How to Crochet a Square

With Free Crochet Patterns for HOT HOT HOT Pads #1, #2, and #3!

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Hot Hot Hot Pad #2Hot Hot Hot Pad #1Hot Hot Hot Pad #3
Hot Hot Hot Pad #2
Hot Hot Hot Pad #2 | Source
Hot Hot Hot Pad #1
Hot Hot Hot Pad #1
Hot Hot Hot Pad #3
Hot Hot Hot Pad #3 | Source

Table of Contents:

  • Written and Chart Pattern: Basic Sc Square (Worked in Rounds)
  • Written and Chart Pattern: Sharp Sc Square Pattern (Worked in Rounds)
  • Written and Chart Pattern: Sharp Sc Square Pattern (Worked in a Spiral)
  • Written and Chart Pattern: Sharp Sc Square Pattern (Worked in Rows Diagonally)
  • Recommended Video: How to Block Crochet
  • Recommended Video: How to Change Colors
  • Recommended Video: How to Join Square Motifs
  • Recommended Book on Amazon: 101 Crochet Squares by Jean Leinhauser
  • Photo Gallery: Beautiful Square Motif Patterns from 101 Crochet Squares

There are many things one can do with a basic sc square especially for a crochet beginner.

When crocheted alone you can make hot pads, dishcloths, washcloths, coasters, and earrings (decorate it with beads), which are quick crochet gifts . If you join them together, you can make blankets and bags. It becomes even more interesting when you change colors.

There was a time when I wanted to crochet a bag by joining solid crochet squares. The problem was the squares turn out to be rounded so it wouldn't lie flat and form the cube that I wanted. I didn't know how to block then.

Years after that, I realized where I went wrong. That's why I wrote this hub to help others who might have the same predicament.

This hub includes written and charted patterns for your convenience. This also shows three ways to crochet an sc square: 1) worked in rounds; 2) worked continuously in a spiral; and 3) worked diagonally in rows.

Let's begin with the pattern for the sc square that I used for my still-unfinished bag.

Abbreviations:

  • Ch - chain
  • Sc - single crochet
  • Hdc - half-double crochet
  • Sl st - slip stitch
  • A - (refers to the very first ch made)

Basic Sc Square Pattern (Worked in Rounds)

This is the pattern you'd probably find in crochet books, which will result into a rounded square if not blocked.

//Pattern Begins//

Foundation Chain: Ch 2.

Round 1: 8 sc in A, sl st to 1st sc, ch 1, TURN.

Round 2: [Sc, (3sc) in next sc] 4x, sl st to 1st sc, ch 1, TURN.

Round 3: [2 sc, (3sc) in nxt sc, 2 sc] 4x, sl st to 1st sc, ch 1, TURN.

Round 4: [3 sc, (3sc) in sc, 2 sc] 4x, sl st to 1st sc, ch 1, TURN.

Round 5: [3 sc, (3sc) in sc, 4 sc] 4x, sl st to 1st sc.

Continue in this manner until desired size is achieved. Break off and weave in ends.

//Pattern Ends//

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Basic Sc Square Chart PatternBegin with 2 ch. The VERY FIRST CH is referred to as A and will serve as the center of the square.8 sc in A, sl st to 1st sc. (RED arrow shows direction.) Ch 1, TURN.(3sc) makes the corner of the square.In the center sc of the previous 3-sc group, crochet another 3sc's to define the corner. Continue this way until desired size is reached.This will result into a rounded square.
Basic Sc Square Chart Pattern
Basic Sc Square Chart Pattern | Source
Begin with 2 ch. The VERY FIRST CH is referred to as A and will serve as the center of the square.
Begin with 2 ch. The VERY FIRST CH is referred to as A and will serve as the center of the square. | Source
8 sc in A, sl st to 1st sc. (RED arrow shows direction.) Ch 1, TURN.
8 sc in A, sl st to 1st sc. (RED arrow shows direction.) Ch 1, TURN. | Source
(3sc) makes the corner of the square.
(3sc) makes the corner of the square. | Source
In the center sc of the previous 3-sc group, crochet another 3sc's to define the corner.
In the center sc of the previous 3-sc group, crochet another 3sc's to define the corner. | Source
Continue this way until desired size is reached.
Continue this way until desired size is reached. | Source
This will result into a rounded square.
This will result into a rounded square. | Source
Left: Basic Square (Rounded); Right: Sharp Square; Both are crocheted with plarn (yarn from plastic bags)
Left: Basic Square (Rounded); Right: Sharp Square; Both are crocheted with plarn (yarn from plastic bags) | Source

Sharp Sc Square Pattern (Worked in Rounds)

Where did I go wrong?

