Edvard Munch's "The Scream"

This is the 1893 oil, tempera, and pastel on cardboard version of Edvard Munch's The Scream. It is the first of four versions Munch created.
This is the 1893 oil, tempera, and pastel on cardboard version of Edvard Munch's The Scream. It is the first of four versions Munch created. | Source

Who was Edvard Munch?

Edvard Munch (1863-1944) was a Norwegian artist who painted four versions of one of the most iconic paintings of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, The Scream.

This article will provide some biographical information about Munch and will explain why the main figure in Edvard Munch's paintings is screaming.

Munch's Early Years

Edvard Munch was born in the village of Ådalsbruk in Løten, Norway in December 1863. His father, Christian, was a doctor and medical officer, and his paternal grandfather was a priest. Munch’s mother, Laura Catherine, who was much younger than his father, was an artist. Munch’s mother died of tuberculosis when Munch was four years old, so Munch and his four siblings were raised by his father and his aunt Karen.

Christian Munch, Edvard's Father

Christian Munch, Edvard’s father, received low pay as a medical officer in the military. His attempts to supplement that pay by opening a private medical practice were not successful.

Munch was a sickly child who was frequently kept out of school. He spent his time drawing, an activity he loved, but one which his father greatly disliked.

Christian Munch was a very religious man, obsessively so. He was continually lecturing his children, telling them that their mother was watching them from heaven, and that she was very upset with their behavior. Munch told his children stories about ghosts and death, stories which frightened the five children.

Edvard Munch wrote

My father was temperamentally nervous and obsessively religious—to the point of psychoneurosis. From him I inherited the seeds of madness. The angels of fear, sorrow, and death stood by my side since the day I was born

Edvard Munch Self-Portrait (1895)
Edvard Munch Self-Portrait (1895) | Source

Edvard Munch's Education

Edvard Munch enrolled in a technical college in 1879 to study engineering. He excelled in chemistry, math, and physics, but what he really enjoyed was creating perspective drawings.

Munch left college in 1880—he wanted to be a painter, not an engineer. Christian Munch’s reaction to his son leaving college was a new series of lectures about the evils and worthlessness assocated with being an artist.

At some point while Edvard was studying at the art school, Christian saw a nude painting created by Edvard. He destroyed his son’s painting and refused to give him any more money for art supplies. Edvard Munch, undeterred, continued to paint.

Public Domain Information Regarding "The Scream"

Edvard Munch created four versions of The Scream.

  • The Scream (Oil, tempera, and pastel on cardboard, 1893)
  • The Scream (Lithography, 1895)
  • The Scream (Pastel on board, 1895)
  • The Scream (Tempera on cardboard, 1910)

The images are in the public domain in the United States because they were first published outside the United States prior to January 1, 1923. Other jurisdictions have other rules.

The fourth image is not in the public domain in the area of the United States under the jurisdiction of the United States Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit because it was first published after July 1, 1909. Edvard Munch died in 1944. If Munch had died in 1942 or earlier—more than 70 years ago—the tempera on cardboard version of The Scream painted in 1910 would be in the public domain in all of the United States.

Since the 9th Circuit covers both San Francisco—the city in which HubPages is located—and the city in Southern California in which I live, I am not able to include an image of the 1910 version of The Scream in my article.

Two 1895 Versions of "The Scream"

Click thumbnail to view full-size
The Scream (Lithography, 1895) is the second version of the subject Edvard Munch created.The Scream (Pastel on board, 1895) is the third version of the subject created by Edvard Munch. This version was sold for $119,922,50,  the highest nominal price paid for a painting at auction.
The Scream (Lithography, 1895) is the second version of the subject Edvard Munch created.
The Scream (Lithography, 1895) is the second version of the subject Edvard Munch created. | Source
The Scream (Pastel on board, 1895) is the third version of the subject created by Edvard Munch. This version was sold for $119,922,50,  the highest nominal price paid for a painting at auction.
The Scream (Pastel on board, 1895) is the third version of the subject created by Edvard Munch. This version was sold for $119,922,50, the highest nominal price paid for a painting at auction. | Source

Why is the person in the painting screaming?

There has been much speculation throughout the years regarding the reason the individual in Edvard Munch's painting is screaming, apparently in terror. The explanation in Sky and Telescope magazine is the most understandable to me.

