New York Empire Zones - Newburgh Jobs and Attractions Increase

Chadwick Lake, main reservoir of the Town of Newburgh.
Chadwick Lake, main reservoir of the Town of Newburgh. | Source

Empire Zones Increase Jobs by 1000s in Best Cities

Newburgh is located in Orange County, New York, in the historic Hudson River Valley not far from New York City and its frenetic 24/7 pace. Newburgh is growing, but still affords residents and visitors some peace and quiet.

Named as one of the 25 Best Small Cities for Jobs and Business in America, the city offers small town life with close proximity to the big city lights.

Home to approximately 28,000 people, Newburgh experiences a low crime rate among a diverse population that is largely Hispanic, African American, and Caucasian by thirds (without a statistical racial minority or majority). In addition, Orange County NY with over 10% growth is the fastest growing county economically in New York State, which has produced less than 2% growth overall in the 200s and early 2010s.

Transportation avenues make this area a major "crossroads" of he State of New York. You can see an International Airport, the Hudson River, and two major Interstate Highways in Newburgh.

Newburgh - Stewart National Guard Area

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A markerNewburgh NY -
Newburgh, NY, USA
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B markerStewart Air National Guard Base -
Stewart Air National Guard Base, Stewart International Airport (SWF), Newburgh, NY 12550, USA
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Newburgh-Stewart Empire Zone

The Newburgh-Stewart Empire Zone is similar to an Enterprise Zone - It is a federally established area in which business incentives are established to attract new companies, expansions, and new jobs to the region. Incentives include reduced or temporarily waived business taxes and others. This Zone includes both the Town of Newburgh and the City of Newburgh, along with the Town of Windsor in Orange County.

Enterprise Zone requirements in Newburgh are to increase new jobs in each new incoming business enterprise by:

  • Increase by at least 50 new jobs (per one business) if in the Manufacturing sector;
  • Increase by 20 jobs if in High-Tech, Biotech, or Agribusiness and make a $10 million investment; and
  • Increase by 300 jobs if in the Financial, Insurance, or Distribution Industries.

The local Workforce Investment Board and partnerships with community based organizations (CBOs) such as businesses and educational institutions have helped to not only create these new jobs in the zones listed above and even outside those zones, but to train people to fill these jobs. This will continue revitalize the Newburgh-Stewart Metro Area in order to overcome economic obstacles in the community.

This initiative dates back to 2004, when New York State considered Newburgh among its Top Five Most Stressed Cities, because of its conditions of having many single mothers running households alone, high unemployment rates overall, a high poverty rate, an abundance of abandoned buildings, and a high number of adults that were high school dropouts. However, in just three to four years (2008), Newburgh became one of the 25 Best Small Cities in America.

Downing Park, Newburgh, New York

A "Best City" in the USA

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Newburgh is located at the red star, not far from NYC. Click to enlarge image.Hudson River Valley [darker section].(c) 2008. RegionalHelpWanted.Com
Newburgh is located at the red star, not far from NYC. Click to enlarge image.
Newburgh is located at the red star, not far from NYC. Click to enlarge image.
Hudson River Valley [darker section].(c) 2008. RegionalHelpWanted.Com
Hudson River Valley [darker section].(c) 2008. RegionalHelpWanted.Com

Education and Training

Largest Employers: Orange County

  1. United States Military Academy at West Point
  2. Orange Regional Medical Ctr
  3. St. Luke's Cornwall Hospital
  4. Elant, Inc. - Healthcare
  5. SUNY Orange - Education
  6. Empire Blue Cross/Blue Shield
  7. Crystal Run Healthcare
  8. Bon Secours Community Hospital

Additional employers of large employee groups:

  1. St Luke's Cornwall Hospital
  2. 105th Airlift Wing - USAF Air National Guard, Stewart
  3. C & S Wholesale Grocers, Inc.
  4. Key Bank
  5. Mid-Hudson Processing and Distribution USPS
  6. Mt. St. Mary College
  7. AHRC - MR/DD services
  8. Numerous large law firms

