Careers in Computer Technology

A picture of the inside of a computer we have taken apart at our house.
A picture of the inside of a computer we have taken apart at our house. | Source

Careers in computer technology are great opportunities for trained and educated people in the IT (information technology) industry. Even during hard times IT companies are always in need of people to help grow their company. As long as the IT industry continues to advance careers in computer technology will be in high demand.

There are two types of degrees you can get in computer technology. An Associates Degree and a Bachelor's Degree. There are also special certifications you can get that will help advance you in any position you are looking to fill.

An Associates Degree in Computer Technology

An associates degree is a good starting point for your computer technology career. This degree prepares you to work with computers, software programs and even computer networks. If the computer technology degree isn't available at your collage of choice you can choose a two year degree in computer science, computer engineering, electronics technology or information technology and you will still learn a lot of the same things as the computer technology classes.

No matter what degree you take, you should make sure you have a broad range of computer related classes such as computer science, computer programming, computer networking, database software, data communication networks, information systems and business applications.

This associates degree will provide you with all the education you need for that entry-level computer technology job.

A Bachelor's Degree in Computer Technology

A lot of computer technology jobs will require you to have a bachelors degree, if not higher education. Many of the bachelor's degree programs in computer technology include an internship opportunity. This will help you build up your resume while you get hands on experience.

Along with everything that comes with the associates degree, you should take extra business classes so you can understand your role within the larger business structure. Also take some communications classes. These classes will help you communicate all the technical information that comes along with your job to the less technically savvy people.

Certifications in Computer Technology

In addition to any degree you get in collage there are other certifications you can get to increase your career opportunities and your job security.

Two of the most important certifications are the Novell Certified NetWare Engineer (CNE) and the Cisco Systems Certified Network Expert (CNX).

There are also certifications in computer programming, project and file management, information technology, security, document imaging and convergence.

Picture of my Associates Degree in Applied Science
Picture of my Associates Degree in Applied Science | Source

The most common careers in computer technology include network engineers, database administrators, information technology analyst, system administrators and software engineers.

Network Engineers

Network engineers are information technology professionals who design computer networks.

  • Responsible for implementing updates
  • Troubleshooting computer networks
  • Fixing problems when they occur
  • Keeping the network operating and accessible to the workforce
  • Works on high-end issues
  • Chooses all the proper equipment to be used on the network
  • Generally require a bachelor's degree or associates degree with corresponding certifications
  • Average earnings of $70,000 annually

Database Administrators

Database administrators keep the computer databases that store important information on customers, clients and projects.

  • Responsible for planning security measures
  • Ensuring data integrity
  • Backup and query protocol for easy recall of needed data
  • Generally require a bachelor's degree or associates degree with corresponding certifications
  • Average earnings of $72,000 annually

Information Technology (IT) Analyst

IT analysts work with the operating units of an organization and it's IT department.

  • Responsible for downloading, installing and analyzing new software and hardware for all users
  • Perform routine testings of systems
  • Assists users with any technical questions or operational problems
  • Collect, complete and organize all paperwork for the user access, updates and security related issues
  • Generally require a bachelor's degree and a minimum of IT related course work
  • Average earnings of $75,000 annually

System Administrators

System administrators support the network engineers.

  • In charge of supporting and maintaining the company servers
  • Handling and planning for system outages
  • Data back up
  • Password protocol and basic user-level security issues.
  • Generally require a bachelor's degree combined with a certification in the type of servers that are used by the organization like UNIX, Windows or SQL.
  • Average earnings of $75,000 annually.

Software Engineers

Software engineers are the ones who design, develop and test computer software. All software, regardless of the type, was created by a software engineer.

  • Make all different sorts of software to include: Accounting software, medical software, video games and software that is used in aircraft's and airports
  • Generally requires a bacelor's degree but most organizations would prefer a master's degree
  • Average earnings of $87,000 annually

My other hubs

The History of Computer Technology hub basically touches on the generations of computers and how we have gotten to where we are today as far as technology goes.

The Role of Computer Technology in Education hub tells a bit about how much computers have changed in classroom environments.

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Comments 26 comments

spartucusjones profile image

spartucusjones 4 years ago from Parts Unknown

Very informative and well researched hub! I am sure this hub will especially be useful for those that are contemplating a career in the IT field.


greatstuff profile image

greatstuff 4 years ago from Malaysia

Another informative and detail hub from you. Great job.


krsharp05 profile image

krsharp05 4 years ago from 18th and Vine

Nicely researched and delivered. Love your dingbats too! This is helpful information for anyone interested in IT. -K


CassyLu1981 profile image

CassyLu1981 4 years ago from Spring Lake, NC Author

spartucusjones - Thanks! Because I have a degree in computer science researching this was quite fun :) Hopefully I can help some people out there. Thanks for the comment!


