Photography-Sporting shots with standard lens 45-55 mm

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Careful preparation is important

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Do not waste film photographing the goal at the other end of the ground

If you enjoy playing or watching sport this is for you, and if you are in a team then put your knowledge of the sport to use when using your camera. Knowing the rules of the game, and what is likely to happen, means you can be in the right place at the right time.

Getting close to the action is often a problem and with a standard lens (45-55mm) you must be patient and let the action come to you. Wait the rugby scrum or line out fills the viewfinder before you click the shutter. Do not waste film photographing the goal at the other end of the ground.

In addition to photographing the game, remember that the cheering, waving supporters around you make good subjects. Also, pictures of the school team before the match start will be treasured possessions in years to come, but do write the teams’ names on the back of the print.

Careful preparation is important. Before you leave home, make sure that you have a fast film with you (ISO 400) and do not forget to set the correct speed at 1/500th of a second. Work within the limitations of your camera. For instance, for safety reasons, it is very difficult to get close enough to car or motorcycle racing to photograph these with a standard lens. So go for the sports you can get close to.

Running

Pre-focus on the tape at the finishing line and press the shutter release as the winner reaches it. People moving towards you can be photographed successfully at a slower shutter speed (1/60 second) than when they are running past you. Take pictures of the start, feet in the blocks, heads up.

Sailing

The best pictures are taken from another boat. Spinnakers are colorful, but wait until the wind fills the sail.

Indoor sports

Use a fast film, but do not use flash. It is distracting and is usually not permitted.

High jump or pole vault

Frame the uprights and the bar against the sky and pre-focus on the bar. Press the shutter release as the competitor floats over or knocks the bar.

Hang gliding

Wait until the hang glider is close enough to fill the viewfinder, usually just after take –off or when about to land. Do photograph the activity before the take –off as well, and use the prints to make a picture story. The same comments apply to ballooning.

nicon camera

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Compact cameras have a built in automatic electronic flash

There are times when the available light is not enough to allow you take picture indoors, and so the modern, small electronic flash unit is a very useful additional light source.

Many compact cameras have a built –in automatic electronic flash, useful up to a distance of 4 meters (13 feet) from camera to subject.

It is sensible to start with a small, fixed head unit, getting to know what it will do for you and how it operates, before moving on to the rotating head units.

All flash units are capable of producing excellent results provide you understand that, unlike daylight photography, the light from the flash will only illuminate a certain area, usually about 4 meters (13 feet), before the light levels falls rapidly.

Small, compact and usually with two batteries on the back of the unit shows which aperture to use, depending on the distance from the subject and he film speed.

*One set of batteries should give about 200 flashes. Here’s how to use it:

*Attach flash to camera

*Plug cord into the camera socket marked `X’.

*Set the ISO speed of your film on your camera and on the flash unit.

*Set the shutter speed on your camera at the recommended speed for flash photography (usually 1/ 60th second), marked in red on the shutter speed dial. This is MUST.

*Focus the camera, checking your distance from the subject. Check what aperture you should use from the flash calculator.

*Set the aperture on the camera.

*Turn on the flash. Wait until the small orange or red `ready’ light appears.

*Take you picture.

In cold weather film becomes brittle and may tear. Advance film by moving the advance lever slowly. Forcing the wind-on lever at end of film can also tear your film. If film is torn, or is jammed for any reason, open camera in complete darkness (or take to nearest camera dealer). Re-wind the film manually and place in light – tight container. Tell the film processors that are torn.

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