How to Make a Duck® (Duct) Tape Rose

The HubPages Rose

This rose contains 50 petals, one for each of the articles the author has published on HubPages.
This rose contains 50 petals, one for each of the articles the author has published on HubPages. | Source

Why use Duck® Tape?

Duck® Tape, the registered trademark of a brand of tape — duct tape — distributed by ShurTech Brands, LLC of Avon, Ohio, is a fantastic medium for family craft projects.

The tape comes in more than 40 solid colors and patterns, including a number of college logos. There are so many fun things one can make using it—anywhere from wallets to full suits of clothing for men to dresses for women.

Information about the history of Duck Tape® can be found by reading my Hub How to Make a Duck® (Duck) Tape Hair Bow.


Why make a Duck Tape® Rose?

Roses are the perfect gift — for birthdays, anniversaries, Mother’s Day, thanking readers upon the publication of one’s 50th Hub on HubPages.

If you present a Duck Tape® rose to someone, the recipient will have a lasting remembrance of the occasion. Handmade gifts are always appreciated for the care and thoughtfulness they show.

In this article, the author will explain, with step-by-step instructions and accompanying photographs, how to create the HubPages Rose.

Supplies Needed for the Duck® Tape Rose Project

  • Duck® Tape in one’s choice of “flower-like” colors
  • Green Duck® Tape for the stem and leaves
  • Scissors with Non-Stick Blades
    The author recommends that only scissors with coated blades be used. The tape will stick to scissor blades that are not coated.
  • Plastic ruler (12” to 18” long)
  • Wooden dowels (1/8” x 36”)
    If you purchase the longer dowels, you can easily cut them with a pair of scissors, and you’ll have greater flexibility in the length of the flower stems you can create.

Duck® Tape, wooden dowels, and scissors with non-stick blades.
Duck® Tape, wooden dowels, and scissors with non-stick blades. | Source
A 9" piece of wooden dowel on a strip of green tape, sticky side up.
A 9" piece of wooden dowel on a strip of green tape, sticky side up. | Source
The yellow tape used for the center of the rose applied to the dowel.
The yellow tape used for the center of the rose applied to the dowel. | Source
Tape pieces sticky side up. The bottom left image shows one top corner folded down to the center of a piece of tape. The bottom right image shows the corresponding top corner folded down to the center of the tape.
Tape pieces sticky side up. The bottom left image shows one top corner folded down to the center of a piece of tape. The bottom right image shows the corresponding top corner folded down to the center of the tape. | Source
Detail of the 50 rose petals.
Detail of the 50 rose petals. | Source
Detail of the green tape covering the bottom of the yellow taped area.
Detail of the green tape covering the bottom of the yellow taped area. | Source

How to Create the HubPages Rose

  1. Cut a 1/8” x 36” wooden dowel to the desired length. The scissors used for cutting the tape will easily cut the dowel. For the HubPages Rose, the author used a 9" piece of wooden dowel for the stem.
  2. Cover the dowel with green Duck® Tape. (The author used the color Green Clover™.) The best way to cover the dowel is to cut a strip of tape that is slightly longer than the dowel. Place the tape sticky side up of your work surface and roll the dowel onto the tape. Refer to the photo in the right column.
  3. Using the flower color you have chosen, cut 11 pieces of Duck® Tape 2" long and place them sticky side up on your work surface. One piece will be used to create the center of your flower. The others will be used to create your rose petals. You will need more than 10 pieces of tape for the petals, but you don't want to have too many pieces of sticky tape on your work table all at once. (The author used Sunburst Yellow™ tape.)
  4. Fold one of the top corners of tape down to the center.
  5. Fold the other top corner of tape down to the center.
  6. Tightly roll the tape onto one end of the dowel. This tape will form the center of the flower. Refer to the photo in the right column
  7. Fold the remaining 2” pieces of tape — the rose petals — in the same manner, and apply them loosely to the rose stem. (If you don’t like the placement of a petal, you can gently remove it and reapply it to the flower stem.)
  8. Cut 10 more 2” pieces of tape and apply them to the stem. Continue this process of adding petals to the flower until the rose has the “look” that you prefer.
  9. Cut four or five 2” pieces of the same green Duck® Tape that you used for the stem. Fold the green tape in the same manner that you folded the tape used for the flower petals.
  10. Apply the green tape to the flower stem, covering up the tape marks of the bottom-most flower petals.
  11. Add a ribbon to your HubPages Duck® Tape Rose and place it in the vase of your choice.

