Steps in Listening Process
Listening is the first stepping stone of successful learning. The person who listens well learns well. Always a good listener becomes a good speaker and orator. Effective listening or active listening as the terms are used for the process involves the following steps.
Sound and Word Recognition
1- Sound Recognition
First of all the listener hears sound. He tries to precept the words or speech. He discriminate the herd sounds. He also recognizes the tone of the speaker. Technically speaking he recognizes stress pattern of the speech along with intonation pauses and breaks in the speech.
2- Word Recognition
The second step in the listening process is the word recognition. The listener recognizes the sound pattern as words. Now sound becomes meaningful and takes the form of words. He also locates the word in the word list; regain lexical, grammatical and semantic information about the word.
Parsing ,meanings and memory creation
3- Parsing or analysis
Thirdly the listener learns sentence processing or parsing. He detects sentence constituents or parts of sentence and builds a structure or frame of the sentence.
4- Construction of Meanings
The fourth step in the listening process is to construct the literal meaning of the sentence. If the sentence has some ambiguous or difficult words he tries to select the relevant meanings of the sentence.
5- Creates Short Term memory
When the listener become efficient in making sense of the sentence he keeps back the information he has attained from the sentence and hold it the in short-term memory.
Discourse,meanings and response
6- Discourse Devices
Afterwards he becomes familiar with interrelated devices in talk.
7- Infer Implied Meanings
When he has learned the discourse devices being used by the speaker he tries to infer the implied meaning and intention of the speaker. It is an elevated step of listening where the listener is near to reach the perfection of the listening.
8- Make Prediction
After a lot of such purposeful and effective listening the listener is able to predict. He can easily tell the next contour of the discourse. He predicts forehand what is to be said.
9- Deciding Response
The last step in the process is the selection of the response on the part of listener. After completely understanding the speech he decides himself how to respond to this speech talk or discourse. It is the zenith of listening process. This step completes the process.
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