Hand sewing Needles--- An Illustrated Guide to the Types and Uses of Hand Sewing Needles

Know thy needle!

More than you ever wanted or cared to know about hand sewing needles.

Source

Needles in archaeology

According to archaeological finds the needle in various shapes and sizes has been around since the early Stone Age. Needles made from bone, ivory, agava leaf fibers , wood, porcupine quills etc were then used to sew together animal skins, furs and other organics. The Romans developed the sewing tools further, including finer needles made from metals and thimbles.

By the middle ages an onward needles were treasured, looked upon as valuable and kept in safe places.

10 steps of how needles are made today!

  • A high quality carbon steel or a titanium alloy wire is cut to the length of two needles
  • Both ends of the cut 'wire' are then 'pointed'
  • A die slams or stamps the two eye impression into the center of the wire
  • A hole is then punched through the center of the two eye impressions
  • The wire then is broken into two parts--- two needles
  • The waste metal is ground off of the sides and top of the needle's eye
  • The metal of the needles is then hardened and tempered
  • To assure the needles are completely smooth and highly polished they are scoured
  • As a final step the needles get a special coating of either nickel, platinum or etc.
  • The needles are quality checked and then ready for packaging

The manufacturing of the modern sewing needle is the same whether it's the regular craft caliber needle or the more expensive name brands. They're all made from some type of carbon steel or titanium alloy wire with the main differences coming from the temperatures the metal is hardened and tempered with and whether they get to be nickel or gold plated for corrosion resistance.


from my stash of needles
from my stash of needles

The job however, of this long, slender, non-complex, simple to use gadget or tool has not changed since it's invention at the beginning of time. Even the most expensive of needles, the one that is made of two-thirds platinum and one-thirds titanium alloy still has the same function: 'The pointed tip pierces the fabric and the eye or thread hole at the opposite end carries the thread, cord, floss etc through the fabric'.

Today's 'Hand Sewing Needles' come with different names depending on what their purpose is and in a range of different sizes. There is a world wide standard for needle sizing. As far as I'm concerned it was devised by a 'backwards Joe'.  Just to confuse matters... the length and thickness of a needle increases as the size number decreases. With other words, the smaller the size number on the needle packet the larger the needle... and vice versa - the higher the size number the finer the hand-sewing needles...For example a size 1 needle will be a heavier, thicker and longer needle , whereas a size 10 needle will be finer, thinner and shorter.

Needle Care!

~Now you're thinking.... why read about needle care in this day and age. It's not as if the traveling Habber-dasher only comes around once a year or two anymore. To be honest most of the needles available today are not so expensive that they're not easily available to most everyone. (Even the top of the line, the creme de la creme of the needle industry, the John James platinum plated needles are available for just a couple of dollars...)

But ... let me backtrack a bit...

If you've read any of my hubs before you will by now know my favorite saying "...each job has the right tool..." I know, I know it's not as if a hand sewing needle is such a high-tech gadget that you can not make do with one that work similarly BUT using the right one usually makes the job easier... and on that note I assure you that adapting the right size of needle really will make for a better, more accurate and longer lasting job.

For example: if you keep consistently squishing a thicker thread into the eye of the needle that is too small not only will it be frustrating every time you need to re-thread but forcing and pulling the tail section of thread through the eye will wear and get damaged before the project can even get finished. On the other hand using a needle that is too thick and has a huge eye will not just pierce great big holes into the fabric that is being sewn but by slipping and sliding inside the too large eye will also cause the thread to wear and fray which then will leave it weaker.




~Not a shocking revelation, I would say, 'Needles DO Wear Out'. Obviously, the life span of the needle depends on it's starting quality. The more expensive platinum plated needle will last longer than the ones from a dollar store available in a packet of fifty.

~Now you want to know why you should buy top quality hand sewing needles, right? Well, unless you're sewing for hours-on-end you do not need them. For sewing an occasional button onto a shirt or a quick hem the cheapo's will do just fine. But if you're embroidering, quilting etc do yourself a favour and invest in a better name brand such as Clover, Dritz etc. The cost difference is really minimal but the quality is definitely noticeable. Most needles are made with a friction resistant over-coating designed to help them slide through the fabric smoothly. After a lot of sewing the coating of the needles will starts to wear off and the points will dull. (faster on the cheap needles)

~Needles can also have the smallest, minute, impossible to see with the bare eye burs inside the eye opening which then will shear, damage and break the thread, floss or ribbon. (again this will happen more often with the cheap needles where quality control can be more lacks).