If you know your geometry, you'd remember that the diagonal of a square is longer than its sides. Basing on this fact, I modified the basic square pattern, changing the corner sc into an hdc to account for the difference in length.

The result is a sharper square - a real square even without blocking. The difference will be more pronounced if you crochet a lot of rounds or if you work in a thick yarn.

//Pattern Begins//

Foundation Chain: Ch 2.

Round 1: 8 sc in A, sl st to 1st sc, ch 1, TURN.

Round 2: [Sc, (sc, hdc, sc) in next sc] 4x, sl st to 1st sc, ch 1, TURN.

Round 3: [2 sc, (sc, hdc, sc) in hdc, 2 sc] 4x, sl st to 1st sc, ch 1, TURN.

Round 4: [3 sc, (sc, hdc, sc) in hdc, 2 sc] 4x, sl st to 1st sc, ch 1, TURN.

Round 5: [3 sc, (sc, hdc, sc) in hdc, 4 sc] 4x, sl st to 1st sc.

Continue in this manner until desired size is achieved. Break off and weave in ends.

//Pattern Ends//


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The FOUNDATION CH and ROUND 1 is similar to the Basic Sc Square. The difference in ROUND 2 is the use of HDC instead of an SC in the corner.The hdc's are highlighted in RED.Go on this way until desired size is attained.The result is a sharper square.Consider changing colors between rounds for more excitement.
The FOUNDATION CH and ROUND 1 is similar to the Basic Sc Square. The difference in ROUND 2 is the use of HDC instead of an SC in the corner.
The FOUNDATION CH and ROUND 1 is similar to the Basic Sc Square. The difference in ROUND 2 is the use of HDC instead of an SC in the corner. | Source
The hdc's are highlighted in RED.
The hdc's are highlighted in RED. | Source
Go on this way until desired size is attained.
Go on this way until desired size is attained. | Source
The result is a sharper square.
The result is a sharper square. | Source
Consider changing colors between rounds for more excitement.
Consider changing colors between rounds for more excitement. | Source

HOT HOT HOT Pad #1

Measurements:

Each side measures 6 inches.

Gauge is 2 sc's per inch.

However, your finished hot pad might have a slightly different measurement depending on your materials.

Materials and Tools:

You need not follow this tools and materials per se since the pattern is easy to modify based on what you have. Anyway, here's what I used:

  • t-shirt yarn cut into 1-inch strip (or any bulky yarn)
  • 11.50mm plastic hook (or a hook suitable to your chosen yarn, just as long as you make tight stitches)
  • 5.00mm hook for hiding loose ends (since I don't have a tapestry needle that could accommodate such a thick tarn)

If you are interested in making tarn, the video floating right will show you how.

HOT HOT HOT Pad #1 is modified from the SHARP SQUARE pattern.
HOT HOT HOT Pad #1 is modified from the SHARP SQUARE pattern. | Source
HOT HOT HOT Pad #1 Chart Pattern
HOT HOT HOT Pad #1 Chart Pattern | Source

Sharp Sc Square Pattern (Worked in a Spiral)

The sharp square can also be worked in a spiral. It looks a bit different when worked this way because there's no "line" every two rounds. It looks continuous. I like it.

But this one needs to be blocked because it tends to curl up. That seems to be the problem when you work in a spiral. (I included a helpful video on blocking. See below.)

We'll need a stitch marker for this one to remember where each round begins.

Here's the pattern.

//Pattern Begins//

Foundation Chain: Ch 2.

Round 1: 8 sc in A, sl st to 1st sc, DO NOT TURN.

Round 2: [Sc, (sc, hdc, sc) in next sc] 4x, sl st to 1st sc, DO NOT TURN.