Since this in the 50th article that the author has published for HubPages, the author chose to commemorate the event by making her HubPages Rose with 50 rose petals.




Have you ever used Duck Tape® in a craft project?

See results without voting

More by this Author


Comments 79 comments

tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 4 years ago from New York

Excellent! You give really good directions on how to make this rose. I, too wrote a hub about duct tape...it is sooo universal. I'm sure this hub could be used for lots of crafts and may even be a springboard for more duct tape uses. Voted up!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mary (tillsontitan),

Thanks for reading my Hub and commenting in it.

There are so many craft items and items of practical use that can be made with Duck® Tape. I've already published a craft "how-to" article explaining how to make a Duck® Tape hair bow, and I'm planning one on making a Duck® Tape wallet.


sen.sush23 profile image

sen.sush23 4 years ago from Kolkata, India

Dsisy, this is just so beautiful. Really easy to make too, you have some wonderful craft ideas. I sure want to give this a try. Congrats on that milestone- its really deserved being commemorated. Voted up and interesting.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Sushmita (sen.sush23),

Thanks for your very kind words. I wanted to commemorate the milestone in a special way.

Is Duck® Tape in colors available in Calcutta?


Angelo52 profile image

Angelo52 4 years ago from Central Florida

Neat idea and well explained. Excellent craft with duck tape.


wordscribe43 profile image

wordscribe43 4 years ago from Pacific Northwest, USA

Oh... wow! That is so creative and beautiful. I run the art literacy program at my school and this could be a great project. Thanks for sharing!


Beth100 profile image

Beth100 4 years ago from Canada

Beautiful! This is a great craft. Thanks for the idea!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Angelo52,

It's nice to meet you. I'm glad you enjoyed reading my Hub.

Have you done any craft projects using Duck® Tape?


ChaplinSpeaks profile image

ChaplinSpeaks 4 years ago from Charleston, South Carolina

Congratulations on Hub #50! What a perfect way to celebrate - with a 50 petal rose! Awesome.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

wordscribe43,

It's nice to meet you. I taught arts and crafts classes at a Michaels store for a number of years. Both the children and adults in my classes liked using Duck® Tape as a craft medium.

Have you seen my article describing how to make a Duck® Tape hair bow? That's another fun project.

If you use my Duck® Tape rose project at your school, please post another comment.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Angela,

Thanks for reading my article. Are you going to make the Duck® Tape rose? If you do, please post another comment after you finish the project.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

ChaplinSpeaks,

Thanks very much for commenting. I thought for a long time about what to use as the subject for my 50th Hub. Since I've been writing "how-to" craft Hubs recently, I thought I'd try to create a rose with 50 petals.


cclitgirl profile image

cclitgirl 4 years ago from Western NC

I love your rose! Beautiful job and it makes me think of "happiness" :) Thanks for sharing this. It's a really well-done hub! :)


Movie Master profile image

Movie Master 4 years ago from United Kingdom

Congratulations on 50 hubs!

This rose is fabulous, what a great idea thank you and voted up!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Cyndi,

Thanks for your kind words and for consistently reading my newly-published Hubs. I appreciate your support very much.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Lesley,

Thanks so much for commenting. I'm glad you like the rose.


K9keystrokes profile image

K9keystrokes 4 years ago from Northern, California

Simply stated; Perfection! Classy way to say thanks and to celebrate your 50TH hub at the same time! Your step-by-step picture directions are just awesome, Daisy. Really well done, and a big congrats on #50!

HubHugs~


Sunshine625 profile image

Sunshine625 4 years ago from Orlando, FL

Congrats on your 50th hub!! A duck tape rose is a unique way to celebrate!:)


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

India (K9keystrokes),

Thanks for your very kinds words. I spent a lot of time deciding how to commemorate my writing and publishing my 50th Hub.

