The Difference: Leader or Manager? How to Develop the Top Best Qualities of Leadership

A Leader Is a Stand Out

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Advancement On the Job

Regardless of the dynamics, some of these managers remain stymied in the same occupational title and pay level for decades. They become "too valuable in their positions to replace' and "not valuable enough" as asset for the administration develop to move up the ladder and secure increased company results. Such development may be viewed as a risky gamble by the company leadership and training costs and replacement costs to move up that manager may be formidable.

We have seen the portrayal in film, television, and art of the frustrated, hardworking manager toiling around the clock in rolled-up shirtsleeves.

Such a hands-on manager, in fact, can be inspiring to subordinates, but he can also work himself into illness. He/she likely could accomplish more for the company by delegating duties and leading subordinates into a network that is structured for optimal results.

Leadership qualities are the characteristics that propel the manager upward in the company and a long-term career. They produce increased business results for the company and the customers or clients that it serves.

Leaders Stand Out with Bright Ideas

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Exploring New Ideas
Exploring New Ideas
Exploring New Ideas | Source

Manager Development

Leader. Leadership. One of these might be the first word that comes to mind when someone asks themselves, "What qualities make a good manager?" That word might or might not be part of any individual person that is a manager.

Some may think that a Manager and a Leader are the same, but they are not necessarily identical. An effective manager will have leadership qualities and "manager" will be only one facet of a "LEADER."

A Leader possesses a natural set of talents that inspire people to follow, to be loyal, and to produce. Some managers have these qualities, but others do not possess them, or have them to some degree that can be enhanced through training and coaching. Ongoing Professional Development would target that need and a good alternative would be Self-Improvement training through books, a career coach, a counselor, a job club, a professional organization, or other entities and resources.

Those managers that do not have specific leadership qualities and talents or that do not receive guidance to draw them out sometimes work much harder than their subordinates to produce results for the company. In extreme cases, they may even become workaholics and possibly feel that their subordinates are not capable of adequate work production and quality. He/she may become resentful of them and they of him/her.

Stress Relief. A leader must be able to handle and channel stresses in and out of the workplace.
Stress Relief. A leader must be able to handle and channel stresses in and out of the workplace. | Source

Functions of a Manager

Sometimes, a manager is a babysitter with a glorified title. This might be someone that accepts the title "Manager" and by doing so, helps to lower an organizational framework over a group of people - There are now a Manager and Subordinates, where before, everyone was more or less equal and a kind of pecking order likely existed - This pecking order, actually, is an informal Vertical Team in a self-placed hierarchy.

There is a clearer hierarchy after the installation of a Manager and the natural pecking order may assert itself more strongly within it. In fact, some people might quit if they do not think the Manager deserves to be a Manager, even if there is no increase in pay or duties with the title. Whatever the manifestation, if the Manager does not use leadership qualities to advantage, the dynamics of the work group may change for the worse.

Sometimes a manager is actually a frontline worker (as opposed to a supervisor) that is paid just a bit more than subordinates in order to set a faster, more productive work pace. I have known managers that earned only 5 cents per hour more than their subordinates, yet produced 50+% more work output, performing the same job and having very few additional responsibilities. One such manager's only additional role was to be the first of the group to arrive and the last to leave, just before the Department Supervisor.

A Manager and a Leader, then, are not necessarily the same. In addition, effective management is a skill needed by leaders when they hope and plan to rise in the workplace to higher, more responsible, and better-paying job titles during a long-term or lifelong career.

Colin Powell and 13 Rules of Leadership

Different Job Personalities

Leadership

Leadership is one characteristics of an Effective Manager.

The goal a manager is to maximize work output for the company. To do so, effective managers must:

  • Organize
  • Plan and schedule
  • Hire, staff, develop, and fire as needed
  • Direct assigned operations
  • Control production and costs
  • Act as a role model - e.g. work in production him(her)self as needed

At times, leadership is not even required in management - very self-motivated teams do not always need a central leader (this is more like a democratic Horizontal Team). Other times, a natural leader may arise in a work group, and is not the Manager. This may result in conflict.

Points of View

Managers often think in terms of production and Leaders think in terms of the future.

Managers may follow manuals and quotas while Leaders follow their own vision and innovation.

Managers work, while Leaders think and create.

Managers are often a cog in the company wheel of production, while Leaders are outside production as stand out in their un-cog-like differences.

