Silk screen printing

Silk screen printing

Silk screen printing is the process by which a point is pressed through an open design with the aid of squeegee. This open design is actually the cut stencil attached to the screen, which is tightly stretched over the wooden frame.

There are numerous articles which are printed by this process. One fascinating ex­ample is the T-shirt, which comes in different designs and attractive colors.

Another typical example is your school T-shirt where the name of the school is printed on it.

Silk screen printing is cheaper. It can also be used on almost any kind of material.

Tools and Materials needed in Silk Screen Printing

1.  Silk screen frame - is made of four wooden bars joined together at their corner ends at 90°, resembling like that of an open rectangle.

2.  Silk screen - The original kind of screen used in silk screen printing is the "china silk." Due to its scarcity in the market and cost, the material called "organdy" is used with good results.

3.  Stencil film - is used in silk screen printing. It could be purchased in art supplies and usually imported from other countries, like Japan. This is translucent or transparent paper coated evenly with a film of lacquer.

4.  Squeegee - is a tool used for pressing paint through the cut silk screen stencil. It is made of rubber and inserted into the groove cut made of a wooden handle.

5.  Stencil cutter - is a tool used for precise cutting of design or stencil film. However, in the absence of a stencil cutter, an ordinary small knife may be used.

6.  Adhesive liquid - is a special solution used for adhering the lacquer stencil film to the silk screen. Lacquer thinner may be used as a substitute.

7.  Silk screen paint - is a paint specially made for the purpose. Silk screen paints come in a wide range of colors and in flat or glossy textures.

8.  Block-out liquids - is a preparation applied to the parts of the screen, which are not covered by stencil film. This could be purchased in art supply stores and comes in several trademarks. However, paper tapes or masking tapes maybe used as substi­tutes in the absence of such solution.

9.  Cleaning liquids - The most commonly used liquid in cleaning the stencil is water. The frame is placed under the faucet. The water is allowed to pass through the meshes of the screen.

More by this Author

  • Color Harmonies
    20

                          Color Harmonies Color pertains to the quality or kind of light reflected by the surface...

  • Proper Care of Drafting Instruments
    19

      The proper care and maintenance of drawing instruments, supplies and equipment are the following: 1.   Pencil a.   Never sharpen the pencil over the drawing or close to any of your...

  • Food Needs of Different Groups of People
    54

    Food Needs of Different Groups of People Healthy eating requires a basic understanding of nutrition and in particular of your own body's nutritional needs at different stages of life. It requires forethought, careful...


Comments 2 comments

Joel McDonald profile image

Joel McDonald 7 years ago from Denver, Colorado

I saw a cool silk-screening kit at Hobby Lobby for about $100. It seemed really cool! Unfortunately, we have more t-shirts than we know what to do with, and we had to tell ourselves not to buy it - even though it seemed really cool!

Thanks for the great, informative hub! You've earned a thumbs up, as well as a new fan!


Tannor Rapheal 5 years ago

I really enjoyed my research through this site.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working