I wanted, as you said, to do something *classy.* I hope I've succeeded with my HubPages Rose.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Sunshine,

Thanks for your good wishes. A Duck® Tape rose is, as you've said, a unique way to commemorate the publication of my 50th Hub. What makes my rose even more special is that there is one petal for every Hub that I've published.


homesteadbound profile image

homesteadbound 4 years ago from Texas

How cool is that!?! Not only a cool way to celebrate your 50th, but also a cool thing to do with duck tape. Congratulations on your 50th hub, and here's to many more!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Cindy,

Thanks for commenting in another of my Hubs. I appreciate it.

I wanted to do something special for my 50th Hub. Judging from the comments I've been receiving since I published it, it looks as though I've succeeded.


Jamie Brock profile image

Jamie Brock 4 years ago from Texas

These duck tape roses are absolutely gorgeous, Daisy!! Thank you so much for sharing this tutorial.. voting way up!


alocsin profile image

alocsin 4 years ago from Orange County, CA

What a beautiful idea for your 50th hub. Congratulations. Duct tape also comes in so many color so you can make a colorful bouquet. Voting this Up and Useful.


DeborahNeyens profile image

DeborahNeyens 4 years ago from Iowa

I think I like the rose even better than the hair bow, Daisy. Congratulations on your 50th and here's to many more!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Jamie,

Thanks for reading and commenting in my Hub. I'm so glad you like my HubPages Rose.

I've created craft flowers in several media, and have used Duck® Tape in a number of projects, but this was my first Duck® Tape flower.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Aurelio,

Thanks for commenting in another of my articles. I'm glad you liked my unusual idea for a 50th Hub. I wonder what I'll come up for my 100th Hub.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Deb,

Thanks for reading and commenting in my Hub. I can't decide which of my Duck® Tape projects I like better...the hair bow or the rose. They're so different from each other.

In my photograph at the top of my article, the HubPages Rose is in good company...it's in a Wedgwood vase decorated with a ribbon from a basket of Godiva chocolates.


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 4 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA

Another cute Duck tape idea! How creative!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Rebecca,

Thanks for commenting. I'm glad you liked my HubPages Rose.


cardelean profile image

cardelean 4 years ago from Michigan

What a fantastic way to celebrate your 50th hub! You have great step by step instructions and photos. Nicely done.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Cara,

Thanks for reading another of my Hubs and commenting in it. I wanted to do something special for my 50th Hub, something a bit unusual.

A yellow rose bloomed in my garden today that looked similar to the HubPages Rose. It surprised me, because I don't remember seeing a rose in my garden before today that looked like that one.


cardelean profile image

cardelean 4 years ago from Michigan

Isn't that amazing! What a great additional tribute to your hard work!


Beth100 profile image

Beth100 4 years ago from Canada

I tried this with my kids this past weekend.... It was a ton of fun!! But, the roses didn't quite turn out as beautiful as yours. Probably because we ended up having a Duct tape fight -- sticky problems that became fun! :)


cardelean profile image

cardelean 4 years ago from Michigan

Haha Beth, that's so funny! I'm going to make the bow with my daughter this weekend and then with some of my students on Monday. Hope we don't end up with a duct tape fight!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Angela,

Thanks so much for letting everyone know how your Duck® Tape project with your kids turned out. It sounds like your children and you had a lot of fun.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Cara,

Thanks for visiting again. Are you going to make a Hello Kitty bow? Or did your daughter choose a different tape?

Please let us know how the bow turns out.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Cara,

I think it's great that you are going to make Duck® Tape roses with some of your students! A *tape fight* wouldn't be so bad...it would be a lot worse if it was a painting project.

Please let everyone know how the project turns out.


Beth100 profile image

Beth100 4 years ago from Canada

@ Daisy -- it was a ton of fun! I might just try it again, but let's just say, I think that we have to let the dog recover first. :D

@ Cara -- ha ha it was hilarious! Our long coated shepherd got right into it! He was snapping Duct tape off the table and it was stuck all over his paws. :D Your students will, no doubt, be better behaved! And, they will thoroughly enjoy this project. I can imagine the smiles on their parents' faces when they give them the rose! How sweet!