It's time to break out a new needle:

  • when the needle feels as if its 'grabbing' the sewing project
  • when the needle doesn't 'sink' easily into your project anymore
  • when the needle bends so that it's very hard pull the thread through the eye
  • when the eye of the needle is fraying the sewing thread
  • when the tip of the needle snags the fabric


How to extend the life of your needle (important when using the more expensive kind)

The arm of the chair or couch will not keep the needles safe for long, when not in use stab them into a chunk of wool felt, use a magnetized needle holder, a needle book, a needle tube, a needle case or use the obvious... a pincushion.

A quick word on pincushions... the old fashioned ones were filled with sawdust. Today's cheap-os can have anything in them... fillings that can scratch and damage your needles and pins. A great way to make your own which will also clean your needles and keep them dry is to make a little pouch of a wool felt, fill it up with a mixture of 6 parts talcum powder, 1 part baking soda and 1 part Comet or Ajax, sew up the end tightly, presto bingo you have a great pincushion. It will keep your needles and pins safe, dry, clean and polished all at the same time.

~I keep a special pincushion (filled with that mixture) that is strictly for the assortment of 'in-use' hand sewing needles. Mine has a nine division tic tac toe grid embroidered on it (my granddaughter made for me) which made it easy to adapt for the different styles of needles that I have on the go.

If your needle gets stuck inside your project and you can't "un-stuck" it use a rubber puller (the rubber finger tips that are used for counting money-money-money and are available at the stationary store) come in handy. On the other hand yanking with saw-thoothed-needle-nosed-pliers will scrape the needle which then will snag the thread and fabric and eventually break.

~When choosing a needle preference for length, thickness, shape and pliability all go hand in hand with the type of fabric you will be working on. For example: The lighter fabric, the thinner the needle should be. To check which leaves the smallest hole and which one slips through most easily pass different-sized needles through the fabric at an inconspicuous place (a great spot is usually within the seams or at the very edge of the project.

~ Again, using the right tool helps to get a project done easier. The right needle choice will give better accuracy and ease whether its for simply hemming a pair of pants, embroidering a complex design or for stitching an appliqué etc. All can be accomplished much easier with the right type and sized needle. Yes, you could use a darning needle to hem that new silk skirt but you will damage the silk fibers and leave humongous holes in it if the needle is not the right size.

Sharps: Sharps Sizes 1–10

Sharps are a basic multi purpose needle, of medium length, sizes ranging from 1 to 10 with a sharp point, a small rounded eye just large enough to accommodate thread and most commonly used for hand sewing. Remember Size 1 is the longest and thickest, and size 10 is smallest and thinnest.

Self threading needles: Sizes 1-10

The spiral Eye or side threading needles come in a variety of sizes and types, but mainly used for general sewing project in sizes 1-10. The precision cut into the side of the eye allows for most material to slide over the opening without snagging. Perfect for the sewer with low vision or dexterity issues.

Ball-point Needles: Sizes 5 -10

Ball point needles have a rounded tip, so they're perfect for sewing knit fabrics. A sharp pointed needle can easily damage the knit fiber by poking though a thread and leaving a 'pull' in the the knit fabric. A ball point, on the other hand, will pass right through the knitted stitches. Ball points also come in sizes 5 through 10.

Betweens or quilters Needles: Sizes 3 -12

Betweens or quilters needlesare much shorter and a bit thinner than the sharps, with a small rounded eyes.  Their overall thinness and small eye help them pass easily through heavyweight fabrics, like denims etc.. Just perfect for making fine stitches when tailoring, quilt making and other detailed stitching. These 'betweens' are commonly sold in sizes 3 through10, and very seldom 12 (again 12 being the finest and shortest of them all)

From my stash of needles...
From my stash of needles...

Embroidery or Crewel: Sizes 3 - 10

Embroideryalso known as Crewel needles are very similar to the sharps as they have sharp points however their main difference being in the eye. They have large oval eyes to make threading multiple embroidery flosses or thicker yarns easier to pass through. The sizes for the embroidery or crewel needles range most commonly from 3 through 10 in short and medium lengths.

