into a painting which is based on using warm and cool colors, in this first hub we will concentrate on drawing the seahorse and in the next one I will talk about how to paint your seahorse, plus the use of color and medium.

Enjoy your lesson!

What you will need to draw your seahorse art

The things you will need for this lesson are simple:

  1. White paper (printer paper is OK but if you are going to paint it then something thicker like watercolor or art paper would be best)
  2. Pencil
  3. Eraser
  4. Black sharpie (optional if you want to trace the seahorse in black)

Step by step instruction on how to draw a seahorse

In this first part of this art lesson draw your guideline like a cross. Make these light. Then draw a circle with a snout to begin your sea horse drawing. Notice where I placed the circle. Make sure your paper is "portrait" style.
In this first part of this art lesson draw your guideline like a cross. Make these light. Then draw a circle with a snout to begin your sea horse drawing. Notice where I placed the circle. Make sure your paper is "portrait" style. | Source
In step #2 add the body of the seahorse. Notice the shape that I used - a stretched out oval type shape attached to the circle. For smaller kids they can just draw an oval.
In step #2 add the body of the seahorse. Notice the shape that I used - a stretched out oval type shape attached to the circle. For smaller kids they can just draw an oval. | Source
In step #3 add the curling tail of the seahorse. Try to keep the tail on the paper otherwise your seahorse will not be complete.
In step #3 add the curling tail of the seahorse. Try to keep the tail on the paper otherwise your seahorse will not be complete. | Source
Step #4. Add the fin on the seahorse back along with the line going up the fin.
Step #4. Add the fin on the seahorse back along with the line going up the fin. | Source
For step #5 add the "ear" or "crown: at the top of your seahorse drawing.
For step #5 add the "ear" or "crown: at the top of your seahorse drawing. | Source
Congratulations - Your basic seahorse shape is finished. Now you can change curves, add details and define your seahorse using the original lines that your drew. Also draw in your seahorses eye. You can also add the seahorses habitat to your drawing.
Congratulations - Your basic seahorse shape is finished. Now you can change curves, add details and define your seahorse using the original lines that your drew. Also draw in your seahorses eye. You can also add the seahorses habitat to your drawing.
Finsished drawing of a seahorse completed in black Sharpie. You can add in all the details inside the seahorse and also draw in his habitat.
Finsished drawing of a seahorse completed in black Sharpie. You can add in all the details inside the seahorse and also draw in his habitat. | Source

Finish drawing your seahorse

After your basic seahorse shape is drawn, follow the finished seahorse to the right to add your details. You will make a series of connecting semi-circles around the shape (except for the face), add the eyes, the other fins and the shading marks.

After you are done drawing your seahorse in pencil, you can either leave it that way or add pencil shading if you like. I went over my seahorse with black Sharpie in preparation for painting, then I erased any pencil lines that were showing. Make sure your guidelines are totally erased also. You can also pencil in the seahorses habitat with coral and sea grasses, then draw with Sharpie over those lines too.

In the next lesson we will have a lesson on how to use warm and cool colors to paint your seahorse, along with ideas on how to do oil pastel waves and ripples in the ocean. Please remember to subscribe to my RSS feed so you can be notified when new art lessons are published. You can also follow me at:

Dorsi Diaz Designs on Facebook and at my website www.DorsiDiaz.com

Photo of a real sea horse

Photo of a seahorse from the London Museum and Aquarium.
Photo of a seahorse from the London Museum and Aquarium. | Source

10 interesting facts about seahorses

Sea horses are amazing little creatures. They capture our imagination and also make a great art lesson. Here are 10 interesting facts about seahorses that you may not have known about them:

  • Once seahorses fall in love, they stay together for life. They are monogamous.
  • Seahorses are the only species in the world in which the males give birth.
  • Seahorses range in size from just 0.6 inches (1.5 centimeters) to 14 inches (35 centimeters) long.
  • Seahorses propel themselves though the water by using the small fin on their back. This fin flutters up to 35 times per second!
  • Seahorses like to eat all day long! They can eat 3,000 or more brine shrimp per day.
  • There are 54 species of seahorses.
  • Seahorse use the fins near the back of their heads to steer.
  • Seahorses do not swim very well. In storms, they sometimes die of exhaustion.
  • Male seahorses carry unborn young in a pouch that they have on the front of their bodies.
  • Seahorses use their tails to latch onto grasses and coral in the ocean.

Sid the Seahorse giving birth

Poll on the seahorse art lesson

Are you here reading this lesson because:

  • I love seahorses
  • I am an art teacher and looking for ideas
  • I teach in a school classroom
  • I was just wandering around and decided to read
  • I have followed your other art lessons
  • I'm just here for fun and to look!
See results without voting

More art lessons by Dorsi

If you have enjoyed this art lesson please stop over at some of my other lessons that I have written here at HubPages. All photos are original and taken by me, along with the writing. I hope you have enjoyed our seahorse art lesson today!

Art Lesson: How To Draw A Hand Print In 3 Dimensional Colors

Art Lesson: How to Draw a Simple Cartoon Dog With Oil Pastels

Online Art Lesson: How To Draw A Clown Fish

Kids Art Lesson: How to Draw a Sea Turtle

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6 comments

torrilynn profile image

torrilynn 3 years ago

@Dorsi thanks for this lesson on how to draw a seahorse. This brings back memories of how I would draw cartoons and pictures of people when I was younger. Overall, nice. Voted up


Austinstar profile image

Austinstar 3 years ago from Somewhere in the universe

I have always wanted to draw and paint. Sadly, I am not very talented in the arts. Science has always been my forte. That is one thing that sets this hub apart from other hubs! You have included some very interesting facts!


peachpurple profile image

peachpurple 3 years ago from Home Sweet Home

wonderful drawing! Your seahorse looks cute and a darling. I was wondering whether a 6 yr old could do that... No problem for me... Thanks for including the information about seahorse too. Voted up


Dorsi profile image

Dorsi 3 years ago from The San Francisco Bay Area Author

@torrilynn) I love memories like that torri. We created some great new memories making these.

@Austinstar) Glad you enjoyed the hub Austin. The one thing I have found is that everyone can learn to draw when taught correctly. It's never too late!

@peachpurple) It should be fine for a 6 year old peach. I had a 7 year old do an adorable seahorse!


Paul Edmondson profile image

Paul Edmondson 2 years ago from Burlingame, CA

This is really nicely done. I love these guides to drawing.


Dorsi profile image

Dorsi 2 years ago from The San Francisco Bay Area Author

Thanks Paul. I really enjoy making them too!

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