CassyLu1981 profile image

CassyLu1981 4 years ago from Spring Lake, NC Author

greatstuff - Thanks :)


CassyLu1981 profile image

CassyLu1981 4 years ago from Spring Lake, NC Author

ksharp05 - I'm glad you like my dingbats :) Made them myself now that I know how to and add them to my hubs. Thanks for the comment :)


meloncauli profile image

meloncauli 4 years ago from UK

Great article and well laid out. Wish I knew how to do dingbats!


CassyLu1981 profile image

CassyLu1981 4 years ago from Spring Lake, NC Author

meloncauli - all I did for my dingbats was opened a paint file, created whatever I wanted and saved it as a jpg. Then added it to my hub as a photo and viola :) All done! Glad you liked the hub! Thanks for stopping by!


leahlefler profile image

leahlefler 4 years ago from Western New York

CassyLu, this hub makes me wish I had gone for a degree in Computer Science rather than Biochemistry! Great article! By the way, I love saying the word "dingbats." LOL!


CassyLu1981 profile image

CassyLu1981 4 years ago from Spring Lake, NC Author

leahlefler - I don't know a whole lot about biochemistry but I'm sure it's just as interesting as computer science (if not more so!). Thanks for the comment!!! (my mom always used to call us dingbats when we were little LOL)


alcalderon profile image

alcalderon 4 years ago from Orange County, Ca

Some informative stuff here for someone looking to work with computers. You are correct also, IT work will always be thriving even in a bad economy since we utilize it daily in almost every business vertical. Voted up!


Om Paramapoonya profile image

Om Paramapoonya 4 years ago

Good stuff! Very well researched. Unfortunately, this field of careers is just not for me. I'll share this with my younger cousin who's really into computer technology, though. :)


ChristyWrites profile image

ChristyWrites 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

I have a good friend who is an IT Analyst and you outline the job well. Vote up!


CassyLu1981 profile image

CassyLu1981 4 years ago from Spring Lake, NC Author

alcalderon - After the new millenium happened and there was NO outage like everyone had feared, I knew computer technology was the job to get. Thanks for the comment and votes :)


CassyLu1981 profile image

CassyLu1981 4 years ago from Spring Lake, NC Author

Om - Thanks for sharing with your cousin :) I hope he is able to get some use out of it!


CassyLu1981 profile image

CassyLu1981 4 years ago from Spring Lake, NC Author

ChristyWrites - YAY! My sister-in-law is an IT tech :)It's always good to hear you have the right information when doing a hub. Thanks for the comments and votes :)


Simone Smith profile image

Simone Smith 4 years ago from San Francisco

These days, computer technology is one of the ultimate industries to be in! In SF, folks with degrees in this field are in such high demand; it's insane! Awesome overview, CassyLu1981.


teaches12345 profile image

teaches12345 4 years ago

Really good write up on this career choice. You have done your research on this one. I sometimes wish I would have stuck with this field.


meloncauli profile image

meloncauli 4 years ago from UK

This is an excellent article for those who are looking at career choices ( as my son is right now). I have noticed that IT seems to be an extremely popular career choice too. Great read.


CassyLu1981 profile image

CassyLu1981 4 years ago from Spring Lake, NC Author

Simone - Maybe I should have moved to SF after collage. Then again, that was back in 2002 and it wasn't as in such high demand as it is now! Thanks for the comment :)


CassyLu1981 profile image

CassyLu1981 4 years ago from Spring Lake, NC Author

teaches12345 - It's a tough field to stick with. I didn't stay with it right out of collage and I should have but I wouldn't change my life for anying :) Thanks for stopping by and the comment :)


CassyLu1981 profile image

CassyLu1981 4 years ago from Spring Lake, NC Author

meloncauli - I hope my Hub can help your son see a little of the different careers that are out there in Computer Technology. The money isn't that bad either :) Most people I talk to say they are IT or know someone who is an IT so I agree, it is an extremely popular choice. Thanks for the comment :)


lindacee profile image

lindacee 4 years ago from Southern Arizona

This Hub provides an in-depth look at the varied career opportunities available in the field of computer technology. I'm a "right brainer", so most of this is way over my head. But your informative Hub makes me appreciate this field of study even more! Voted up, useful and (highly) interesting!


CassyLu1981 profile image

CassyLu1981 4 years ago from Spring Lake, NC Author

lindacee - Thanks so much for all the votes :) It is a great field to be in for sure, espically these days!


unknown spy profile image

unknown spy 4 years ago from Neverland - where children never grow up.

here in my place, Network Engrs have very high salaries.. The first place goes to Network Specialists.. (especially if they have a lot of certifications)


CassyLu1981 profile image

CassyLu1981 4 years ago from Spring Lake, NC Author

unknown spy - Network Specialists - that's not on my list. Might have to change that :) Thanks for stopping by and the comment!

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