@ Daisy -- wonderful, wonderful project!! I highly recommend this and have shared this with a few friends. :)


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Angela,

I think it's absolutely wonderful that you followed the instructions in my article and created a Duck® Tape rose! Did you make than one rose? What color tape did you use?


Beth100 profile image

Beth100 4 years ago from Canada

We used red for the petals, green for the stem and leaves -- trying to make a bouquet of red long stemmed roses. :) My son finished his Duck Tape wallet at school right before Christmas -- he used silver, black and gold. Pretty cool! :) We've always loved Duck Tape, but the projects give us even more reasons to love this stuff!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Angela,

Thanks for stopping by again. Making a bouquet of long-stemmed Duck® Tape roses is an ambitious undertaking...especially if you have a dog that wants to help you.

Instructions for making a Duck® Tape wallet are on my "to write" list. We made the wallets while I was teaching classes at a Michaels arts and crafts store. The kids had a lot of fun with that project.


Beth100 profile image

Beth100 4 years ago from Canada

I can harldy wait for the next Duck Tape project installment!!! :)


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Angela,

Hopefully, my next Duck® Tape project will be published before your dog destroys...or is covered in...your tape!


KDuBarry03 4 years ago

Very awesome stuff! People can definitely make numerous amounts of these to add to their duck tape dresses :0 My friend used to do this all the time in high school and it definitely is fun.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Keith,

Thanks for reading and commenting in another of my Hubs.

A number of Hubbers have written articles to commenorate the publication of their 50th Hub. I thought that making a Duck Tape® rose with 50 petals would be a different way to do it.


Jeannieinabottle profile image

Jeannieinabottle 4 years ago from Baltimore, MD

Your duct tape hubs are so awesome. This makes me want to run out and buy a bunch of duct tape. Great hub and voted up!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Jeannie,

Thanks for reading my Duck® Tape Hubs and commenting in this one. I'm glad you've enjoyed my articles.

If you buy just two colors of Duck® Tape, you'll have enough tape for a few wallets and hair bows. You can give them as stocking stuffers for Christmas.


ishwaryaa22 profile image

ishwaryaa22 4 years ago from Chennai, India

A creatively wonderful hub! Your instructions are clear and your step-by-step photos are helpful. The final result is amazing! Your rose looked very vibrant and pretty! I see that duct tape is indeed versatile ( I read your wallet hub) Well-done!

Thanks for SHARING. Useful, Awesome & Interesting. Voted up, pinned & socially shared on HP & Facebook


poetvix profile image

poetvix 4 years ago from Gone from Texas but still in the south. Surrounded by God's country.

Thank you! I needed a project for my students to make about 200 way affordable gifts for teachers. This will be great. Instead of the dowel rods we will use pens and otherwise follow you're brilliant layout here. The students can use technology to access this hub and then use your instructions to create a product we will then distribute. You made my morning and helped my wallet! Thanks!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Ish (ishwaryaa22),

Thanks for reading, commenting in, pinning, and sharing my article. I appreciate your continued support of my work.

I have some other craft project ideas for using the tape. Perhaps I should write another Duck® Tape "how-to" article.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

poetvix,

It's nice to meet you. I'm so glad you found my article helpful and that you're going to use my project with your students. Please post another comment after your students have made the flowers.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mahua,

It's nice to meet you. Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. If you like to do craft projects, I hope you'll have time to read some of my other "how-to" articles.


Sunshine625 profile image

Sunshine625 4 years ago from Orlando, FL

My cousin posted on Facebook this week that she's going broke because her daughters are so addicted to duck tape projects. I thought that you'd appreciate that story.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Linda (Sunshine625),

Thanks for sharing that anecdote. A roll of Duck® Tape goes a long way. Your cousin's daughters must spend hours on their craft projects if they're using a lot of tape.


livingsta profile image

livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom

An interesting hub and an interesting way to celebrate your 50th hub. Thank you for sharing your ideas with us. Votes up and sharing!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Dahlia (livingsta),

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub.


kellyteam profile image

kellyteam 3 years ago from Michigan

Beautiful and very creative! this truly deserves a share. Thanks for sharing! Voted up awesome and sharing! Congrats on the 50 hubs!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Willette (kellyteam),

Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub. I appreciate your very kind words.


