Upgraded Summer Jobs and Internships for All Ages 2013 - 2023

Will We Have Enough Summer Jobs? USA says YES!

President Obama announces Summer Jobs+, a call to action to American businesses, nonprofits and government entities to put young people to work in summer 2012.
President Obama announces Summer Jobs+, a call to action to American businesses, nonprofits and government entities to put young people to work in summer 2012. | Source

Many Groups of People Are Looking for Summer Jobs

Several groups look for temporary summer jobs every year or for seasonal work during other months that can lead to rehiring in subsequent summers or even to regular full-time employment.

When an individual in America looks for summer employment, he or she may not be aware of the competition from these various groups - youth, high school, college, adults, Welfare-to-Work, diversity groups, challenged groups, and Senior Citizens.

One group not considered intensely in recent past years is the group of returning US Veterans from the War in Iraq. This group includes thousands of individuals that need full-time employment may begin with summer jobs until appropriate career-level positions open for them.

Top Summer Jobs in America

The Top Summer Jobs (notice change in job titles in highest demand).

Spring-Summer 2014 - 2015

  1. Engineering Internships
  2. Marketing Internships
  3. Pharmacy-related Internships and Technician training
  4. Aerospace-related Internships
  5. Life Guards
  6. Tech Support Advisers
  7. Leasing Assistants
  8. Summer Nanny

While competition for summer jobs increased during the Great Recession, the nature of summer employment and internships has shifted toward higher technological training for new skills across the country.

Spring-Summer 2012 - 2013

  1. Summer Nanny
  2. Lifeguard
  3. Engineering Internships - growing in numbers fastest of all summer jobs.

Source
Source

Summer Jobs and Summer Full-Time Jobs: 50% Increase

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Increase from 2013 over 2011 by 50%
Increase from 2013 over 2011 by 50%
Increase from 2013 over 2011 by 50% | Source
Source

Largest Clusters of Summer Work of All Kinds

show route and directions
A markerChicago -
Chicago, IL, USA
[get directions]

B markerNew York City -
New York, NY, USA
[get directions]

C markerWashington DC -
Washington, DC, USA
[get directions]

D markerBoston MA -
Boston, MA, USA
[get directions]

E markerSan Francisco -
San Francisco, CA, USA
[get directions]

Source

The Peak In Lifeguard Jobs Occurred In 2010

Source

Competition For Jobs

The various groups of summer job seekers can include:

  1. Teenagers - This is one of the largest primary groups that look for American summer jobs in the private sector and in government-subsidized programs. Federal and county funding often provide Summer Youth Employment Programs for a number of youth from ages 14 through 21, provided they meet certain income and other guidelines. Most entities that provide the related soft skills training (work readiness) and job placement too these teens write grants for available funding and often limit the ages of youth they will serve to ages 14 through 18 or 19. Announcements of openings in these subsidized programs often begin on radio, television, and internet sites in January, February, or March. Slots are often filled before April, but many of these young workers quit their jobs after a few days or a week into the summer season, because their families move away or for other reasons. This opens up a short re-hiring season in mid-June.

The overrun of teenagers that can be accommodated by the subsidized job programs turn to the private sector for summer employment. While few jobs in private business are available for ages 14 and 15, teens age 16 and older are often in competition with adults for the same positions. Youth ages 11 - 13 can usually find volunteer positions and programs to train and certify them for babysitting (American Red Cross and others).

2. College and Graduate Students - These older students look for work in their college towns are their hometowns and sometimes compete with the teenagers and with adults for the same work, especially in states that lost the most jobs during the Recession of 2008 - 2010. However, some of these older students are more qualified to accept jobs in the International market on cruise ships, tourist ranches, eco-farms in Europe, and other venues.

3. Teachers that are off for the summer - Some K-12 teachers look for part-time or full-time work during the summer season.

4. Displaced Workers - Workers that are downsized, terminated, in plant closings, etc. County core and intensive jobs services offer programs for these individuals, but some take summer work while waiting for a placement.