Round 3: [2 sc, (sc, hdc, sc) in hdc, 2 sc] 4x, sl st to 1st sc, DO NOT TURN.

Round 4: [3 sc, (sc, hdc, sc) in hdc, 2 sc] 4x, sl st to 1st sc, DO NOT TURN.

Round 5: [3 sc, (sc, hdc, sc) in hdc, 4 sc] 4x, sl st to 1st sc.

Continue until desired size is reached. Break off and weave in ends.

//Pattern Ends//

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Ch 2. The first ch is referred to as A and will serve as the center of the square.8 sc in A. DO NOT sl st to the first sc. Work the next round on the first sc without turning.The RED arrow shows the direction. Use a STITCH MARKER to mark the beginning of this round.The square is now being worked in a spiral.Carry on this way until desired size is reached.The Spiral Square tends to curl up, though. Blocking maybe required.
Ch 2. The first ch is referred to as A and will serve as the center of the square.
Ch 2. The first ch is referred to as A and will serve as the center of the square. | Source
8 sc in A. DO NOT sl st to the first sc. Work the next round on the first sc without turning.
8 sc in A. DO NOT sl st to the first sc. Work the next round on the first sc without turning. | Source
The RED arrow shows the direction. Use a STITCH MARKER to mark the beginning of this round.
The RED arrow shows the direction. Use a STITCH MARKER to mark the beginning of this round. | Source
The square is now being worked in a spiral.
The square is now being worked in a spiral. | Source
Carry on this way until desired size is reached.
Carry on this way until desired size is reached. | Source
The Spiral Square tends to curl up, though. Blocking maybe required.
The Spiral Square tends to curl up, though. Blocking maybe required. | Source

HOT HOT HOT Pad #2

Almost the same measurements, materials and tools as HOT HOT HOT Pad #1.

The black tarn used to define the spiral is optional.

Hot Hot Hot Pad #2 - I slip-stitched the spiral.
Hot Hot Hot Pad #2 - I slip-stitched the spiral.
Here's how it looks from the other side.
Here's how it looks from the other side.
Without the slip stitch, it looks like this on one side...
Without the slip stitch, it looks like this on one side...
And like this on the other side.
And like this on the other side.
HOT HOT HOT Pad #2 Chart Pattern
HOT HOT HOT Pad #2 Chart Pattern
HOT HOT HOT Pad #2 Chart Pattern - The green dots shows where the slip stitches are.
HOT HOT HOT Pad #2 Chart Pattern - The green dots shows where the slip stitches are. | Source

Sharp Sc Square Pattern (Worked in Rows Diagonally)

Another way to make an sc square is to work it in rows diagonally. The square is made by increasing along the diagonal of the square.

Here's the pattern.

//Pattern Begins//

Foundation Chain: Ch 2.

Round 1: (Sc, hdc, sc) in the very first ch,ch 1, TURN.

Round 2: Sc, (sc, hdc, sc) in hdc, sc, ch 1, TURN.

Round 3: 2 sc, (sc, hdc, sc) in hdc, 2 sc, ch 1, TURN.

Round 4: 3 sc, (sc, hdc, sc) in hdc, 3 sc, ch 1, TURN.

Round 5: 4 sc, (sc, hdc, sc) in hdc, 4 sc, ch 1, TURN.

The chart pattern shows how to work it until10 rows. Continue until desired size is reached. Break off and weave in ends.

//Pattern Ends//

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Ch 2. The very first ch will serve as one corner of the square.(Sc, hdc, sc) in the first ch. The hdc lies on the diagonal of the square.Increase the size of the square by working an sc-hdc-sc on the hdc and sc's on sc.Continue working this way until desired size.The Diagonal Square will lie flat because it is worked back and forth.However, depending on the tension in which you crochet, this square might need some blocking.The Diagonal Square in 10 rows.
Ch 2. The very first ch will serve as one corner of the square.
Ch 2. The very first ch will serve as one corner of the square. | Source
(Sc, hdc, sc) in the first ch. The hdc lies on the diagonal of the square.
(Sc, hdc, sc) in the first ch. The hdc lies on the diagonal of the square. | Source
Increase the size of the square by working an sc-hdc-sc on the hdc and sc's on sc.
Increase the size of the square by working an sc-hdc-sc on the hdc and sc's on sc. | Source
Continue working this way until desired size.
Continue working this way until desired size. | Source
The Diagonal Square will lie flat because it is worked back and forth.
The Diagonal Square will lie flat because it is worked back and forth. | Source
However, depending on the tension in which you crochet, this square might need some blocking.
However, depending on the tension in which you crochet, this square might need some blocking. | Source
The Diagonal Square in 10 rows.
The Diagonal Square in 10 rows. | Source