Darning Needles: Sizes 1-9, 14-19

Darning needles are long, large-eyed needles used for darning, basting and embroidery. They have long oval eyes and blunt tips similar to tapestry needles and come in a variety of lengths and sizes used . To confuse things Darning Needles traditionally have different 'uses' and for each of these uses they have different sizings ---  Cotton Darners  for fine cotton in sizes 1 - 9 (1-5 being the most common)  Yarn Darners for wool work being the heaviest with very large eyes to thread yarn come in sizes 14 - 19.

Tapestry Needles: Sizes 12 - 28

Tapestry Tapestry Needles are used for embroidery. They are thicker than most needles and have large oval eyes and a blunt tips. These blunt tips allow the needle to carry yarn floss and ribbon between warp and weft of the fabric without piercing the threads. Tapestry needles are used for needlepoint, silk ribbon embroidery and more on canvas, even-weave material and other loosely woven fabrics. the sizes range from 12 to 28.

Although less known or common, also available are Double ended tapestry needles, with the eye in the middle. Used by embroiderers who work with fabric mounted in frames. Sizes from 13 to 26... again 13 being the heaviest and 26 the finest. 


Chenille Needles: Sizes 12 - 28

The Chenille Needle is similar to the tapestry needle as it has the same long oval eye and comes in the same sizes (thickness) except it has a sharp point. Sizes  are from 12 through 28. Chenille needles are ideal for ribbon embroidery and other crafts that need to pull a thick strand through a closely woven fabric.

Trapunto Needles: up to 6" long

Trapunto Needles are used for sculptured quilting and more. These blunt, thick and 6 inches long needles open the fabric warp and weft threads to allow stuffing between the layers for traditional trapunto. The shaft of the trapunto needle is thicker than a regular doll needle and amazing stuffing tool for doll-making.

Milliners Needles: Sizes 1 - 10

The Milliner's Needle also known as milliner straw needle has a sharp point, round eye, an even shaft  and is a bit longer than the average needle (about 1 5/8 inches long). It is the longest hand sewing needle, traditionally used for hat making but is also great for hand basting available in sizes 1 through 10.

Doll Makers Needles: Size 2.5" - 7" long

The Doll Makers Needle comes with either a sharp point or a blunt tip and is available from short to extra-ordinairly long. Size 2.5"/6.5cm - 7"/18cm long.  Doll needles are used for the soft sculpturing of dolls, particularly facial details.

Beading Needles: Sizes 10 - 15

Beading needles are very fine, with a narrow eye to enable it to fit through the center of beads and sequins. They are usually long so that a number of beads can be threaded through at the same time. The Sizes most commonly available are 10 -15. On rare occasions an elusive size 16 (quite thin) can be found.

Leather Glover's Needles: Sizes 1 - 5

The Leather also known as the Glover's Needle is a heavy needle that has a sharp triangular point or wedge tip used for piercing and sewing (without tearing), leather, suede, man-made suedes, canvas and other stiff materials. The sail maker, cobbler, saddler and harness maker all uses the wedge-tipped needle available in a variety of lengths/shapes and sizes most commonly 1 through 5.


Sailmakers Needle: Sizes 1 - 5

Sailmaker needles are similar to leather needles, but the triangular point extends almost halfway up the shaft of the needle. Used for sewing thick canvas, heavy leather and carpets.

Upholstery Needles: Sizes- straight needle 3"-12" long, curved: 1.5"-6" long

An Upholstery Needle is a heavy, long needles that can be straight or curved. The size ranges from the straight needle of 3"/7.5 cm to 12"/30cm long and the curved needle from 1.5" 3.75cm to 6"/15cm long in a wide variety of weights. The straight upholstery needle is used to sew heavy fabrics, upholstery work, tufting and for tying quilts. The curved needle is used for difficult situations where a straight needle is awkward or not practical to use again on heavy fabrics such as canvas, upholstery fabric, denim etc. The heavy duty 12" needle is also used for repairing mattresses.

Tatting Needles

The modern Tatting needle is long and the same thickness for it's entire length, including the eye. This is to enable the thread to be pulled through the double stitches used in tatting.

