Develop Effective Communication Skills with Assertive Workplace Tips
Developing effective communication skills and strategies at work is very important for your advancement and productivity. How you communicate has a profound impact on your ability to achieve things, and get on with people because it builds trust. Some people have natural abilities to communicate well, but others need to learn the skills and apply them in their workplace. Much of it is about taking positive and assertive actions to avoid misunderstandings and potential conflict. Communicating effectively leads to better outcomes in solving problems, achieving your objectives, and developing and maintaining good office relationships and morale.
Effective communication doesn't just happen. There is no sense thinking that things will improve as you get to know people better - they could get worse. Open, effective and genuine communication is important for making new friends and sustaining older ones, and for maintaining healthy relationships.
Ineffective communication is like rust, once it starts, it tends to spread and risks degrading the structure and appearance of something. If you have poor communication people may wrongly fill in the gaps in what people know about you, and may start to distrust you. This can make it harder to communicate effectively in your workplace. This article aims to provide the skills and tips to improve your communication.
Broad Types of Communication
There are four types of communication that can be expressed as:
Me and only Me - Aggressive Approach
Aggressive people communicate in a domineering and forceful way that is essentially one directional and does not allow for responses. This can be blatant, or more subtle, such as finishing other people's sentences and butting in before the other person has a chance to finish what they are saying.
A sure sign of this approach is the person's tone of voice and facial expressions that may be distinctly unfriendly. In the worse case, this can amount to bullying.
These people always give the impression that the other people's needs don't matter and are not worth listening to. You can develop skills to tone down this approach if you tend to butt in.
You should be aware that it can be a sign that you are afraid of losing the argument and want to win quickly at all costs. By butting-in you are trying to curtail an argument that may make sense. It is often driven by impatience - you want to get to the point quickly and judge that what is being said is irrelevant. Often the person saying it will only realise this after they have finished so let them go and finish it.
It may require deliberate attempts to listen - allowing for the other people to response. You can also modify your body language and find better ways of winning an argument instead of always butting in.
Me Last - Passive Approach
Passive communication - is at the opposite end of the spectrum - it involves putting your needs last and being a complete 'sponge', simply absorbing what other people say to you.
In this case you hold back and bottling-up your thoughts, responses or feelings. You seldom ask for what you want or showcase your ideas by providing input. Once again your body language is a key aspect and the approach worsens when your colleagues discover that you are passive. They may start walking all over you, or demeaning your abilities, because they know you will not assert yourself. So, you bottle things up and could become resentful.
The message pushed by passive communication is 'My opinions and needs don't matter' and 'I'm unwilling to contribute'. Once again body language is a tell-tale sign, and the approach becomes self-expanding as people in the work place recognise your stance and approach to communication.
Listen to Me When its my Turn
Assertive communication - can be developed and worked-on, even if it does not come naturally to you. It involves a proactive approach that involves you taking every opportunity to clearly express what you want, your comments and responses, what you think and how you feel.
This is done in the context of mutual respect - that you apply to others, and that you expect others to apply to you.
The operating principle for this approach is that 'We all matter, we all have the right to contribute and so lets work through it and find a solution together for mutual benefit'.
Assertive communication increases your opportunities for getting what you want, having your say, avoiding conflict and helping to maintaining good relationships in the workplace.
Being assertive when communicating means that you adopt an 'engaged and interested' body language. You are more open and everyone has a better idea of where you stand on a given topic.
People expect input from you and know that you won't try to dominate and exclude others in the communication. Being assertive means you can:
- Express your own comments, needs, responses, ideas, thoughts and feelings
- Make reasonable requests from other people and expect to be able to provide input. You accept that others may reject your suggestion and the outcome may not be what you want or desire.
- Present and stand up for your own rights and your right to have an input
- Say 'no' to things put forward without feeling guilty or expecting negative consequences.
Poor and Ineffective Communication
Poor communication often leads to tension and misunderstandings. This can create bad feelings between individuals in the workplace. It is important to realise that effective communication is a group thing in which all individuals have a role.
Where possible, you should push assertive communication as a general model to be adopted by your group. You should try to find ways to deal with aggressive and passive communication by various members of the group. Open communication relies on trust and mutual respect.
Often communication may break down not because of what is said, but because of what is unsaid or not properly talked about. If the communication is closed people will fill in the gaps with lots of wrong assumptions.
People may believe you agree when you don't. People may assume that you did not say something because you were afraid of the consequences or for the completely wrong reason.
The communication then becomes a combination of truths, half-truths and incorrect facts, feelings and assumptions. This will taint the outcome and hamper any real progress.
It is also important that all issues are fully dealt with, if only in a brief way. Half-finished or half-baked communication is poor communication, in a similar way to a heated argument or a meeting dominated by one person.
Common Communication Errors and How to Avoid Them
Error 1: Mind-Reading
Mind-reading occurs in most relationships, and especially at work where secrets abound. It often causes people to get upset because it leads to misunderstandings associated with people having to fill in the gaps due to poor communication.
Often we wrongly assume that people already know our opinions and what we think. We believe that they know us well enough to understand where we are coming from, even we have not expressed it clearly and explicitly.
Therefore it is very important to clearly tell others what are your opinions, ideas and responses are, and not to assume that they already know.
Error 2: Avoiding Communication
Being assertive is also about ensure that we speak up at the right time. Silence means acceptance.
People often avoid or fail to communicate properly because they are embarrassed, don't want to start a fight, or make someone else upset. The problem here is that not speaking up can often make things worse. This can cause tension that can escalate to cause angry outbursts.
Error 3: Labelling
Don't use labels to criticise someone else - for example calling someone a 'liar' or a 'fool'.
Labels are a good example of alienating messages because they make the criticism relate to the 'person' rather than to their behaviour or the facts. You can criticise a person's behaviour, for example, by claiming that they were 'unfair', rather than calling them 'cruel' or 'unreasonable'.
Error 4: Criticisms and Alienating Messages
Public criticism, put-downs, or making out that someone is a fool or stupid is aggressive communication and leads to anger and pay backs.
This kind of interaction can also cause a break-down of communication, when no one wins.
Some examples of alienating messages include: sarcasm, negative comparisons, put-downs, threats and demeaning comments referring to mistakes or inadequacies.
Tips for Developing Communication Skills
© 2012 Dr. John Anderson
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