Volcanic Island of Krakatoa

On August 27, 1883, the volcanic island of Krakatoa in Indonesia erupted in a cataclysmic explosion. Dust and gases were sent high into the atmosphere. The debris mixed with the volcanic gases caused fiery sunrises and sunsets. These first occurred in the southern hemisphere, then near the equator, and then in the northern hemisphere.

The debris caused fiery sunrises and sunsets worldwide for many months. Edvard Munch was greatly affected by what he saw. He created four versions of The Scream to depict his feelings.

A markerKrakatoa, Indonesia -
[get directions]

Inspired by Edvard Munch's "The Scream"

April is National Poetry Month—I prefer to think of it as World Poetry Month. I've been writing a poem every day, tweeting it and posting it on my Facebook wall.

While looking at the 1893 version of The Scream, I was inspired to write a tanka, a 31-syllable unrhymed poem. It's my fifth poem of the month.

More by this Author


Comments 96 comments

Jools99 profile image

Jools99 3 years ago from North-East UK

Daisy, well I really enjoyed this hub. I have seen the painting on TV shows etc and in books and had no idea what it was all about. I was quite surprised to discover it was about the Krakatoa eruption. He must have been a very sensitive man to feel something so far away so affecting.


MrsBrownsParlour profile image

MrsBrownsParlour 3 years ago from Chicagoland, Illinois

Really interesting! I know the painting but knew nothing of the artist's biography. I learned a lot and have much sympathy for him now.


Mike Robbers profile image

Mike Robbers 3 years ago from London

I think this painting was stolen once and then found it back... anyway, an awesome piece of art of course. Nice hub!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Julie (Jools99),

Thanks for reading my article and being the first person to comment in it. I appreciate your continued support of my writing.

When I decided to write about The Scream, I was compelled to discover why the main figure was screaming. It took quite a bit of digging to find the answer.

"Madness" of some sort seemed to run in Munch's family. Due to his father's rants, Edvard was very sensitive. The eruption of Krakatoa was cataclysmic. Fiery red sunrises and sunsets were seen worldwide for many months. Due to his rather "fragile" nature, Edvard, seeing the red sky, was deeply affected.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Lurana (MrsBrownsParlour),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment.

I've written several art history- and museum-related Hubs. This is the first one I've published in a while. My four-year degree is in Fine Arts. I really enjoyed doing the research for this article.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mike,

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. The 1893 version of The Scream which is showcased at the top of my article was stolen in 1994. It was recovered a few months later.

The 1910 version of The Scream and another painting were stolen in 2004 and recovered two years later.


Sheri Faye profile image

Sheri Faye 3 years ago from Chemainus. BC, Canada

Very well written. I learned something today and I love learning. Great hub!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Sheri,

It's nice to meet you. Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment.

I like to think of most of my Hubs as being "gently educational." Readers will learn something from reading my articles, but the process will be painless.


rasta1 profile image

rasta1 3 years ago from Jamaica

It is nice to know the history behind this masterpiece. It is the most mysterious art I have seen.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Art (rasta1),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. I've also wondered about the reason for the scream. I'm glad I was able to provide an answer in my article.


Patti Riggs Hale profile image

Patti Riggs Hale 3 years ago from Burdette, Arkansas

Very interesting! I've learned something today!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Patti,

It's nice to meet you. Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it.

I've published a number of art history and museum Hubs. I hope you have an opportunity to read some of the others.


midget38 profile image

midget38 3 years ago from Singapore

You are right, the explanation in the sky and telescope is the most plausible. Thanks for sharing, Daisy!!


Vellur profile image

Vellur 3 years ago from Dubai

Interesting hub and explanation behind the "The Scream". Thank you for sharing.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Michelle (midget38),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment.

I spoke with a friend of mine who has an M.S. degree in Astronomy. He said the eruption of Krakatoa created so much debris in the atmoshpere, glowing red sunrises and sunsets would have been seen worldwide for many months.