Aside from the foregoing discussion, effective Managers need these skills. We can remember them by recalling:

I CEEE CAT (I see cat.)

Integrity

Competence

Effective, Appropriate, and Timely Communication

Enthusiasm/Energy

Empathy

Calm During Crises - Confidence and skillful problem-solving

Ability to Delegate

Team-Building Skills


Additional characteristics, skills, and personal qualities will enhance the work of and the results achieved by both Leaders and Managers, and the above list is a very good foundation upon which to build an effective Job Personality.

© 2008 Patty Inglish

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Comments 70 comments

Hazok profile image

Hazok 8 years ago from Malaysia

Excellent as always. thanks.


LanceHarris profile image

LanceHarris 8 years ago from Sydney, Australia

It's obvious without reading this article, that managers are subdued as their act of duty, within a workplace and can be very uneasy and unpleasant people to be around.

Where as leaders, with leadership qualities always show the epitome of what is publically seen as "good" in societies eye.

I feel good for my assumption, hope it was somewhat similar.


solarshingles profile image

solarshingles 8 years ago from london

Management vs Leadership. How to combine both skills for the beast possible impact? Well, that is not so easy and it takes a bit more thinking and a bit more acting, but it is very worthwhile in any endeavour.


Richard Townsend 8 years ago

Great article: can I add my thoughts (actually its an old training article I wrote)...

POLARITIES IN ORGANISATIONAL LIFE (DO WE NEED TWO HEADS)

Traditional management concerned itself with supervision; checking, delegating, controlling, inputs and ensuring staff did what they are told. Managers where seen as fitting along a style line between laissez-faire and autocratic, with the ideal supposedly near the middle as a democrat.

Today the issue is more complex and with an empowered workforce our style is less relevant and as managers need to become ‘more things’ to a more demanding workforce. The concept of managers needing to fulfill a leader role is prevalent. Some even argue managers are no longer required and it’s only leaders that will drive the companies of the future. This is fine in theory however corporate culture can take a long time to change and most managers are expected to fulfill the duel role. This creates inner conflict as the ideals of the two disciplines are at opposite ends of the spectrum.

MANAGEMENT is about: CONTROLLING…don’t leave the department, check what they’re up to, define competence requirements and ‘title and position give authority’ V.’s LEADERSHIP, which is about: FREEDOM…finding ways to encourage new ideas, creativity and initiative by letting ‘followers’ participate in a flexible situation where authority is shared.

MANAGEMENT is about: SURVIVING…dealing with short-term operational needs and processes whilst strictly controlling costs and watching the budget V.’s LEADERSHIP, which is about: GROWTH… to be achieved through identifying new (and possibly risky) ventures that could be the basis for future income (and perhaps losses)

MANAGEMENT is about: MANAGING… instructing, allocating, delegating, following up, organizing and directing V.’s LEADERSHIP, which is about: LEADING… inspiring, helping, encouraging teamwork, coaching, supporting and aligning

MANAGEMENT is about: ADMINISTRATING… overseeing activities, processes & individual tasks, control & supervision V.’s LEADERSHIP, which is about: PLANNING…seeking process improvement, implementing change, agreeing goals and empowering followers

DO YOU NEED LEADERS, MANAGERS… OR BOTH, TWO HEADS… ONE BODY?

Worth a thought!

Ric www.orglearn.org


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

Thanks for all the comments! Some nagagers have leadership skills and others have not so many. In the latter case, what is required is a redirection fo thought and action. It's very different, noe-to-the-grindstone vs leadership!


stephhicks68 profile image

stephhicks68 8 years ago from Bend, Oregon

Total thumbs up - once again, an excellent resource, Patty. Thought provoking as well. Thanks - Steph


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

Hi steph! Thanks for coming by and posting!

When I graduated from high school, I believed that the harder you worked and the more you got done well, the higher raises and faster promotions you'd get. I was disapppointed that this was not the case. So, to get ahead, we have to look up from the grindstone and use some vision, as well as work hard. :)


an4u 8 years ago

Thanks for the post, it was very comprehensive.

manager is the one who get things done through people while a leader is the one who influence or transact others to attain desired objectives.

http://petitmal86.blogspot.com/


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

I hope you post some stories about/from your blog!


marisuewrites profile image

marisuewrites 8 years ago from USA

This is great info..well thought out. I believe a manager inspires, leads by example, makes decisions with compassion but not to sacrifice the company in the process; puts people before profit at least some of the time; understands that some may produce to a level of surpassing the management's expectations and allows that to happen by not being territorial.