Bodkin

Bodkin is a long blunt lacing tool or thick needle with a ballpoint end and a large, elongated eye. They can be flat or round and are generally used for threading elastic, ribbon, cord or tape through casings and lace openings.

More by this Author


Comments 50 comments

Mary miller 2 months ago

Is there A superior hand quilting needle? For some reason I bend the smallest needles I want to use so have to resort to 10's. I found tulip at the quilt store and tried them but I can't find any info on THE BEST needles.


Nora 16 months ago

I saw a video on you tube and he was sewing with a hand needle that had a wing at one end and a hole for threading at the top. Do you know the name of the needle?


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 2 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

Me, thank you for reading.

To answer your question I just went and looked at my sewing needle collection they all seem to be the clover name brand and are all part titanium... they come 5 needles in a packet. Here in Canada I'm able to buy them at my local fabric store. Then I have a couple of quilters 'betweens that are a cross of white gold and titanium blend but those just come as one needle in a plastic little box. Those I bought at the Tailor suppliers in Toronto just before I retired about 6 years ago.

That's about all I can tell you.

regards zsuzsy


Me 2 years ago

Every website mentions titanium (hand) needles, but no one mentions where to buy them. I have spent two days searching online, and machine needles are all I can find in titanium.


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 4 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

Sharon, if you look at the top of this page on the right side under my picture there is a link that saya 'Contact Zsuzsy Bee' send me an email through hubpages.

talk to ya soon

zs


sharon 4 years ago

Zsuzy Bee: If you can direct me I will download a pic just didn't see anywhere to do that in here.Thanks Sharon


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 4 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

Hiya Sharon, it would help if you would download pics of the needles. It would make it easier to identify them.

zs


sharon 4 years ago

Zsuzsy Bee, I have my grand mother's sewing needles here but I have no idea what she may have used them for. I'd love to down load a pic but shall try and explain them here. Each resembles a thin wire 1 mm thick angle cut one end and looped 2x with the circular hole (eye) being 1 cm wide. Length is just over 4 cm. The other is double thickness 7cm long double loop(eye) about 1 1/2 cm wide but the end continues past the loop to create a small hook.


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 4 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

Lindamlyon@aol.com, not being able to see the 'needles' I'm temted to say that these are heddles for a weaving loom rather than sewing needles... but I can't be sure

thank you for taking a look and for commenting

regards Zsuzsy


lindamlyon@aol.com 4 years ago

Help-- Found these 16 inch long needles in a wooden case with eyes on both ends and have no idea what they would be used for. There is a name of John Thorton and also a name of Redditon on some of them. Any idea what these were used for? Thank you.

Linda


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 4 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

Thank you for taking a look and for commenting. Glad you found the information useful.

regards Zsuzsy


Pamela Kinnaird W profile image

Pamela Kinnaird W 4 years ago from Maui and Arizona

This is a big amount of information on a topic I've needed to know about. I'm sharing it on my Facebook page for the many sewers and crafters there.


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 4 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

Angela, thanks for taking a look and for commenting.

regards Zsuzsy


Angela 4 years ago

Thanks for the useful tips and historical background. I especially like the instructions for the pincushion. Have a great day!


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 4 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

kschimmel, glad you came by, thank you for taking a look and for commenting. Very good point about buying good needles.

regards Zsuzsy


kschimmel profile image

kschimmel 4 years ago from North Carolina, USA

Thanks for pointing out that needles wear out. As a professional seamstress, I wore out plenty of hand sewing needles--especially on heavily structures bridal gowns. I had an arsenal of needles--tiny for beadwork, huge for bustles.

Also a warning against dollar store needles--sometimes those things aren't even sharp! Pay a few extra dollars for the brand name needles.


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 5 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

Bette Iverson thanks for reading and for commenting. As far as the two eyed needle is concerned... it most likely is a bodkin that was made to pull round elastic (I think they call it hat elastic)

regards Zsuzsy


Bette Iverson 5 years ago

I know a lot about sewing but certainly not all this. Very good. I have an old, old needle, 2 5/8" long, and it has two eyes on the end. Very blunt end. Can anyone help be out with what kind it is? Very appreciative.