Top 10 Local Jobs in Newburgh-Strewart Metro Area

  1. Government jobs and Government contract positions
  2. Retail & Wholsesale Sales and related jobs
  3. Healthcare and Social Services positions - especially Registered Nurses (RNs), and health, personal, and social services aides.
  4. Construction Trades - Apprenticeship on the journeyman track and helpers.
  5. Professional & Technical services
  6. Tourism, Accommodations, and Food & Beverage Services
  7. Manufacturing - production jobs.
  8. Administration and Waste Management
  9. Real Estate Sales, Rental, and Leasing
  10. Financial Services and Insurance


Office Operations and Biomedical sectors of industry are growing rapidly. In the mid-2010s, Truck Driving expanded rapidly.

City of Newburgh Founding and Expansion

European settlers arrived in the Hudson River Valley of New York and found Native North Americans called the Waoranek.

The incoming settlers wrote that these Indigenous People were friendly, close-knit, and peaceful. The native people were part of the larger Lenape group within Algonquin Nation. Henry Hudson was an Englishman working for the Dutch, exploring the river in the valley to a point north that became Newburgh in 1609.

Intent on building a settlement, Hudson was met on land by the Waoranek, who shared food with the incoming people and even taught the settlers farm crops like corn, squash, and beans. Then the native moved on and into the west and north areas of NY, leaving the Europeans to live at Quassaick Creek and thereabouts. Various other settlers joined the group later and the community expanded.

During the Revolutionary War, Newburgh became the "Birthplace of the Republic." General George Washington ran the war from this town and afterward, refused to be crowned America’s King. Peace was mustered at this town and Washington maintained headquarters in the Hasbrouck Family's house, purchased by New York in 1850 as the first US Historic Site in America. It was at Newburgh that General Washington awarded the first Purple Heart, known then as Badge of Merit.

The Hudson River became a vehicle that spurred tremendous commercial growth in the 19th century, the largest expansion occurring during the American Civil War, Reconstruction, and the early 20th century. Manufacturing, recreation, and retail shopping thrived up through World War II and then suburbs grew, while the inner-city failed all over America from the 1950s - 1980s.

However, the urban areas have been revitalized across the USA, with work ongoing to improve them, and the neighborhoods reconstructed. Metro Areas are thereby growing larger as suburbs and cities grow to meet one another's boundaries.

Murals on the Waterfront

21st Century Newburgh

Newburgh features its East End Historic District that includes over 4000 buildings registered with the US National Historic Register. It has more historic buildings than any other site in New York State. Back in 1996, the National Trust for Historic Preservation recognized the Historic District on the list of "The 11 Most Endangered Historic Places" in the nation. Continuing work toward preservation of the city's history is the mission of several local community organizations.

Today, while the City of Newburgh is hard at work on creating new jobs and reserving historic places, it continues to build up its modern Hudson River Waterfront district as well.

Activities in the area include sightseeing cruises, shopping, restuarants, and nightclubs that include Monk's House of Jazz and Pineapple Larry's. Other local sporting activities include yachting, ice skating races, and fishing on Orange Lake and Chadwick Lake. 

© 2008 Patty Inglish

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Comments 3 comments

technorican profile image

technorican 6 years ago from Houston

I have photos of my mother in Newburgh, NY in the 1940s! I think it was a camp for late teens and early 20 year olds. I would love to find out. There were white barracks in the background.


mccmar45 5 years ago

Newburgh is dear to my heart - my great great grandparents settled there in the 1800s when they came over from Ireland and my grand parents lived there through the sixties - as a child growing up and visiting my grandmother there in the fifties I know the beautiful city newburgh was - such a pity that it was destroyed - its heartbreaking to see my grandmothers house - the way I remember it and now what has been DONE to it-


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 5 years ago from North America Author

What's the address? I'll look it up on zillow and govt public records and have a look.

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