Many other characteristics...as you have stated....excellent HUB...food for thought. =)


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

Hello marisuewrites! I appreciate your comments a lot. Good input!


BENNY 8 years ago

very timely and useful.. I need this for my training...


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

Glad we could be of help, Benny. Please let us know how it works out for you!


Don Simkovich profile image

Don Simkovich 8 years ago from Pasadena, CA

You did a nice job outlining the dilemma that managers face - being in the same role -- too valuable to demote and yet not valuable enough to promote. They're stuck in a "mote" . . . although an effective manager can take pride in being like a good teacher, I believe. They can develop the attributes of others rising up in an organization.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

Hi Don, I like your take on the "mote." Good managers are indeed valuable teachers. Thanks so much for visitng!


jatin 8 years ago

all managers are leaders or all leaders are managers


Percy 8 years ago

Managers can be leaders if the apply them selves to the objectives and vision/goals of the organization. If they are part of the solution they are a part of the problem.

Percy


Percy 8 years ago

Sorry for the mis print above. I mean that If a manager is not a part of the solution, then they would be a part of the problem. Strive for excellence.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

Thank you , Percy! I believe that increasing numbers of managers are attending leadship seminars and are emerging form the nose-to-the-grindstone-only mode to look up and around with a vision for success. I hope they ALL do this.


Elena. profile image

Elena. 7 years ago from Madrid

"Managers work, while Leaders think and create." Gotta say, thinking and creating is also strenuous WORK! Laugh! Jokes aside, this is very informative. In my experience, though, some managers have aptitude to learn the trade of leadership, but mostly, leaders have it in them. Regardless, it's great that some of the "qualities" of leadership can actually be learned. This ought to help a lot of managers! Well done!


kappa022 profile image

kappa022 7 years ago from Florida

Another quality hub, excellent tips all managers should know, well done!


mobi 7 years ago

a manager can be leader but a leader can not be a manager


kenderso profile image

kenderso 7 years ago from Phoenix

I would say that we need to be both a "manager" and a "leader". Two hats, both required for us to perform well. Leadership is about inspiration, management is more about "task focus".


ontheway profile image

ontheway 7 years ago

Manager Leader

very good, I support you, come on , welcome to my hub!


pasha 7 years ago

gud


lead365 profile image

lead365 7 years ago from Florida

"Managers often think in terms of production and Leaders think in terms of the future."

What a great qoute. This is a good hub. It's great to read others who see the difference and are wanting to empower others.


A manager does things the right way while a manager does the right things. 7 years ago

A manager does things the right way while a leader does the right things.


ryanhailee 7 years ago

A manager thinks on terms of this is what i want to happen?

A leader would say this is where we are going and this is how I see us getting there, what are your suggestions to getting there? Thinking like this will not only show a future vision and also inspires the team by making them part of the solution to making the future goals.


david11oyd profile image

david11oyd 7 years ago from Sydney Aust.

Management is how the world is today... Leadership is how we would like the world tomorrow!


MICHAEL ASABERE 7 years ago

I think manager has subbodinates under him whiles a leader has followers


huck tooey profile image

huck tooey 7 years ago from Vineland NJ

Good Hub....My 2 cents....I think a manager has employees working for him doing as he/she says never questioning just doing..While a good manaager aks questions takes suggestions and ultimatly leads his CO-WORKERS to success.

Praise in public.... Disipline in private


TrudyVan profile image

TrudyVan 6 years ago from South Africa

You are correct. A good manager inspires and has a productive workforce.


kat go 6 years ago

wow... this article helped me a lot in my assignment!! thanks for your brilliant ideas patty.. =)


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 6 years ago from North America Author

Thanks for reading and making great comments, Friends!

kat go - It is awesome that this page could help you with an assignment.


wachara Jevence 6 years ago

Leaders are always looking for betterand more efficient ways of doing things,A maneger just accepts the organizations makeup and culture and does all that he or she can to cement the company's status quo.


manageresponsible profile image

manageresponsible 6 years ago

If all managers are a good leader, then they will be that effective and all will succeed in place...great post!


mulunesh  6 years ago

it enhnce me more


france 6 years ago

but for me leader before manager because without leader there will no good plan will made... so leader first to become a manager.


luthfi 6 years ago

this page teach me a lot about the management..at my college,i often wonder who is more important..manager or leader??i think both is important because we have to co opperate,work together and teamwork for success in some organization..


