How to Thread the Janome 1100D Serger Sewing Machine

Janome Company Logo
Janome Company Logo | Source
Sergers create an overlock stitch.
Sergers create an overlock stitch. | Source

Janome sergers are made by the Janome Sewing Machine Company, which is based in Tokyo, Japan. The word "janome" translates to "eye of the snake." Their sergers are durable sewing machines and come in many styles from compact models to complex cover stitch machines. While each differ in accessories and special features, most are 2-3-4 thread serger models, with a few being 3-4 thread machines.

Threading the Janome 1100D

The Janome 1100D is a four-thread overlock serger with an automatic tension system. In case you lost the manual, here is how to thread the serger. When in doubt, follow the guide on the panel and remember: Lower Looper, Upper Looper, Right Needle, Left Needle -- in that order.

  1. Open the looper cover plate and the side cover to access the serger loopers.
  2. Place the cones of serger thread on the thread pins.
  3. Draw up the thread for the lower looper and place it through the far right thread guide. Follow through to the looper thread guide and insert the thread between the tension disks. Pull up on the thread to fully insert the lower looper thread into them. Follow the thread path to the lower looper thread guide on the bottom, then to the looper take-up lever. Turn the handwheel counterclockwise slowly toward you until the lower looper goes to the left side. Using tweezers to help you, thread the lower looper bottom thread guide, then pull it back about 4 inches behind the serger sewing machine.
  4. Grasp the end of the upper looper thread and pass it through the thread guide groove next to the lower looper one, the second from the right. Draw it through the upper looper thread guide, then firmly through the tension disks, lifting up until the thread is in place. Pass the thread through the upper looper thread take-up lever. Pull to follow it through the upper looper thread guide and the looper itself. Turn the handwheel counterclockwise toward you until the upper looper comes to the center, just until the lower looper removes itself from the top of the lower looper. Place the end of the thread through the upper looper, and pull out about 4 inches behind the machine.
  5. Pull the end of the thread from the cone second to the left to begin threading the right needle. Draw it through the thread guide at the top and bring it down to the tension disks.Ensure the thread is firmly in place by pulling up on the thread. Bring the needle bar to its highest position and place the end of the thread through the thread take-up lever cover. Draw it through the needle bar thread guides and through the right needle, going from front to back. Pull the thread about 4 inches behind the serger sewing machine.
  6. Grasp the end of the last serger cone thread and pull it through the thread guide at the top, then down to the tension disks, ensuring it is firmly between the two disks. Pull the end of the thread and pass it through the needle thread guides, then through the left needle. Pull the end about 4 inches behind the machine.
  7. Pull all threads behind the machine, and lower the presser foot. Close the covers and hand chain a few stitches.

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