HOT HOT HOT Pad #3

Same measurements, materials and tools as HOT HOT HOT Pad #1.

HOT HOT HOT Pad #3
HOT HOT HOT Pad #3 | Source
HOT HOT HOT Pad #3 Chart Pattern
HOT HOT HOT Pad #3 Chart Pattern

RECOMMENDED VIDEOS:

I've put up this video collection of tutorials that are essential in crocheting squares.

1st Video: How to Block Crochet

Whatever your crochet skill level, crochet just curls at the edges when its fresh off the hook. Blocking it will help set the stitches properly. For this collection of square sc patterns, the square worked in a spiral needs the most blocking.

Personally, I don't block because I mostly work with plarn (yarn made with plastic bags) and tarn (yarn made from T-shirts). A little tug here and there will suffice. Plarn is also blocked in a different manner. At times, I work with crochet thread and it really needs a bit of help when it comes to shaping.

This video is a bit shaky, but out of the videos on YouTube, this one is the most helpful.

2nd Video: How to Change Colors

Crochet squares become more captivating if you play around with colors.

This video shows exactly how I change colors and hide loose ends. It's a plus that the video is done so professionally. The catch is - it's a bit long.

3rd Video: How to Join Squares

When you have crocheted lots of squares, the next thing you might want to do is to join them to form an afghan, perhaps.

This video shows how to join squares by using slip stitches and sc's. The choice is up to you.

Photo Gallery: Beautiful Square Patterns from 101 Crochet Squares

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Square 3Square 6Square 10Square 17Square 22Square 38Square 61Square 67
Square 3
Square 3 | Source
Square 6
Square 6 | Source
Square 10
Square 10 | Source
Square 17
Square 17 | Source
Square 22
Square 22 | Source
Square 38
Square 38 | Source
Square 61
Square 61 | Source
Square 67
Square 67 | Source

Recommended Book on Amazon: 101 CROCHET SQUARES by Jean Leinhauser

As I was researching for square patterns on Ravelry to recommend, I noticed that most of the squares I clicked were by Jean Leinhauser. I looked a little farther and learned that she published a book on crochet squares.

Instead of recommending crochet square patterns, I'm recommending the book. The patterns are just so amazing, just look at the photos (floating right) of some of the squares.

However, the book was published way back in '96 when publishers gave more consideration to space than attractive layout. The pictures are mostly in black and white and they are not next to the instructions.

101 Crochet Squares (#1216)
101 Crochet Squares (#1216)

It's not the best assembled book but the crochet squares are beautiful and rarely repeats. (SEE THE PHOTOS).

 

More by this Author


I LOVE Comments! 4 comments

MoiraCrochets profile image

MoiraCrochets 4 years ago from Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines Author

Thank you, Patrice. You give such nice comments. ",)


PWalker281 4 years ago

Who knew there were so many different ways to crochet a square? :-).

This reminds me of one of the first afghans I ever crocheted. It was made up of granny squares sewn together, but I wanted to add a border. So I simply crocheted several rows around the edge of the afghan. Except I didn't know at the time that I needed to crochet 3 stitches in each corner to maintain the square shape. So the shape of the finished afghan, a gift for a friend, was a little "wonky." But she loved it anyway and has had it for over 30 years.

Great hub as usual, Moira. Voted up, useful, interesting and shared. Hope all is well in the Philippines.


MoiraCrochets profile image

MoiraCrochets 4 years ago from Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines Author

I'm glad you feel that way. And I hope this will really help you.


Joy56 profile image

Joy56 4 years ago

How did you know I needed to learn how to crochet..... This hub must have been written just for me.....

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