Management Information System

computer system
computer system

Management Information System

Management Information System (MIS) is a system to convert data from internal and external sources into information to communicate that information, in an appropriate form to managers at all the levels in all the functions to make timely and effective decisions for planning, directing and controlling the activities for which they are responsible. This definition of MIS was given by Lucey.

Thus MIS is a planned system of collecting data, processing into information, storing it and provided to management to carry out the functions. MIS is right information to the right person at the right place in the right time at the right cost.

The term is commonly used to refer to the group of information management methods tied to the automation or support of human decision making, e.g. Decision Support Systems, Expert systems and Executive information systems

Data-----> Information-----> Communication------> Decisions

Scope and Need of MIS

· Management

· Information

· System

MANAGEMENT

Management is the process of planning and regulating the activities of an organization. It is used to form the policies and executing them for the designing and organizing the employment and activities within the organization.

Functions of Management are:

  1. Planning
  2. Organizing
  3. Staffing
  4. Directing
  5. Controlling

INFORMATION

It consists of data that have been retrieved, processed or used for the informative purpose by the management.

SYSTEM

A system is a set of elements joined together for a common purpose. A system can consists of many sub system. A sub-system is a part of large system which solve independently and result is given to the whole system.

COMPONONTS OF MIS

  • Hardware
  • Software
  • Procedures
  • Personal

PRE-REQUISTES OF MIS

  • System should be unified
  • Should support decisions
  • Should be compatible with the organization structure and culture
  • Should be user involvement and user orientation
  • Should be cost effective and beneficial
  • Should be speedy and accurate
  • Should provide valid information
  • Should be responsive to changes within and around the organization

Management Information System

MIS Life Cycle
MIS Life Cycle

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