Which Electric bicycle - The best E-bike's for your commute to Work.

Electric Bicycles are ideal for getting to work through rush-hour traffic.

A great looking electric bike, note the battery below the seat and the rear cycle rack for storage.
A great looking electric bike, note the battery below the seat and the rear cycle rack for storage. | Source

Electric bikes for Commuting.

With good weather just around the corner (hopefully in the UK) we can look forward to dusting down our electric bike or our electric powered e-bike and getting a little fitter.

For some this sounds a bit too much like hard work, but the idea of cycling is difficult to throw off when you see your friends and work mates using them. One answer that a lot of people are now turning to is buying an electric bike or E-bike or city bike as it is now becoming known.

So what is an electric bike and how does it differ from a standard mountain bike or road racing bike. An electric bike has a motor, a battery and a controller.

The motor drives the bike forward, you can't go in reverse. The battery stores the energy when it is charged up and this gives the motor the power to move. The controller, sometimes called the regulator lets you (the rider) adjust the amount of power going to the motor and this either increases or decreases your speed.

E-bikes are becoming increasingly popular with city workers. The cost of going into some cities is now regulated, the cost of parking your car is expensive and people don't like to rely on public transport for a variety of reasons.

Electric bikes were a bit of a novelty when they first came out, they didn't work properly, the battery wasn't holding the charge, and basically they were a bit of a let down. Since then electric bike conversion kits have started coming out and these have made a fantastic difference. Manufacturers of E-bikes have improved them now to a lighter, smarter looking bike that many commuters see as their transport to work and also for getting some fresh air at the weekends with shopping or having fun with the kids.

Some people are using them to regularly commute into town or work, you can get folding electric bikes and some people are either taking the e-bike on the train then using the bike to get into work or they carry them in their car trunk, park up out of town and use the bike for the last part of the journey.

A Folding Electric Bike.

An electric bike folded up ready for the trunk and then the commute into work.
An electric bike folded up ready for the trunk and then the commute into work.

Electric Bike Conversion.

The most commonly asked question when you meet someone on a E-bike is how fast will it go.

Well the speed limit has been regulated in the UK for all electric bikes to a have a top speed of 15mph or 25 kph. this is reasonable because the average speed of any normal road cyclist is only 12 mph or 18kph. So this speed is good, well sufficient for commuting in traffic on your way to work.

But that is the top speed of the motor before it cuts out, your actual speed may be much more on flat, level or downhill ground if you keep pedaling!

It is worth stating that you can still pedal with an electric bike, and this not only saves you your battery power but will assist you getting uphill a lot quicker. Although batteries have improved (see below) pedaling to assist you will get you to your destination quicker. This is particularly important when cycling up hill for any length of time.

The second most common question is do I have to wear a bike helmet?. The answer is no you don't, the same rules apply to electric bikes as they do to ordinary ones. So you can ride pretty much the same places you can with a normal bike.

In the US children under 16 have to wear a bike helmet but electric bikes shouldn't be sold to under 16's so there is no necessity to wear a helmet if that is your wish.

What you should take into account is traffic and if you are using yours for commuting purposes then it makes sense to listen to CPSC ( Consumer Product Safety Commission) in the US, or PBSR ( Pedal Bicycle Safety Regulations) in the UK who recommend that people use bike helmets when on city or urban roads where there is a lot of traffic or congestion.

The third most common question is how far can I travel before the battery runs out? This is where technology has improved the performance of electric bikes over the past few years.

Most modern electric bikes can now travel 45 km (30 miles) on one charge of the battery. This will be affected by the road conditions, how many times you stop/start and how many hills you have to go up.

But for most commuters this is enough for the journey to get them home where they can recharge the battery ready for tomorrow.

Electric bikes.

What are you looking for from your E-bike? Does it have to fold up or are you happy with a straight forward electric bike that has had an electric bike conversion?

Most of the electric bike conversion kits fit the non folding type.

This depends on what you want your bike for. Does the frame have to fold? Do you prefer large wheels or smaller ones. Does the bike have to rugged and very stable, tough and durable or lightweight?

Will you be using it just to tag along with the kids at the weekends or will you be using it to go to the shops, do you need a bike rack to carry stuff like an attache case or are you wanting to do long journey's on a fast and lightweight bike?

Pedal Assist and the different types of Electric bike.

