Flowers of Springtime: the Primrose and other blooms

a bunch of primroses

Primrose

The primrose is a plant of the family Primulacee (there are, by approximation, at least two hundred different species, all belonging to the same family). It blooms between March and late April. It can be seen from the range of hills to the Alpine belt, it prefers fertile, moist soils and can grow both in the shadows as in the sun. It grows in moist, deciduous forests and grassland. In fact, all the photographs I made of this flower, I've taken in a very humid forest, traversed by a brook and surrounded by fallow fields and ruined homes. This is a protected species.
It resembles very much the primula veris, and the flowers have a pale yellow corolla (but the flowers have a wide range of colors and, sometimes, can be scented), the flower has five petals, heart shaped, the calyx of the flower is very tight .

primrose in bloom
primrose in bloom
primrose's bud
primrose's bud
a trio of primroses
a trio of primroses

I found these days a very abundant blossoming, helped by the warm weather of the spring. This plant blooms when the insects are still very few (I've only seen two bees and a pale green butterfly visit these tender flowers), and because of this, its flowers are often not pollinated. Shakespeare, in "The Winter's Tale," has drawn a poetic metaphor: "the pale primroses who die unmarried".
Its name reflects its early birth; in the language of flowers, it has inspired the symbol of the first youth. Lovers have endeavored to tell the beloved: "The key to my heaven is in your heart." with this flower.
Like everything announcing the new season and the renewal of the year, the primrose is also a symbol of good luck and good wishes (for example in England, where such a plant is also known as "bunch of keys").
The primrose is considered a "Plant of Fairies".

a butterfly on a primrose's bud
a butterfly on a primrose's bud
natural bouquet
natural bouquet
the heart of the cowslip
the heart of the cowslip
particular of the fairy-like butterfly
particular of the fairy-like butterfly

This plant is popular for its numerous medicinal properties; it is rich in active ingredients such as saponins, flavonoids, etc.. It is used as an expectorant and against respiratory diseases, it is indeed an excellent sedative for the cough: the dried flowers are used to improve the herbal against the cough, as well as sweating and tranquilizer. The root has a diuretic property, but it is also used against rheumatic pains; it also has a stimulating effect on the sneezing. In homeopathy, it is used in cases of cardiovascular weakness and headache.
The cowslip's wine is obtained by putting the flowers in a bottle and covering them with white wine: this preparation promotes the good circulation. The dried flowers are also used to prepare an aromatic tea but with no exciting action, to perfume the beer and to improve the bouquet of wine. Prepared as candied, they become a delicious dessert.
In the wild, it should not be collected because it is a protected plant, but it may be cultivated. The time of harvest, in this case, is: the roots in autumn, the leaves before flowering and the flowers, the perfect ones, towards the end of March and in April (if they are still in the period of full bloom: this depends on climate and the variety of flower).

The beginning of the show, the wonder of the Spring

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Comments 12 comments

Brigitte Thompson profile image

Brigitte Thompson 6 years ago from Austin, TX

Wow! Great information, fantastic photos!


Varenya profile image

Varenya 6 years ago Author

Thanks Brigitte, I'm glad that you like both the pictures and the notes!


2uesday profile image

2uesday 6 years ago from - on the web, I am 2uesday.

This is a fantastic hub for anyone who loves flowers - it is a feast of beautiful photos and interesting, informative text.

I can recognise most of the flowers here except the brighter blue one with white 'bobbly' stamens. Is it a variety of wood anenome that we do not see here in England?

It is a wonderful shade of blue reminds me of the colour of the blue poppy I tried to grow from seed but failed. Thank you for this super hub.


Varenya profile image

Varenya 6 years ago Author

Thanks, it's great for me to read your nice comments!

You are right, it's a variety of the wood anemone; I was surprised when I saw it because I have never found it in the woods, here in Italy. It is wonderful, isn't? There were bunches in the woods, among the dry leaves of the last winter and the shells of chestnuts...

Its colour is perfect coupled with the brilliant yellow of the primroses: no artist has such a gracefulness and taste as Nature has!


lctodd1947 profile image

lctodd1947 6 years ago from USA

Nothing more beautiful.. So nice thank you for sharing with us.


Varenya profile image

Varenya 6 years ago Author

Ictodd, many thanks for your comment! I love Nature and it is a pleasure to share her beauties!


Kay Creates profile image

Kay Creates 6 years ago from Ohio

I enjoyed your lovely photos.


Varenya profile image

Varenya 6 years ago Author

Thanks Kay, I'm really very happy that you has appreciated my photos!!! :)


angel115707 profile image

angel115707 6 years ago from Galveston, TX

great post, now I am more interested in primroses


Varenya profile image

Varenya 6 years ago Author

Thanks angel, it's great for me to read your comment: I'm also very happy of your new interest in primroses, now their flowers are fading because the warm is increasing, but they will come again the next year, to announce springtime again! :)


nikki1 profile image

nikki1 6 years ago

Wow, incredible photos, very informative.


Varenya profile image

Varenya 6 years ago Author

Thank you very much, Nikki, I'm very glad that you appreciated this hub!!!

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