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 5 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

Szervusz Zita, thank you for reading the hub and for the lovely comment. Contact me by the hubpages link (in the space under my avatar) and then we can talk more. You can practice your English and I can practice my Hungarian. Since my Mom died I don't have too many people to talk/write to in Hungarian anymore.

regards Zsuzsy


Zita H. 5 years ago

Szervusz Zsuzsikam !

I do sew all my garderobe, even coats and jackets. ME ? Who's brother was acusing me, to heve to left hands before I got married ! JAJX nekem :O))I found good advice by you Zsuzsika thank you. My both kids flew the coup too. I have used this time to travel (traveling is done already) BUT I do gardening in the North Dakota short sommers, do gobelin (goblen) stitching for my self, cross stitching and szaloltesek for tablecloths and place mates, for my self to beautify my home. I did learn interieur designing from my draga mamam = dear mama (should rest in peace, best mother one could have) I do love operett, opera VERDI u. Puccini are my favored, I also had 15 years of balette school, unfortunately my father did NOT allowed me to make a profession from dancing, I was very good in it too (standing ovation in theater when our school did perform) instead enden up studying multiple foreign languages, is interesting to see those diferent language written books and I CAN read them too perfectly. NEVER did learn english before I came here with work assigment, was ask to stay and We did accepted it. I like the evergreen melodies too up to 1976. I AM ANIMAL AND NATURE NUTS, I really do genuinly loved animals since I was 5 months old, my great grand mama showed all the family members the smile when I saw the family cat or dog in the room close to my bed :O) I was so happy my mamika said that I was almost flew out of my bed seeing them, and screaming talking to them in baby language :O) NOTHING changed, I do have a little uszkar = poodle and he gets away with EVERYTHING under the sky. He knows it too ! :O) He is perfect understanding my sign language too :O) and when I talk to him :O)) he does answer too. NO need for TV comedie. We have both our own with mu little Buksikam. Zsuzsikam, MY BEST WISHES TO YOU and family and "kellemes unepeket kivanok" to all of you from me, Puszikak, Zita


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 5 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

Katiem, always glad when you drop in for a visit. If the hub is helping even a little bit then it sure was worth writing it.

hope you're well

regards Zsuzsy


katiem2 profile image

katiem2 5 years ago from I'm outta here

This is priceless, my twelve year old sews things together making purses, pillows and all sorts of creations right off the top of her head. I'm challenged in this area and very much appreciate your hand sewing needles an illustrated guide, my daughter will to, book marking this for her. :) Katie


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 5 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

SupportMed always glad when you drop in for a visit.

Thank you for the nice comment.

hope you're well

regards Zsuzsy


Support Med. profile image

Support Med. 5 years ago from Michigan

Thank goodness we have your hubs to help the young learn how to sew, and mend. They just may spark someone to learn to be a pro. I believe you are a great teacher. Voted and rated.


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 5 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

LensMan999, thanks for reading and for commenting.

regards Zsuzsy


LensMan999 profile image

LensMan999 5 years ago from Trans-Neptunian region

mr zsuzsy first I want to tell you if I didn’t read your hub throughout my lifetime I can't able to get knowledge on varieties of sewing needles and its caring even so thanks a lot.


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 6 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

Lauretta123, thanks for reading and for commenting.

regards Zsuzsy


Lauretta123 profile image

Lauretta123 6 years ago from Ukr

Nice manual..... great thanks


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 6 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

4youreyes, yes the needle is a tool, one of the oldest in the world. Thanks for reading and for commenting.

regards Zsuzsy


4youreyes 6 years ago

Thanks for the very informative hub I've been sewing and crafting for years and never took the time to learn all I should know about about a needle after reading your hub a needle is no longer just a needle it is a tool.


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 6 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

omdelhi, how are you? Thank you for reading and for commenting.

hope you're well

regards Zsuzsy


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 6 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

Hello, hello, how are you? Lucky for me I do not have to do any research for these kind of hubs. My head is filled to the brim with info like this.... more than anyone ever wants or cares to know about hand sewing needles... as long as you remember the different uses of a particular needle, knowing the rest of the information in this hub is really unimportant...

hope life is treating you right

regards Zsuzsy


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 6 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

Wild Iris, I like using chenilles for silk embroidery. They feel just right in my hand. Try them, they might work just right for you too.

always glad when you drop in

regards Zsuzsy


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 6 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

Hiya Steph, all three of my children know how to sew... only one of them (my youngest) ever enjoyed it. She started making outfits for her stuffed animals when she was three. My other daughter is a great sewer, can make anything she needs to have but she hates doing it (except for Halloween costumes for my granddaughters). We all have something we like to do best...

hope you and your gang are well

regards Zsuzsy


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 6 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

quuenieproac, glad you came for a visit. Having been a tailor for most of my working life I found that using good needles makes stitching a heck of a lot easier.

hope you're well

regards Zsuzsy


omdelhi profile image

omdelhi 6 years ago from New Delhi

Thanks for sharing.