I completed poem #5 for National ("World") Poetry Month a short while ago. I was inspired by Munch's The Scream. There's a copy of the tanka on my Facebook wall.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Nithya (Vellur),

Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it. Isn't it nice to know why the person was screaming? It's a question in the art world that people have pondered for more than a century.


phdast7 profile image

phdast7 3 years ago from Atlanta, Georgia

Such an iconic work of art. A very nicely done Hub. Sharing. Theresa


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Thesesa (phdast7),

It's nice to meet you. Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub. I appreciate your support.


adity5 profile image

adity5 3 years ago

interesting hub !!

voted up and shared :)


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

adity5,

Welcome to HubPages. It's nice to meet you.

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub.


Pavlo Badovskyy profile image

Pavlo Badovskyy 3 years ago from Kyiv, Ukraine

I ve heard a lot about this paintings but never knew it was inspired by a volcanic eruption! Actually it explaines the sky with red and yellow coloring. The painting which seems to be surrealistic becomes more understandible for those who like realistic explanation. Great !


baja2013 profile image

baja2013 3 years ago from Sarajevo, Bosnia

Sunflowers (Van Gog) and Scream are my favorite paintings. Of course, after my wife's ones. :)

Thanks for info, didn't know Scream was inspired by Krakatoa eruption.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Pavlo,

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment.

My major field of study in college was Fine Arts. I was especially interested in art history. The reason for the scream was something about which I had wondered for many years. When I began doing the research for this article, I was determined to learn why the main figure was screaming. I'm so glad I found an explanation which is acceptable to me and, hopefully, to many others.

The style in which Munch painted is Expressionism, but it does have a very surreal quality.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Bajazid (baja2013),

Welcome to HubPages. It's nice to meet you. Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment.

If you go to my HubPages profile page, you'll see an article called "Vincent van Gogh's Irises (Post-Impressionism)." One of the paintings I discuss in that Hub is van Gogh's Sunflowers.


baja2013 profile image

baja2013 3 years ago from Sarajevo, Bosnia

Day by day, I like Hubpages more and more. The rest of internet is no more interesting for me. Really new world for me!


Mhatter99 profile image

Mhatter99 3 years ago from San Francisco

Thank you for this analysis.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Bajazid (baja2013),

Thanks for stopping by another time. There are so many great writers who publish articles on the HubPages site, and so many interesting Hubs to read. I'm glad you're enjoying reading our Hubs.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Martin (Mhatter99),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. I appreciate your support of my writing.


kidscrafts profile image

kidscrafts 3 years ago from Ottawa, Canada

So nice to "see" you again Daisy!

Very interesting article about Edvard Munch! I learned something new today (again)! I didn't know that Edvard Munch had created 4 versions of "The Scream". I didn't know either what was the origin of this painting! You can definitely see and feel the fear in "The Scream"!

Thank you for sharing all that information! Have a good day!


Riviera Rose profile image

Riviera Rose 3 years ago from South of France

When I lived in Oslo I used to love going to the Munch museum - there really was/is a special atmosphere there. His paintings are so dramatic and vivid, and some are huge. To my shame I didn't know much about his past, so your hub was a real pleasure, thanks.


KrisL profile image

KrisL 3 years ago from S. Florida

Thanks, Daisy.

your explanation makes a lot of sense . . . also interesting to hear more of the details of Munch's life. He managed to take his personal pain and make something beautiful from it.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Joelle (kidscrafts),

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. Until I began doing the research for my Hub, I was only aware of the three versions of The Scream that are in color. I hadn't known about the black and white lithograph.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Riviera Rose,

It's nice to "see" you again. How exciting that you've visited the Munch museum in Oslo!

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. I'm glad you learned something new from reading my Hub.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Kris,

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. So many things influenced Munch in creating the four versions of The Scream.

Munch's creations influenced me yesterday. I wrote a tanka about The Scream for day #5 five of National Poetry Month. It's on my Facebook wall.


Vinaya Ghimire profile image

Vinaya Ghimire 3 years ago from Nepal

I can see the copy of Scream in Kathmandu. Scream is very popular with Nepali graffiti artists. I off course have heard about Edvard Munch, but did not know much about the artist.


Life of an Artist profile image

Life of an Artist 3 years ago from Huntsville, AL

Enjoyed the article :) I studied art, and have naturally seen this painting, but have never heard about the volcanic eruption being a possible inspiration for the piece. Thanks :)


Angie Jardine profile image

Angie Jardine 3 years ago from Cornwall, land of the eternally youthful mind ...