5. Displaced Homemakers - Usually single parents whose spouse or partner left or more typically, older women that are divorced but have never worked and still have several years left until retirement age. County core jobs services can help these individuals, but some try part-time summer work as a trial run.

6. Welfare to Work or Welfare Reform Clients- Non-profit organizations offer soft skills training and job placement, but often with the same employers that accept the teenagers for subsidized summer work, setting up competition for the same jobs. A single employer can open up only a limited number of job slots, even if subsidized.


Since Welfare Reform began under the Clinton Administration in America (1993 - 2000), teens and adults have competed for the same summer jobs in subsidized programs and in some private businesses that have been able to participate under certain grant funding. Teenagers in subsidized Summer Youth Employment Programs of several types can earn a higher hourly wage than adults hired for the same jobs and this causes conflict in the workplace, even if company policy states that employees are not to reveal their wages to one another. People sometimes find out anyway.

In the graph below, we can see that Summer Jobs openings in the private sector increased most sharply in 2010 and dipped only slightly in 2011.

7. Transient Workers - These individuals travel from town to town, often seasonally, while following waves of open jobs. Many transients sought work during The Great Depression and in the 2010s, America has a number of these as well. Summer seasonal jobs on farms and in orchards are one sort of job open for them. Temporary Employment Agencies may have short-term full-time work as well. Some permanent residents of communities feel like transient workers, because they work 2, 3, or part-time jobs each week.

8. Retired Senior Citizens - Many seniors find the financial need to return to work at least part-time during summers and sometimes, year round in the private sector. Government subsidized programs offer Seniors part-time to full-time work as well. See Senior Job Bank and Senior Service America.

9. Foreign National Refugees (adult) - Non-profit organizations offer ESL/ESO classes, soft skills training and job placement, but often with the same employers that accept the teenagers for summer work, so these adults compete with the teens in government subsidized work programs and sometimes in the private sector.

10. Migrant workers - These individuals and families usually work on farms during harvest seasons and return home for the winter, but some displaced workers might be competing for jobs with them.

11. Undocumented Workers/illegal aliens - We hear much about stolen Social Security Numbers and payment under the table (non-taxed). The juncture at which these individuals may be taking jobs from adult workers in America include restaurants (especially kitchens), factories, and some other work sites (see Smithfield Hams).

Some Non-Internet Summer Jobs Posting Sites

  1. Public Library bulletin boards, especially in the workforce reference areas where you will find resume workbooks and computers.
  2. Organizations in your city that are on Facebook.
  3. Summer Camps and Tourist Resorts - apply early in the year.
  4. College and university bulletin boards.
  5. Grocery store bulletin boards.
  6. Book Store bulletin boards.
  7. Social Service Agency, Community and Recreation Center bulletin boards.
  8. Houses of Worship bulletin boards.
  9. Weekly Community Newspapers and Neighborhood Newsletters.
  10. Non-posted: ask at golf courses, tennis clubs, swimming pools, movie theaters, craft stores, restaurants, hotels, etc. Also look for job flyers hung on your door with the weekly grocery ads.

More by this Author


Comments 7 comments

Vinsanity100 profile image

Vinsanity100 4 years ago from Michigan

This is a great article. I enjoyed viewing the graphs showing job growth over the years. I will be looking for summer part-time jobs and internships so this gave me some perspective.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 4 years ago from North America Author

Now is the time to begin looking, so good luck! - let us know what you find!


Ruby H Rose profile image

Ruby H Rose 4 years ago from Northwest Washington on an Island

Great listings on where to look for work. The resources are out there, thanks for giving them easier access! Love your ideas.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 4 years ago from North America Author

I worked with the programs for 12 years or so and was happy to get all the info in one place. It makes it easier to add more now.


moneycop profile image

moneycop 4 years ago from JABALPUR

great informative hub and hard work u have done..thanks for producing it.


Jen's Solitude profile image

Jen's Solitude 4 years ago from Delaware

Wow what an amazing guide for anyone looking for work! Thank you for taking the time to put together all the information, links, and charts.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 4 years ago from North America Author

Hope it helps someone get some summer work fast! Thanks for visiting, Jen's Solitude!

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working