Baskaran Nair 6 years ago

I really wonder how many of us have actually come across the Fable on "Who is more important?". This 'story' is about the different parts of our body arguing. It surely teaches all of us irrespective of what positions we hold in an organization that in the first instance this question or even the thought of it should not arise !Eventually the moral of that story points out that ego is the cause of ALL the disaster! "A great many people think they are thinking when they are actually rearranging their prejudices."


yukah.29 6 years ago

tnx for the information..about leader and manager..b'coz this article helped me a lot of my ass. tnx again.....


busari ibrahim 6 years ago

yes,thank you all.but which one is most important


nobs 5 years ago

a leader thinks while a manager sits


saki 5 years ago

nice thanks a lot


syamini bascaran 5 years ago

nice and clear understanding article tanx


princessmyat 5 years ago

'thanks to your ideas.. it helps me know the difference between a leader and a manager. actually it's my assignment..


maxravi profile image

maxravi 5 years ago from Pune, India

Very nice and useful info.I like this hub.


dandy 5 years ago

gud inf


nana serwaah osei-adjei 5 years ago

so can i ask this question that "are all managers leaders?"


maxwell churchez 5 years ago

i really like this......it has helped me so much..thank u


maxwell churchez 5 years ago

please,i want to ask a question"are all managers leaders?"..


ukddon 5 years ago

Thanks alot.The info makes a better tomorrow.Bless You.


Mr Malik 5 years ago

i am very pleased because this info help me to much


VICTOR 5 years ago

I WANT TO KNOW FROM YOU, THAT ARE ALL MANAGERS LEADERS? WHAT DOES IT TAKE ONE TO BE A LEADER AND A MANAGER AS WELL?


nessie 5 years ago

thumbs up Patty!!! such a great piece....!!! learnt so much today!!! n oh, so much help in working on my assignment :-)


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 5 years ago from North America Author

Thanks, nessie - hope it really helps solidifyy your work and gives you material for your own best future. Best wishes! -- Patty


Jason Castro Yanday 5 years ago

Thanks a lot of this article and the writer gave me a lot of idea about the difference of Leader and Manager.tnx

jason


Derrick Ampadu 5 years ago

Management and leadership are often used interchangeably in this dispensation and even decades before, but there is a clear distinction between these two areas of studies. Concisely, leadership is an aspect of management.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 5 years ago from North America Author

Could be, but many times, managers are like babysitters that are refused promotion because they babysit the operation too well. They must quit and go elsewhere to be placed into higher levels of respsonsibility and pay.


Roy Kauheva 4 years ago

Well, the distinction is correctly illustrated.But some leaders think they are god fathers and they know everything therefore there is no need to listen to their subordnates.Where do such leaders fall?


mughal 4 years ago

yes i agree with the thoughts of Colin Powell


Stella Nig 4 years ago

Leaders are found in a group or clubs but managers are found in a business organization or company.


cema 4 years ago

Thank so much.. It was vry useful


sam 4 years ago

think of a few supervisors you've worked for and with over the years. Would you say they were effective managers? Also, would you say they were effective leaders? Were any of those individuals a good leader, but a poor manager? What about vice versa?


keeshang 4 years ago

:))It encouraging me to study hard , because of your comments ..I LEARNED A LOT,,and makes me feel more interesting in my course.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 4 years ago from North America Author

Congratulations on your field of study!


Damien Game 4 years ago

This page has given me great direction for an assignment of mine, where I am required to compare and contrast managers and leaders. Thanks a lot for the resource!!


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 4 years ago from North America Author

Hi Damien,

I'm glad this can be of use for you. A lot of managers believe they are higher-level leaders, but actually do not understand the role of a leader. You may be able to help the public to see that.


diamond1mo profile image

diamond1mo 4 years ago from Arizona

Leading is the art of motivating others towards common goals whereas management is merely supervising them while they work towards those goals. Leadership is rarely based on being in a position of authority.


doddid profile image

doddid 3 years ago from Bandung Indonesia

nice sharing :) Leader is inspiring people... Manager is directing people

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    Patty Inglish, MS profile image

    Patty Inglish (Patty Inglish, MS)6,757 Followers
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