Hello, hello, profile image

Hello, hello, 6 years ago from London, UK

Great research and brilliantly written. Thank you for your information.


WildIris 6 years ago

I'd never thought to use a chenille needle for ribbon embroidery. Great information! Milliner needles sound like a good thing to stash away in the sewing kit too.


stephhicks68 profile image

stephhicks68 6 years ago from Bend, Oregon

What a thorough, useful hub! My mom was always a great sewer. It's a craft that I've never really picked up. But hubs like this one are most inspiring!


quuenieproac profile image

quuenieproac 6 years ago from Malaysia

What a comprehensive discussion on needles! Congrats on a great hub and thanks for sharing the information.


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 6 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

SteveoMc, it's confirmed it's 'Backward Joe' who's responsible for the wire gauge and thus for the needle sizings too...

thank you for that info, for reading and for commenting

hope you're well

regards Zsuzsy


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 6 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

Hello Earth Angel how are you? You sure are right about the young people of today having no idea of how to sew, not even hem a pair of pants... until it comes back into fashion again... all we need is one movie star or rap singer to confess to loving how to sew then things might change... here is hoping

hope life is on an even keel

kindest regards Zsuzsy

regards Zsuzsy


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 6 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

Hiya Susan, I have an enormous stash of every type and style of needle available. I could probably lose a new needle every day for the next ten years before I need to buy any more... the silly thing is that I mainly use the 'betweens' for just about all the hand sewing.

Thanks for reading and for commenting

regards Zsuzsy


SteveoMc profile image

SteveoMc 6 years ago from Pacific NorthWest

Wow, who would have thought? To me, a needle is meant to be used to remove splinters or to sew on a button. The size thing is incredible....and similar to electrical wire. A 4 is much larger and heavier than a 12. There is a complicated formula for determining gauge. When you look at the formula, it makes you feel like you are sitting in the back of the advanced math class with a dunce cap on. The formula actually is used to determine the resistance in a wire and how much current it can carry. The formula makes the sizes completely standard: a gauge of 10 is always the same. So lower gauge sizes have lower resistance. The least resistance is found at 0 gauge and is the biggest wire. Other industries adopted this system and now it is used in all areas like needle making, jewelry gauges, etc. The formula is like Greek, but the result is standard sizes that you can depend on.


Earth Angel profile image

Earth Angel 6 years ago

Blessings to you Zsuzsy Bee!!

I've never been that good at sewing although a hem or button replacement has always been simple enough! What shocks me is how our younger generation has no idea how to thread a needle or for what it is used!

GREAT Hub!!

Blessings to you and yours this Holiday Season!

Earth Angel!


Just Ask Susan profile image

Just Ask Susan 6 years ago from Ontario, Canada

Hi Zsuzsy

Wow I didn’t realize how many needles were out there until I read your hub. I bought the self-threading needles not too long ago but have not had a chance to use them yet. Great Hub!


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 6 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

Pamela thank you for taking a look and for commenting. I have my grandma's pincushion that I love and use beside my sewing machine and then the new one my granddaughter made me on my work table. Both of these have the talcum/baking soda/comet mix in them. (this was actually my Grandma's recipe that she used for her embroidery needles)

hope you're well

regards Zsuzsy


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 6 years ago from Ontario/Canada Author

Hiya Alex, how are you? Always glad when you drop by for a visit. Thank you for commenting.

greetings from a cold and wet Ontario


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 6 years ago from United States

Wow! This was a great overview of all the needles and their proper care. I have used the same pin cushion for 30 years at least. I learned a few new things in this hub, so thank you.


AlexK2009 profile image

AlexK2009 6 years ago from Edinburgh, Scotland

Fascinating the variety of needles. Very interesting.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working