I have always felt that the person screaming is Munch himself - using the painting as a metaphor for his life and his somewhat tortured soul.

Living with an artist myself the colours of the sky can be simply any colour the artist chooses, they don’t have to be representational.

Thanks for this interesting hub, Daisy.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Vinaya,

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment.

I've seen one of the versions of The Scream. It was on loan to a museum for an exhibit, but I don't recall in which city. After having seen the picture in a number of my art books, I remember that I was speechless when I saw one of the actual versions.


LauraD093 profile image

LauraD093 3 years ago from Pittsburgh PA

I really enjoyed reading this. A great mystery has been solved for me as I always wondered about the context behind The Scream.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Corinna (Life of an Artist),

Welcome to HubPages. It's nice to neet you. Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. There have been a number of theories about why the main figure is screaming. Having come from a family in which there was mental illness, and having seen fiery red sunrises and sunsets which frightened him, it appears that Edvard Munch's art was influenced by the cataclysmic eruption of Krakatoa.


Sunshine625 profile image

Sunshine625 3 years ago from Orlando, FL

Very interesting story about Edvard Munchs scream. His dad sure was strict!


marcoujor profile image

marcoujor 3 years ago from Jeffersonville PA

Dear Daisy,

Thank you for this most interesting exploration of Munch's background and his inspiration for " The Scream".

I now appreciate and understand the creative expression in the tanka you posted on FB.

Wonderful writing...voted UP and UABI. Have a great weekend!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Angie,

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it.

Although the predominant style of art in which Munch painted was Expressionism, I can see elements of Abstract Expressionism in his work. In these two schools of painting, the artist, more than in other schools, painted what he "felt" about the natural world.

Munch's first version of The Scream was painted less than four months after Krakatoa erupted. By that time, the debris from the cataclysmic eruption of the volcano had spread throughout the world, including as far north as Norway.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Linda (Sunshine625),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment.

Christian Munch's behavior greatly influenced his son's life. Christian's father, we must remember, was a priest, so that man's behavior likely influenced Christian's.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Maria (marcoujor),

Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it. Thanks, too, for viewing / reading the tanka I posted on my Facebook wall. I appreciate your very kind words.

I've been trying to write a poem every day in April in honor of National ("World") Poetry Month. It appears that the Munch influence is still alive. After viewing The Scream for so many hours, I simply "had to" write a poem about it.


Tracy Lynn Conway profile image

Tracy Lynn Conway 3 years ago from Virginia, USA

Such an interesting topic! I enjoyed reading the background information and detail about the artist and the piece(s). One of the things that I love about "The Scream" is how it draws the viewer in, no matter what age, everyone can relate and respond to the work and how it makes them feel.


Life of an Artist profile image

Life of an Artist 3 years ago from Huntsville, AL

Daisy,

Thanks so much for the welcome to hubpages :) I'm enjoying it! '

That's what I love about art though - everyone has different interpretations of a work of art. Speculations are fun ;) I love hearing some of the varied thoughts that people have about the art I make. I always end up learning something new about myself in the process :)


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Corinna (Life of an Artist),

Thanks for stopping by again. My four-year degree is in Fine Arts. I've written a number of museum- and art history-related Hubs. I hope you'll have a chance to read some of them.


Life of an Artist profile image

Life of an Artist 3 years ago from Huntsville, AL

I'll definitely be going through your blogs :) All of mine will be about art in some way, so please do stop by every now and then! :)


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Corinna (Life of an Artist),

Thanks for visiting another time. The articles to which I referred are all ones that I published on HubPages. They are all Hubs. None of them are blog posts.


Gypsy Rose Lee profile image

Gypsy Rose Lee 3 years ago from Riga, Latvia

Voted up and awesome. Thanks for sharing this. Fascinating. Great pics. Passing this on.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Tracy,

Thanks for reading my article and adding your insightful comment.

I like what you wrote in your comment about The Scream...it draws the viewer in, no matter what age, everyone can relate and respond to the work and how it makes them feel.

