How to Become a Good Public Speaker
Prepare Good Public Speech
A well- prepared, well-organized speech has the ability to captivate an audience, especially if the speaker is inspiring and commands audience attention. Length of speeches vary, requiring adherence to a time frame with speakers having difficulty with a 5-minute time frame.
Public speaking is a great way to build confidence in yourself. This article will cover preparing a speech, mindmapping, reasons for memorization, and tips to help you become a good public speaker.
A Good Public Speaker Projects Her Voice
1. Pick Your Topic
If you have a choice of topic, speaking about what you know works well; such as a story related to your family, your work, and your interests. You might be industrious and research a topic that interests you. Suggested topics for the 5-minute talk might be; vacation, most embarrassing moment, Internet, or public speaking itself.
2. Select a Title
List five titles on the subject and select one.
Map or outline the speech, only covering enough points for the 5 minutes.
Outline the main points and sub points or map the speech. Draw a circle in the middle of a page and insert the title. Draw lines like the spokes of a wheel ending at circles. Place the subtopics in these circles, each circle representing a paragraph.
3. Select an Introduction
Use a startling statement, an unusual statistic, a funny story, or an introduction using a prop. Memorize the first sentence of the speech.
Select a conclusion
Your conclusion should refer to the premise of the speech and end with a powerful sentence. Memorize the final sentence
4. Body of Speech
This part of the speech should contain the supporting points of your topic and should be brief for the 5-minute time frame.
If you are unable to speak from notes, type the speech using large fonts for readability.
Practice the speech about three times and finally ask someone to observe and listen.
The observer can critique your use of gestures, inflections of your voice, eye contact, delivery and time of the speech.
The above points should provide you with the basics for a well-prepared, well-organized speech. Ralph Waldo Emerson stated, “Speech is power, speech is to persuade, to convert, to compel." Even a 5-minute speech should leave a lasting impression with your audience.
Plan by Mapping Your Speech
Did you ever wish you could organize a speech in a matter of minutes? It is entirely possible by using the process of mind- mapping, a by-product of creative thinking.
The simplest form of mapping is to draw a circle in the middle of a paper for the title of the speech and then draw lines like spokes of a wheel to other circles, which represent ideas for paragraphs. Draw lines to other circles, which represent ideas in the paragraph, if necessary.
Eva Shaw, writer and author, describes this method as the “Bubble Method” and recommends this method for all types of creative thinking.. She suggests using a large sheet of paper, the size of a newspaper page, to ensure that numerous ideas will result. The public speaking corporation, Toastmasters International, recommends mapping as one method of organizing a speech. Mind-mapping is a part of the English curriculum as early as high school in some areas of the United States.
At end of article you will find a fantasy map with subtopics for a speech about the NBA championship. The title would be in the center, and the subtopics on outer circles. The following is a list of the subtopics.
History of game
Playoff system for NBA
Teams with most wins
Teams never in a championship
When you pick the subtopics, think quickly and do not rule out a subtopic at this point. You can do the map any way you desire. Later, add or remove subtopics to meet your needs for the speech and time. Conduct the necessary research to secure the supporting material, if necessary.
You will be amazed at the time you will save using the above method. A speaker can almost immediately memorize, through visualization, the topics that are in the circles. In the meantime, the brain begins to work to remember what the speaker may already know about the topics. It is much better than an outline, but some speakers have other preferences. Do not rule this out, as it is fantastic, and you may love it.
By Audrey Selig copyright 2010
Mind Map for NBA Championship
Speakers Stay Hydrated
To Memorize or Not
Do you write your speech and then memorize it? Some speakers prefer this procedure as the only way, but if memory fails, the speaker can get lost. The reason people use this method relates to the following issue.
As we get older, our memories begin to fail and many speakers cannot present a speech with or without notes. Some speakers write notes on their hands as Sarah Palin did, while others have notes that are so small, they cannot refer to them. So what is the answer?
1. Use notes when you are a novice and make them large enough to refer to comfortably by using large fonts. Practice and practice until you can perfect this method. Then later, try not using notes at all.
2. If the above method fails, and you must memorize, try to minimize any memory losses, by developing the ability to move on to the next part of the speech, making use of pauses. Keep the speech with you at the lectern...
3. If all else fails, read the speech, but know it well enough to maintain good eye contact with the audience.
If you speak from the heart, using good speech techniques, you will leave a lasting impression with the audience, no matter what method you use.
- Toastmasters International - Home
Become the Leader and Speaker you want to be
- Toastmasters International - 10 Tips for Public Speaking
Feeling some nervousness before giving a speech is natural and even beneficial, but too much nervousness can be detrimental. Here are some proven tips on how to control your butterflies and give better presentations.
Video on Public Speaking
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