Rijksmuseum (Amsterdam, Netherlands)

Jan Steen's "The Sick Woman" ("The Doctor and His Patient")  was painted c1665.
Jan Steen's "The Sick Woman" ("The Doctor and His Patient") was painted c1665. | Source

A Building Built as a Museum

One of the things I find particularly interesting about the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, Netherlands is that the building was constructed as a museum.

Art collections are often housed in buildings erected for other purposes—schools, churches, orphanages, office buildings, private residences—which have been adapted (renovated) for their new function.

The Rijksmuseum’s building is one of the few, and one of the first in Europe, to have been built expressly as a museum.

Jan Steen's "The Sick Woman" ("The Doctor and His Patient") was painted c1665. The work is in the public domain in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.

Formation of the Rijksmuseum

In 1795, the French Revolution put an end to the Dutch Republic, known as the United Provinces of the Netherlands. The Stadhholder (the ruling official), William V — William of Orange (Willem Batavus) —fled to England. The new Batavian Republic came under French control.

The National Art Gallery opened to the public in 1800. It originally occupied a 150-year-old summer palace, Huis ten Bos, near The Hague.

The House of Orange’s collection of paintings, ethnological specimens, and models illustrating physical laws was moved to Paris and absorbed by the Louvre. Other pieces from William of Orange’s collection were sold at auction by the new rulers.

Only 200 paintings of a historical nature and objects with historical associations were saved. These pieces, along with the National Art Gallery housed in Huis ten Bos, formed the basis for the Rijksmuseum.

The Batavian Republic and the Kingdom of Holland

Under foreign occupation, the country’s government became the Batavian Republic and then the Kingdom of Holland. Louis Bonaparte, brother of French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, was named king of the Kingdom of Holland. The Rijksmuseum’s collection experienced intensive growth during the reign of Louis Bonaparte, and Amsterdam became a cultural center.

United Kingdom of the Netherlands

French domination of what is now Netherlands came to an end in 1815. The United Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed. The sixth Prince of Orange returned to rule as King William I. The new king inaugurated an ambitious cultural program, which included the decision that the national museum would remain in Amsterdam, and not be moved to The Hague. King William I named the museum RijksmuseumMuseum of the Kingdom. Also at this time, confiscated works of art from the Louvre in Paris, France were returned to Amsterdam.

The Present-Day Rijksmuseum is Built

With the restoration of the confiscated paintings from France and the paintings acquired through purchases, it became increasingly apparent that new quarters were needed to house the Rijksmuseum’s collections. In 1862, a competition for the design of the country’s art museum was announced. Twenty-one architects entered the competition for the design of the building. Ten years later, the plan submitted by P. H. J. Cuypers was selected as the winning design. Construction took another ten years to complete. The Rijksmuseum opened in its new building on July 13, 1885.

Anthony van Dyck's "Prince William II and His Wife, Princess Mary Stuart"

Anthony van Dyck (1599 to 1641) was a Flemish Baroque painter who was best known for being the court painter to Charles I of England. Van Dyck painted "Prince William II and His Wife, Princess Mary Stuart" in 1641. Princess Mary, the eldest daughter of Charles I, was nine years old when she and Prince William II were married. The prince was 25 days short of his fifteenth birthday.

This painting of Prince William II and Princess Mary Stuart is in the public domain worldwide.
This painting of Prince William II and Princess Mary Stuart is in the public domain worldwide. | Source

Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn's "Self-Portrait as St. Paul"

Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (1606 to 1669) is one of my favorite painters. He is the most important painter in Dutch history and one of the greatest painters in Eurpean history. I like Rembrandt's work because of the way he uses. light.

His "Self-Portrait as St. Paul" was painted in 1661. It is one of many self-portraits Rembrandt painted.

Rembrandt van Rijn's "Self-Portrait as St. Paul," was completed in 1661. This work is in the public domain in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
Rembrandt van Rijn's "Self-Portrait as St. Paul," was completed in 1661. This work is in the public domain in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less. | Source

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Comments 33 comments

Docmo profile image

Docmo 4 years ago from UK

I couldn't help chuckling at my Doctor and the patient parody with you as the patient Daisy. Paula, Wesman and Jon sure look great as the respective characters. This is as usual turning out to be a brilliant series of art history and amusement. Your vast knowledge of art and museums has been put to good use and shared with the readers wonderfully well. Bravo!


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 4 years ago from New York

Voted up, funny, and awesome as always. Your history of the museum was fascinating and your choice of artwork lovely.