I received comments regarding my Hub from all over the world, from readers with a wide range of backgrounds...from people who have studied art, and people who know little about the subject.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Laura (LauraD093),

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. I think a great mystery has been solved for many people...I imagine there are few people who viewed the painting who didn't wonder why the main figure was screaming.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Rasma (Gypsy Rose Lee),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub. I appreciate your continued support of my writing, my art history and museum articles in particular.


janetwrites profile image

janetwrites 3 years ago from Georgia country

Thank you Daisy for this very interesting and informative hub about Edvard Munch and his famous painting. Although I have seen it several times I didn't know the background of it. Now I know it.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Janet,

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it.

Edvard Munch's "The Scream" is a very well-known painting, but I don't think the artist's background and the reason the main figure is screaming is known by many viewers of the artist's work.


Sueswan 3 years ago

Hi Daisy,

This hub was very interesting to read. I have seen this painting but I didn't know the origins behind it.

Your tanka fits perfectly. Voted up and awesome


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Sue (Sueswan),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. Many readers, it seems, learned something new from reading my Hub.

I'm glad you liked the tanka. I've only written a few of them. The two additional lines added to a haiku or senryu help me to expand upon my thoughts.


Glimmer Twin Fan profile image

Glimmer Twin Fan 3 years ago

I had no idea that there were 4 versions of this painting Daisy. Trying to catch up on my hubpages reading after dealing with an ill parent. I need some color in my world right now so this art hub drew me in.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Glimmer,

It's nice to "see" you again. I'm so sorry one of your parents has been ill.

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. I hadn't realized there were four versions of The Scream until I began doing my research.

The lithograph version, the second version Munch created, looks very much like the first. It's interesting to see the individual screaming in the black and white lithograph. The *scream* can still be heard.


teaches12345 profile image

teaches12345 3 years ago

Thank you for the education of this art work. I have seen it before, now I know what it is about. Well written and designed hub.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Dianna (teaches12345),

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. I appreciate your kind words and your continued support of my writing.

The Scream is very much an iconic painting. I'm glad I did the research about the four versions Edvard Munch created.


SilverGenes 3 years ago

I had no idea he had done more versions of this painting and got so intrigued, I rushed off before commenting. Your hub taught me quite a bit about the man behind it and it certainly explains a lot. I just love how you put it all together and the addition of the tanka was icing on the cake!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Alexandra (SilverGenes),

Thanks for reading my article and commenting here and on Google+. I had known that Munch created more than one version of The Scream, but I hadn't realized there were four versions until I began doing the research for my Hub.

The tanka wrote itself a few hours after I published my article. I thought it would be a great addition to my Hub. I'm glad you liked it.


Docmo profile image

Docmo 3 years ago from UK

Thanks for this info Daisy, I often wondered about the 'Scream' and its significance, its good to know the meaning and inspiration behind this timeless treasure.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mohan (Docmo),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. I appreciate your continuous support of my writing.

As you know, my four-year degree is in Fine Arts. I took a number of art history / painting courses while in school. I, too, wondered about The Scream and why the main figure was screaming. I thought, perhaps, that the figure was running away from something in terror.

I decided to do some digging and see if I could find the answer to this puzzling question. Surprisingly, the answer wasn't in an art history book. I found the reason for the scream in an astronomy magazine.


DeborahNeyens profile image

DeborahNeyens 3 years ago from Iowa

I love your art hubs, Daisy. I always learn so much. I did not know there were so many versions of this painting and I had no idea why he was screaming. Great job!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Deb (DeborahNeyens),

It's great to "see" you again! Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. I appreciate your very kind words. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub.

I learned quite a bit about The Scream while doing my research. I'm glad I finally found out why the main figure is screaming.


AudreyHowitt profile image

AudreyHowitt 3 years ago from California

Like the added tanka Daisy!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Audrey,

Thanks for reading my article and the tanka I added. I appreciate your very kind words about the tanka. Coming from a poet of your stature, your words mean a great deal to me.


Eiddwen profile image

Eiddwen 3 years ago from Wales

Thank you Daisy for sharing this great hub;interesting and very useful;voting up and enjoy your weekend.

Eddy.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Eddy,

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. I'm glad I helped solve the mystery for many people of why the main figure in the painting is screaming.