Electric bikes can assist you when you ride, by this it means the motor cuts in when the pedalling becomes harder to push down. Do you need a lot of assistance?, maximum assistance or assistance only when your going up hills?

You can choose to have what is called "variable assistance" where you select how much assistance the bike gives you. Pedal assist is a term used to express the amount of effort needed, when your pedaling the motor measures how much effort you are using and brings in the motor automatically to assist you. When you stop pedaling the motor stops.

Rotation Sensor – this senses when the pedals are turning and switches the motor on at a predetermined speed. This type of system is available with a single speed or variable speed models.


Advantages – You don’t have to push too hard on the pedals to get the maximum assistance.


Disadvantages – Single speed model travels at maximum speed all the time.


Torque Sensor – this type will additionally sense how hard you are pressing the pedals and varies the assistance level accordingly. If you press gently it just gives a little help, press a little harder and it helps more.

This system can have pre- determined selectable power levels.


Advantages – Slows down and speeds up as the bike speed varies. This model will use the battery more economically for longer distances.


Disadvantages – To get maximum assistance full pressure must be put on the pedals.


Twist Grip Throttle - Some motors are not operated by the pedals but by a twist grip throttle on the handlebars that must be turned whilst you are pedalling and held in position. There is a distinct disadvantage with this when you want to use hand signals.

Combination, Pedal Assist and Throttle
Some bikes with pedal assist also have a twist grip . This will let the rider to take a quick break to gather themselves without having to stop. On a torque sensor bike this allows the rider to select the extra’ power option which is very useful when going up hill.

Easy Start and Launch Assist
This type of assist is applicable to all models, what it means is that you often first need assistance the first few seconds when you set off, if you have stopped on a slope or hill, or in commuter traffic you may want to get your speed up as quickly as possible and keep up with the flow of traffic.


Electric bike Video

Electric bike Batteries

With most bike batteries you have to charge them overnight or for 6-8 hours to get the maximum benefit from them. It is possible to give some types of battery a quick top up charge, but is best if this is kept to the minimum.

It is best if the battery is run down before recharging, this will make it last longer, than constantly topping it up. Electric bike batteries are expensive to replace so it is worth while looking after yours and maintaining it to the manufacturers recommendations.

Electric bikes have the battery fitted in a variety of places, under the seat, inside the frame work or on a rear rack. When you test your bike from new make sure the battery doesn't make it feel unstable or pulling one side more than the other.

Lighter batteries have reduced this effect so if your buying a new model it will not be such a problem.

The Different types of battery:- It has often amazed me why there is so many different types of battery that you use on your bike. You would think that manufacturers would make it easy for people by standardising each bike with the same battery.

That way they would be inter-changeable even if you change your bike. It would keep costs down and riders could swap and change without much thought.

I know that some batteries are supposedly better than others, but each battery has a life expectancy, we know this, but it annoys me when a manufacturer makes changes just for the sake of being different.

Below is a list of all the types of battery being used at present, lets hope that some common sense prevails and a united single battery wins out and all manufacturers stick with it, until something better comes along.

Nickel-Metal Hydride (NiMh) & Nickel Cadmium (NiCd) – Smaller, light weight and gives greater distance, up to 20 miles before recharge.


Advantages – Mid Priced, lasted longer than some batteries.


Disadvantages - very poor at maintaining the charge in cold weather.

Lithium Batteries-lighter weight, variable sizes, cleaner (low pollution) and more efficient. Advantages -longer life cycle, greater distances before recharging, discharge rate is the high. Disadvantages- Expensive to buy.

What's next for Electric bikes.

I think it is pretty safe to say that electric bikes are here to stay. Petrol and diesel prices are constantly rising, the price to park your vehicle is expensive in town so I think electric bike manufacturers are looking good as far as expanding their businesses are concerned.

There will be more bike development, new designs, the making of lighter more economical bikes that travel further. Improved modifications coming with the motor and drive unit, giving an almost seamless acceleration up to top speed and automatic flawless gear changes.

Battery life will be extended even further and battery charging will go from daily to just a once a week in the near future. Folding bikes are here to stay and there will more mind boggling methods of how to split your bike down and put it into a case to carry around.

