Evolution of Management Principles

Evolution of Management Thought


The first known management ideas were recorded in 3000-4000 B.C. One Pyramid built by Egyptian ruler Cheops required work to be done by 100,000 men for over twenty years in 2900 B.C. It covered 13 acres of land and measured 481 meters in height. The stone slabs had to be moved thousands of kilometres of distance. As folklore goes, even the sound of a hammer was not heard in the villages in the vicinity of the site of these pyramids. Such monumental work could not be completed without adherence to principles of sound management.

Rational economic view, scientific management, administrative principles, and bureaucratic organisation characterise this phase. While the rational economic view assumed that people are motivated by economic gains primarily; scientific management of F.W. Taylor and others emphasised one best way of production etc; administrative theorists personified by Henri Fayol etc looked at the best way to combine jobs and people into an efficient organisation; bureaucratic organisation theorists led by Max Weber looked at ways to eliminate managerial inconsistencies due to abuse of power which contributed to ineffectiveness. This was the era of the industrial revolution and factory system of production. Large scale production would not have been possible without adherence to the principles governing organising production based on division of labour and specialisation, relationship between man and the machine, managing people and so on.

This school of thought developed between 1920s to 1950s felt that employees simply do not respond rationally to rules, chains of authority and economic incentives alone but are also guided by social needs, drives and attitudes. Hawthorne Studies at GEC etc., were conducted then. It was quite natural that in the early phases of the industrial revolution, the emphasis was on development of techniques and technology. The attention to the human factor was the salient aspect of this school of thought. This attention was to serve as a precursor to the development of behavioural sciences.

It emphasises research on operations and use of quantitative techniques to aid managers to take decisions.


It sees modern organisations as complex systems and underlies contingency approach and use of modern techniques to solve organisational and human problems.

© 2009 Dilip Chandra

More by this Author

Comments 45 comments

prasadjain profile image

prasadjain 7 years ago from Tumkur

A good article on the subject. Shows that the author has studied the subject with interest and analysed it .

Now a days human resource management has become more complex and delicate. Gone are the dayas when the boss could rule by his authority.He has to rule, as if he is not ruling.Here lies the difficulty.

wEnDy 6 years ago

a very interested subject...it really helps us especially to the hrm students

zurr 6 years ago

a very directive and specific explanation. i like this ;)

gach 6 years ago


dilipchandra12 profile image

dilipchandra12 6 years ago from India Author

'gach' from New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.

Please write in here what information do you need? If i can, i'll publish an article on that requested topic as soon as possible.

I must say, till now i have written some 8 to 12 articles which are requests on various subjects from many users. I have learnt those topics, understood and have written them as articles in concise for the better understanding of those who have requested.

Farah 6 years ago

“Compare and contrast between the Scientific School of Thought and the Behaviorist School of Thought. What major lessons can be drawn in studying these theories and concepts?”

dilipchandra12 profile image

dilipchandra12 6 years ago from India Author

@ Farah from Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

If you are a management student, if the question you've requested is an assignment for you, kindly do it on your own. It is a task supposed to be taken by you to use the knowledge you've gained out of your academic year and to analyze the same. If i give you the sufficient answer, you will gain nothing from that except but some compliments which i think was of no use. Analyze and answer the same on your own, if you need any help with regard to corrections write your essay here, i'll help you out in enhancing it.

I've received many questions from management students, most of them were their assignments. Kindly do it on your own. If you are done and do need any advice over the same with regard to the corrections, post them in here. But do not request answers for your assignments. Those are tasks given to you to use your knowledge and your analyzing ability.

s2619 6 years ago

i need to give a presentation on evolution of management....help!!!!

keerthi 6 years ago

it was a nice notes on priciples of management

Akamagwuna joel 6 years ago

I have tried using my knowledge but i need more material to answer this question.

Write 15 pages on the evolution of management.

hayeesha 6 years ago

write on d behavioural and contingency theories

Theresa Ogungbade 6 years ago

This is a nice article.

charles 5 years ago

pliz write on classical, neoclassical and modern theories of management, giving clear differences

varsha tiwari 5 years ago

quite useful article.

shija malale: uniersity of DODOMA 5 years ago

The author for this article very atractives hence he has tried to explain the whole about Henry . IM SO ENJED,

marygray 5 years ago

very atractive to the reader,,while they are reading

Nestle 5 years ago

huhu i have to admit that i hate this subject and my course either help me plssssssssss.........

Jade 5 years ago

Thanks a lot, this is of a good help. More powers

boboy 5 years ago

wat is that talking about????????

Sahil 5 years ago

Ya it is very useful topic include in it

Gokul kishen 5 years ago

Hmmmmmm it's short and interesting to go through. It's useful to me.

Faruque 5 years ago

It is very helpful for students.........

atul sharma 5 years ago

thanx a lot....well return bt its in short....

magezi ali 5 years ago

thanks 4 the help you render here though please avail more information.

Sam 5 years ago

I am doing Master degree and now I need some help with the clue or comment from any one relate to my question "evolution of modern management".


I need some help with the clue or comment on classical approach and its assumption,limitation

moz 5 years ago

i appriciate ur contribution in my course it so helpful

much thankx i rl enjoy reading the summery

Rahul PS Kaurav 5 years ago

Dear Dilip,

Its a very good effort. Please keep it up. I may help you in some other ways, please contact me at rsinghkaurav@yahoo.co.in

mahesh 5 years ago

very nice & useful topic

muhamad 5 years ago

i want to know about human resource and development approach.

dilipchandra12 profile image

dilipchandra12 5 years ago from India Author

Hello muhamad, will research on the requested topic and present a new article soon.

Elizbeth 5 years ago

Ur article is very useful. It really saves time.

Mohamed shafeeq 5 years ago

It is a nice article for persuing mba

mirza mishi 4 years ago

usefull knowledge

Arul venkadesh 4 years ago

Really Useful to all the learning and teaching fraternity...Thanks you so much..

Abdul Manan 4 years ago

the article is also good but plz wrote more about it

ayomide 4 years ago

what are Gilbert contributions 2 evolution of management

akhila 4 years ago

thank u 4 summarizing these topic!

renju 4 years ago

use ful data..

khushboo 4 years ago

useful article

Irungu Kabiru 4 years ago

the article is precise and informative

Sesilia 3 years ago

how to tackle the question of this topic?

SALUM ALI 3 years ago

Thanks all participants

Jose Varekulam 23 months ago

Better, if we add some creteria for the evaluation of Non-government organizations (NGO) it will be beneficial

Jose Varekulam


Lijo Johnson 20 months ago

It is very usefull and helpfull to students

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.

    Click to Rate This Article