Mike Robbers profile image

Mike Robbers 3 years ago from London

An amazing hub daisy! I enjoyed reading about the life of the artist and the interpretation of the painting. Haven't looked thoroughly into 'The Screaming' before so I was amazed with the connection to the Krakatoa eruption. Voted and pinned!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mike,

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. I appreciate your very kind words. Thanks, too, pinning and sharing my Hub.

I had always wondered why the main figure in the painting was screaming. I'm glad I took the time to do the research to find out.


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 3 years ago from New York

I am so glad HH gives us a chance to catch up on hubs we may have missed. Somehow I missed this one.

So interesting Daisy. The artist certainly had a life that could lead to great paintings.

Like the others here I did not know the story behind The Scream and found your entire hub very interesting.

Voted up, useful, and interesting.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mary (tillsontitan),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. What I frequently do is go to the HP profile page of a writer I follow to see what the person has published which I might have missed.


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 3 years ago from New York

That's a very good idea!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mary (tillsontitan),

Thanks for stopping by again. I appreciate it.


Jodah profile image

Jodah 3 years ago from Queensland Australia

Hi Daisy,

I was drawn to this hub. Always been interested to know the story behind this painting 'The Scream' and now I know, thanks to you. Very interesting. Now off to read some more of your wonderful hubs.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Jodah,

It's nice to meet you. Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. The reason for the main figure screaming had always been a mystery to me. I'm glad I found the time to do the research.


Mel Carriere profile image

Mel Carriere 3 years ago from San Diego California

I've been intrigued by The Scream since I first saw it in a High School textbook oh, just a couple years ago. Did Munch do any other paintings? I've never seen one. Great hub!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mel Carriere,

It's nice to meet you. Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. "The Scream" is Munch's most famous work. It is among the 50 to 60 paintings he created


billybuc profile image

billybuc 3 years ago from Olympia, WA

Thanks for the education, Daisy!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Bill (billybuc),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub on Facebook.

My major in college was Fine Arts. In addition, I received permanent certification to teach art in Kindergarten through the 12th grade. This topic would have made a great term paper when I was in school.


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cam8510 3 years ago from Columbus, Georgia until the end of November 2016.

I appreciated reading this hub since I have been to the Munch Museum in Oslo. The explanation for the screaming subject in the piece is very interesting and believable. I appreciate also the explanation of the dates regarding Public Domain. I'll be watching more closely in the future to make sure I am using things correctly.


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Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Chris (cam8510),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. The HubPages Learning Center has information regarding the legal / correct use of photographs within Hubs. If you are concerned about using images correctly in your work, that's where you should go for the information.


Larry Gibson 2 years ago

While working on my B.F.A. I was befuddled by Edvard Munch's painting, The Scream. In my senior year just short of graduation I changed my major to nursing and within a two year period obtained my B.N.S. Now my nursing skills allow me to pursue my art adventures. Very interesting article and thank you for sharing your findings.


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Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Larry,

It's nice to meet you. Thanks for reading my article and sharing your anecdote with us.


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Nell Rose 2 years ago from England

Hi Daisy, came back for another read purely because I am reading a book that mentions the Scream, and I couldn't remember why or what it was about, but its always been a mysterious and intriguing painting for me, voted up and shared, nell


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Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Nell,

Thanks for reading my article another time and posting your comment. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub. Most people who have read my Hub have been surprised by the explanation regarding why the main figure in the painting was screaming.


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teaches12345 2 years ago

Just stopped in again to view the art.


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Vellur 2 years ago from Dubai

Came back to read this interesting and informative hub.


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Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Dianna (teaches12345),

Thanks for stopping by again. I'm glad I was able, after many years, to learn why the main figure in the painting was screaming.


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Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Nithya (Vellur),

Thanks for reading my article another time. I appreciate your continued support of my writing.


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alancaster149 11 months ago from Forest Gate, London E7, U K (ex-pat Yorkshire)

Hello again Daisy, I wondered what was behind Munch's painting. Didn't know there were as many as four versions. That's what you might call obsessive. My wife visited our younger daughter in Vienna recently (doing her PhD in maths & physics) and visited the Albertina Gallery. She said the painting she saw there (don't know which version) was hardly bigger than a postcard.

With a background like his, Munch was lucky to get out without cracking up completely.


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Daisy Mariposa 11 months ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Alan,

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and posting your anecdote about the Munch painting. I hadn't realized one of the versions was a *miniature*.

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