I have a room I call a studio. It is a room that already had two walls of shelves and to me storage for my supplies is important. That leaves some floor space to actually work. It has two big sunny windows. I have an art table at one end and a sewing table at the other end. That is a drop-leaf table so when I am not working it takes less space.
I see, you mean only a photo studio. So far the only photo work I am doing in my studio is light box work. So, mine is more an art studio. The lights I use for light box work are a couple of work lights I bought at Walmart with 100 watt daylight bulbs. I do need some light stands and have them on my want list. Right now I have the lights clamped to a shelve next to my work table.
Make it a dedicated space, not just a corner of another room or something, that way you'll be able to get work done And make sure you've got a nice, supportive chair if you sit long hours at a desk!
How you make a home photography studio is going to depend a lot on what sort of photography you do and where your interests lie. I have a friend who shoots in one end of his living room. He's got a variety of back drops he can put up, but he uses only natural light so he doesn't have to deal with lights. He also shoots film and then takes it to a lab for development. Another guy I know turned his whole garage into a photo studio and he's got lights galore. He shoots digitally and then uses his computer to do all the digital darkroom work.
Use a room that's ideally 12X12 with high ceilings. Garages work well. Hang a curtain rod to one wall and use this for hanging backdrops. Get a small table for still life's and small projects. Use cool daylight(temperature of 53K)bulbs for lightning and use them in clamp style work or shop lights that come with metallic reflective pans. You should have at least three of these lights. Paint the walls and ceiling a white color, to serve as "reflectors". If possible try to have a window or skylight to let natural light into the room. Keep equipment and supplies in another part of the room but out of your way.
If portraiture is your choice, then the room size has to be larger
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