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Comments 16 comments

favouriteperfume profile image

favouriteperfume 4 years ago from Malvern, UK

My Dad has a Sakura (he doesn't drive and his arthritic knees mean he can't walk far now). He's always getting admiring comments about his bike, which has given him so much independence. I can't recommend them enough!


BRIAN SLATER profile image

BRIAN SLATER 4 years ago from Nottingham Uk Author

Thankyou favouriteperfume for your comment. Glad your dad has found independence on his bike. Electric bikes do offer people with arthritus the opportunity to venture out much further than they would hope to walk. Kudos to him and I bet he enjoys all the looks he keeps getting.


poshcoffeeco profile image

poshcoffeeco 4 years ago from Cambridgeshire

Hey Brian, love the hub. I may need an electric bike soon, or a Moped. Not sure if I fancy a Moped. Would feel safer on a push bike. I live in Peterborough so it is really flat here.It is great to meet a fellow Brit here. Hope you are not snowed in!


BRIAN SLATER profile image

BRIAN SLATER 4 years ago from Nottingham Uk Author

Thanks for commenting poshcoffe, I'm sure the flat countryside around your area would be perfect for an electric bike. And yes we did get some snow today, around 5" inches which is not great for using my bike.!!


RealHousewife profile image

RealHousewife 4 years ago from St. Louis, MO

Brian - Oh my gosh, my parents bought these (wondered why - and I guess because they have everything else?) They had to have a lesson and the first time my mom was turned loose on her own...she got on and promptly fell off! lol Nothing was hurt but her pride but I want them to just leave them in the garage:) haha!

Beautiful hub and great idea too because they aren't super popular here yet and I think only because no one has heard a lot about them yet:)


homesteadbound profile image

homesteadbound 4 years ago from Texas

I am guessing that you do not have to pedal at all, is that true? I have bad knees and this could be an answer to a question of how my husband and I could go bike riding together.


BRIAN SLATER profile image

BRIAN SLATER 4 years ago from Nottingham Uk Author

Thanks Realhousewife, I'm so sorry your mom fell off her bike, accidents do happen. Eventually with fuel prices rising as they are there'll be common place in most cities. So nice to see you here :)


favouriteperfume profile image

favouriteperfume 4 years ago from Malvern, UK

Hi homesteadbound, my Dad has a Sakura because he has so much trouble with his knees and he doesn't have to pedal at all (he can't walk far now) and he doesn't need to tax, insure or get a licence for his electric bike. It will do around 15 miles on one charge.


BRIAN SLATER profile image

BRIAN SLATER 4 years ago from Nottingham Uk Author

Yes you can get a bikes where you don't have to pedal, so I am sure you and your husband could go out together. Basically there are two variables, pedal assist where you pedal sometimes which helps recharge the batttery and to get you up the hills, and the second type is where you can twist the hand grip to use the motor.


BRIAN SLATER profile image

BRIAN SLATER 4 years ago from Nottingham Uk Author

Thanks for your added comment favouriteperfume, perfectly put ! :)


Deborah Brooks profile image

Deborah Brooks 4 years ago from Brownsville,TX

wow love your hub.. I cant wait till it gets warm enough to go biking. and what great exercise it is.. and that fold bike wow I had never seen one before.

voted up

Debbie


prairieprincess profile image

prairieprincess 4 years ago from Canada

Brian, interesting article! My Grandpa had an electric bike, even though he was already a very active biker. He used to go on long trips with it. It was interesting to read more about this kind of bike. I didn't know much about them.


Vinaya Ghimire profile image

Vinaya Ghimire 4 years ago from Nepal

Brian, this is interesting review of electric bikes. You have properly highlighted pros and cons. Thanks for this informative hub.


Jennifer Lynch profile image

Jennifer Lynch 3 years ago from Stowmarket, Suffolk.

Great hub - yes electric bikes are very good but we had one before and over charged the battery. That is not a good idea as the batteries cost quite a lot of money!


Darja1981 3 years ago

I think electric bikes are great and very interesting, but I prefer my trekking bike, more recreation.


Tolovaj profile image

Tolovaj 23 months ago

I think electric bikes have bright future. I had no idea there are so many different models and I am pretty shocked about safety measurements, which are much more strict in my country. In my opinion a helmet should be obligatory for everybody, not just for kids. Of course classic bikes will coexist with electric ones, so we'll have pretty colorful traffic in the future.

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