I do have to add though I think Effer's a little out of her element...a little girl from New York in those clothes! I think our humorist is more of a country girl...I don't want to say barefoot and pregnant but...

Besides, did you know Mary married William when she was nine? Maybe it was really Kentucky and not the Netherlands!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mohan (Docmo),

Thank you for reading my eighth painting parody Hub and for being the first person to comment. Thank you, too, Dr. Kumar, for collaborating with me on the parody of you as physician and me as patient. We'll have to collaborate on some more projects. ;-)

As you know, my four-year degree is in Fine Arts, with certification to teach all art subjects in Kindergarten through the twelfth grade. By writing my painting parody Hubs and creating the parodies using Photoshop, I'm finally using the knowledge I gained in college.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mary (tillsontitan),

Thanks for reading my Hub and commenting in it. I'm glad you enjoyed my article.

Effer fits in (stands out?) wherever she is. She's usually one of the first people to comment in my painting parody Hubs. I can't wait to hear what she has to say about this one.

I did know the history of Prince William II marrying Princess Mary Stuart when she was nine. You might have noticed that neither of the images involving Anthony van Dyck's painting has the title of the painitng below the image. The publishing filters wouldn't let me publish either image with the painting title included. I also had to slightly alter the title of the painting in the text capsule, eliminating the word *young*.


Sunshine625 profile image

Sunshine625 4 years ago from Orlando, FL

Very informative!! Your parodies are awesome!! Doc, Effer, Wes and Jon all somehow seem to fit right in! Well done! Like Tills I'm also looking forward to Effers reaction. I sent her a heads up!:)


Jools99 profile image

Jools99 4 years ago from North-East UK

Daisy, another fun hub! Great that you got Mohan to play a doctor :o) = art imitating life. I love all the others but my favorite of these is John - he's looking straight out of the painting and it looks great.


fpherj48 profile image

fpherj48 4 years ago from Beautiful Upstate New York

Someone sent me an invitation to this parody. I can't imagine why.

Yes, Miss Daisy, you are correct. Effer does fit in AND "stand out" where ever she is. I'm sure it is due to my sweet, demure and bashful personna...................(Just ONE wisecrack from anybody on that and you're DOG FOOD!!)

I must say.....I sure as hell don't look as much out-of-character as WES!!! ROFLMAO!!! If we were doing this for real, I swear we'd have to drug him to get him into that outfit!! Somehow, I just can't match that get-up with our GEEtar-strummin, down-home Texas boy!!

Sunshine......in the case of me and Wes........HE would have nine when we got married........I would have been 26. Perfect! I love it when they're young enough to TRAIN!!

Daisy.......I am honored to be in one of your ever-growing popular "Painting Parodies," hubs.

I can't wait to get that dress off so I can friggan BREATHE!!! My waistline hasn't been that small since I was 6.

Now of course I'm going to say that this is the best one yet!!

This is too much fun!!!!! UP & UP & UP


Wesman Todd Shaw profile image

Wesman Todd Shaw 4 years ago from Kaufman, Texas

Look at the NOSE on that feller!!!!!!!!

IMPOSSIBLE for someone that fugly to have such a pretty Lady!!!!!!!


fpherj48 profile image

fpherj48 4 years ago from Beautiful Upstate New York

WES...the REAL painting or the parody??? hahahahahahahaahahahah ROFLMAO.....I'm kidding I'm kidding!!


fpherj48 profile image

fpherj48 4 years ago from Beautiful Upstate New York

Til....you can say "barefoot..." but SLAP your mouth, you say PREGNANT!!


fpherj48 profile image

fpherj48 4 years ago from Beautiful Upstate New York

Daisy.....You look like an awfully healthy, happy, SICK woman!! I think you're faking!!!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Linda (Sunshine),

Thanks for reading and commenting in another of my Hubs. I appreciate your continued support.

This was such a fun group of parodies to create. I think I might try another collaborative parody some time.


Dexter Yarbrough profile image

Dexter Yarbrough 4 years ago from United States

I just love these!


DanaTeresa profile image

DanaTeresa 4 years ago from Ohio

Interesting as always. I look forward to reading these hubs of yours because I know there will be some great information and it wont be boring! The painting parodies made me smile on what is decidedly not a good evening for me. Thanks a bunch!


jonmcclusk profile image

jonmcclusk 4 years ago from Cinnaminson, New Jersey

Astounding, I found everyone's photograph to very amusing, I appreciate being included in your fantastic hub.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Julie (Jools99),

Thanks for reading and commenting in another of my Hubs. I appreciate your continued support.