Anamika S profile image

Anamika S 3 years ago from Mumbai - Maharashtra, India

Awesome tutorial, voted up!


marcoujor profile image

marcoujor 3 years ago from Jeffersonville PA

Dear Daisy,

What a creative, thoughtful and absolutely beautiful craft project.

With your meticulous detail, this seems very doable to me. I shall look forward to trying at some point, as roses are one of my favorites.

This is yet another reason to me why "50" is so fabulous...great job.

Voted UP and UABI. Hugs, Maria


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Anamika,

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment.

Making 50 rose petals was time-consuming. I was tempted to stop at 25 and have each petal represent two articles, but that just didn't seem honest.

I wanted to do something meaningful for my 50th article. Every time I see the rose on a display shelf at home, I think of HubPages.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Maria (marcoujor),

Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it. If anyone would have seen me making the rose, they would have had a few laughs.

I did a little bit of the project, wrote what I did on a pad of paper, took some photographs, did some more of the project, wrote what I did, took more photographs, etc.

Have you read my Duck® Tape wallet project instructions? Making the wallet is another fun project.


marcoujor profile image

marcoujor 3 years ago from Jeffersonville PA

No, Daisy, but I plan to, along with your hair barrette piece, which looks wonderful too!

If you promise not to laugh at me, when I am in " creative mode", I will do the same...genius takes much concentration (LOL).

Have a beautiful Sunday. Hugs, Maria


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Maria (marcoujor),

Thanks for stopping by again.

Creativity takes many forms...craft projects, painting, photography, poetry...


mary615 profile image

mary615 2 years ago from Florida

I would find it hard to live without Duct tape! I wish these nice colors had been around when my kids were young. I have bookmarked this Hub so I won't forget how you made these beautiful roses! I also posted on my FB wall for my kids who now have kids of their own!!

Voted UP, etc. and will share here and Google +, also Pinned to my crafts board.


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 2 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA

Still a cool Hub! Love it!


teaches12345 profile image

teaches12345 2 years ago

I was looking for a new idea for my next tea party. This will make lovely accents on the table. Thanks for sharing.


ChitrangadaSharan profile image

ChitrangadaSharan 2 years ago from New Delhi, India

Very creative idea of celebrating the '50' hubs! Your craft work looks neat and the instructions are so well written. I would like to try this for sure.

The yellow color looks perfect for this creative work. Voted up and pinned!


pstraubie48 profile image

pstraubie48 2 years ago from sunny Florida

How clever that is. I am not the craft one in our family so will be sharing with my daughter. She will have fun with this project.

Angels are on the way to you this morning ps


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mary,

Thanks for visiting again. Thanks, too, for sharing and pinning my Hub. I even see the tape in colors in stores such as Home Depot, rather than just the rolls of silver-colored tape.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Rebecca,

It's nice to "see" you again. I wish I had more time for craft work and publishing "how-to" articles. There doesn't seem to be enough hours in the day for me.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Dianna (teaches12345),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. Creating roses to use as décor at your tea party is a great idea! Please let us know how your table accents turn out.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Chitrangada,

Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it. The rose was a lot of fun to create. I stopped frequently to take the photographs and jot down some notes. I didn't want to wait until I had completed the project. I was afraid I wouldn't remember all the steps.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Patricia (pstraubie48),

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. I hope your daughter enjoys making the roses.


Vellur profile image

Vellur 2 years ago from Dubai

Lovely duct tape rose! Have never made a duct tape rose, will try now. It is definitely a great idea for a gift! voted up.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Nithya (Vellur),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. The duct tape rose is a fun craft project. I'm glad you're going to make a rose.


mdscoggins profile image

mdscoggins 2 years ago from Fresno, CA

Hi Daisy, my daughter is a fantastic duct tape artist. She has made backpacks, purses and wallets. Buy her some tape and she comes back with a masterpiece. Great article :)


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Michelle (mdscoggins),

It's nice to meet you. Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. I've published two other Duck Tape® craft articles, one for making hair bows, and the other for making wallets.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working