When I was viewing the Rijksmuseum's collection, looking for paintings to use for parodies, I was reminded of Jan Steen's "The Sick Woman" ("The Doctor and His Patient"), a painting I hadn't seen for a while. I knew there was only one person who could serve as the model for the doctor... HubPages writer Dr. Mohan Kumar of Manchester, England.

I went to Mohan's Facebook wall, looking for a photograph I could use. Unfortunately, I didn't find anything suitable. I then messaged Mohan, asking him if he was interesting in collaborating on a painting parody. I sent the painting file to Mohan, asked him to include his photograph in the parody and then send the file back to me. When I received the file, I added my photo.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Paula (fpherj48),

Thanks for reading my Hub and commenting. Thanks, too, for being such a terrific model. Think of it...I used a teenager as the parody model for nine-year-old Princess Mary Stuart.

Regarding my appearing to be so happy in the painting... Paula, look who was holding my hand.

This reminds me of the time I was in college and had a huge project due in one of my art classes. I cut my non-art classes in order to have more time to work on the project.

When it was time to return to the classes I had cut, I didn't want to be marked absent and possibly penalized in the final grade I received for the course. I was taking an acting course that semester and had bought professional stage makeup in a shop on Broadway in New York. I applied the stage makeup, making myself appear to be ill. I then went to the medical department on campus, explained that I had been ill and had not been able to attend classes. The nurse gave me a form to give to the instructors in the classes I had missed, requesting that my records be noted as "excused from class" and not "absent." The nurse almost didn't issue the medical excuse form...I had done such a good job with the makeup, she thought I looked very ill.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Wesman,

Thanks for reading my Hub and commenting. Thanks, too, for serving as one of my models. Paula and you are a terrific-looking couple.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Dex,

It's good to "see" you again. I'm glad you enjoyed my parodies. This is the eigth painting parody Hub I've published. Have you had a chance to read any of the other articles and view the parodies?


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Dana,

Thanks for reading my Hub and commenting. I'm glad you enjoy my painting parody and art history articles. It's nice to be able to use the knowledge I gained studying Fine Arts in college.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Jon,

Thank you reading my article and commenting. Thanks, too, for being such a terrific Rembrandt.

Have you seen any of my other seven painting parody Hubs? If you haven't, you might like to start with "What is a Parody?"


teaches12345 profile image

teaches12345 4 years ago

It certainly took a long time to select the architects to restore it and the next ten years must have seemed like a lifetime to patrons back then. Great read and enjoying the hub series.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Dianna (teaches12345),

Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it, I appreciate your continued support.

Have you been to the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.? I just published a painting parody Hub for our national art museum.


Gypsy Rose Lee profile image

Gypsy Rose Lee 4 years ago from Riga, Latvia

Voted up and interesting. Another fascinating hub. Enjoy these much. Passing this on.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Rasma (Gypsy Rose Lee),

Thanks for reading, commenting in, and sharing my Hub. I appreciate your continued support of my art history and museum articles.


AudreyHowitt profile image

AudreyHowitt 3 years ago from California

What an interesting hub! I loved this museum!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Audrey,

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. There is such interesting history associated with the Rijksmuseum.


Thelma Alberts profile image

Thelma Alberts 3 years ago from Germany

What an interesting hub! I have been to Rijksmuseum years ago and it was very awesome looking at the paintings of great painters like Rembrandt. I could have just sit there for the whole day looking. The Night Watch painting of Rembrandt was the best for me. Thanks for sharing this hub to us. Voted up and shared.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Thelma,

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. A number of people have told me that their favorite painting in the Rijksmuseum is Rembrandt's Night Watch.


torrilynn profile image

torrilynn 3 years ago

fantastic hub. i never been to this museum but your

hub makes me want to plan a trip in the near future.

Voted up and shared.


Mike Robbers profile image

Mike Robbers 3 years ago from London

I was lucky enough to visit Rijksmuseum, more than once actually! Dam Square is beautiful and this is one of the must visits if you find yourself in Amsterdam! Nice hub!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Torri Lynn,

Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it. I hope you get to visit the Rijksmuseum soon. I know you'll love it.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mike,

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. Living in Europe, you have an opportunity to visit many of the great museums about which I've written...how fortunate!

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