Participate in a Workplace Communication, Part 9

INFORMATION SHEET No. 7

SIGNIFICANCE OF VOCUBULARY: Relation to Comprehension Skill

Meaning and Distinctions of Types

Vocabulary refers to the stock or range of words available to you for use in oral and written communication, words you understand from listening to others speak, or from reading and which you can use in writing.

In your reading, the problem is usually not so much to form words but sometimes to figure out words already written which might be unfamiliar to you. If you can recognize that a word is made up of other words or word parts that you know you may be able to figure out the word even if it seems unfamiliar at first. Figuring out how words nare made up of different parts, souding them out in order to pronouce them and examining how they are used in order to get meaning from them, are all methods of word attack which can help you understand new or unfamiliar words you encounter in your reading. The methods or word attack may be reffered to as reading tactics.

There are two ways of viewing vocabulary: 1). From the standpoint of the communhication skills, and 2). From the standpoint of usefulness or purpose.

  1. From the first standpoint, we have three vocabularies: one for reading (or listening), one for writing, and one for speaking. Our reading vocabulary in English is the largest, because we can guess at the meaning of an isolated word by the way it is used. Our writing vocabulary is smaller, but it is larger than our speaking vocabulary because we have the time when writing to think of the right word we want to use which we may not have when speaking. Our speaking vocabulary is the smallest, because if the words to express the exact shade of meaning aren’t there waiting for us, we fall back on cliches, or words which don’t quite express our intended meaning but will have tgo “make do”. However, this is true of students, like Filipinos, to whom English is not the first language. Also the listening voicabulary might in a sense be smaller than the reading one if the listener’s grasp of correct pronunciation is inadequate.
  1. From the second standpoint vocabularies are classified either as

technical or general or as working or recognition. The technical

vocabulary consists of words from specialized fields, words like

ecology, iambic, isobar, sirocco, ionosphere, pyrometer, isotopes,

aeration, symbiosis. Your general vocabulary is made up of words

that you use in ordinary conversation and in correspondence.

  1. Your working vocabulary has in it the words that you use in spelling and in writing, while your recognition vocabulary is composed of those words that you may understand in listening and in reading. All four, of course, overlap.

WAYS OF BUILDING A VOCABULARY

One authority suggests that to build your vocabulary you must:

1. become curious about words;

2. read more

3. develop skill in finding meaning from context;

4. set up a card system; and

5. learn the function of key prefixes, suffixes and roots

Be curious about words - Begin by selecting from what you read today those words which you feel are essentail to you whether you read, write, listen or speak. Then as you read more and more in the varied field that interest you or in your particular course, notice the words that appear again and again, for inevitably you will need to add them to your working vocabulary. As you add these recurring words, you’ll notice that one of the effect is greater skill in selecting words to learn for your own use in communicating your thoughts to others and in your chosen profession especially.

Reading More –Reading more means reading widely. It does not mean to read more and more of the same, so be careful not to specialize. Consider, first of all which sections and items of your newspaper you are neglecting. Try out your curiosity on the words in an editorial as well as those in a feature article or human interest story. Reach for a different magazine next time you view the whole array on the shelves in the library.

It must be remembered that reading is a habit. Once you have developed the habit you never lose it. But you must somehow be exposed to reading early enough in life to have it become a part of your daily routine, like washing your face or breathing. Most school children in our highly seasoned, electronic, picture conscious age have never been exposed to the reading habit and cannot, therefore, read without effort. Some modern children seldom if ever read for fun. Like muscles that are almost never used, their concentration and interest give way quickly. They prefer the automatic, pictorialsensation of TV (which can be highly instructive and entertaining at times) rather than the “tedious” movement of the eyes from left to right, from right to left on line after line after line of unillustrated print. “There’s a cerain sadness in realizing that a whopping segment of the exploding new teen-age generation never really reads anything unless forced to do so.

Finding Meaning from Context. Suppose that in your reading you meet a new word yet it is not something you feel you should add to either your recognition or working vocabulary, however, its meaning will be essential to your understanding of what you are reading. Instead of immediately looking up such a word in your dictionary, try to figure out what it means by considering the words and phrases around it. These will usually throw some light on its meaning.

Even when you do use a dictionary you will often have to pay attention to the words around an unfamiliar word to find the word’s “exact” meaning, to single out the one meaning that fits from among the many dictionary meanings. It is therefore advisable to look around a strange or puzzling word nfor clues to meaning. You can then arrive at the meanings of certain words through the clues provided by the words that surround them. Such clues could be in the form of outright definition, an appositive, or an explanation in parenthesis or in a subsequent statement. This process is called lo9oking for meaning throught context clues.

Word Attack Through Context Clues – What is meant by context clues? When you look at a picture the different objects in that picture provide you with clues which help you to understand what the picture is all about. In a sentence there are also clues – word clues. Just as a picture is a context because it gives you information about what an unfamiliar word in the sentence.

Two kinds of context clues – There are two kinds of context clues: 1) direct and 2). Indirect. The direct context clues tell you exactly what the italicized oir underlined word means. Indirect context clues are words not found in the sentence but help you to know the meaning of the word.

Methods of Discovering Meaning from context – There are four methods of discovering meaning from context and these are:

a) by inference – the person skilled in vocabulary techniques does not need to guess about the meaning of an unfamiliar word because he can draw inferences from the way a word nis used in the sentence or paragraph he’s reading. He “reads between the lines,” finding both what is suggested and what is said. Inference then is the process of drawing reasonable conclusions from bits of evidence.

b) Direct Explanation – frequently, a writer will define a certain word if he decides that it may be unfamiliar to the majority of readers, or if he wants to emphasize the significance of the word. In your reading, therefore, be alert to this technique. For illustration note: An ascetic, living an austere and lonely life of self-denial, believes this existence will lead to spiritual and intellectual perfection. It is obvious that the writer has clearly stated the meaning of ascetic believing it might give the read some difficulty.

c) Indirectly Explanation – another device that a writer uses to communicate word meaning is to explain the meaning of an unfamiliar word in a phrase or clause fitted skillfully into the main structure. To illustrate, note:

Sabotage, with its destruction of enemy supplies and property, was used often by boith sides during World War II.

The proposed document, filled with misleading information and

vague generalities, was completely ambiguous and prevented any positive

action by the United States.

The phrases with its destruction of enemy supplies and property and filled with misleading information and vague generalities help to convey the meaning of sabotage and ambiguous.

However, finding meaning by examining the context need not mean completely replacing the use of the dictionary. You could go beyond any contextual clues and study the dictionary entry for the one best, the exact meaning.

By the simile – the simile, a comparision made clear by the use of the word like or as is frequent employed to assist the reader with word meaning. In the practicum exercises, observe how the similes help with meaning.

d). Using the dictionary and card system – An effective means of adding words to your vocabulary is to set up a file of vocabulary cards. Acquire a pack or two of 3 by 5 or 4 by 6 inch cards- the unruled ones-and keep them in a box. Carry a number of blank cards with you so that whenever you hear a word you believe essential to your vocabulary, jot it down. Write no more than one word on a card. Should any situation –a test, for example-fail to permit this practice, make a mental note and put the word on a card at a more convenient time. While you read, do the same thing; furthermore, whenever possible, write down the sentence in which you found the word. Group the cards alphabetically under separate headings, and mark each group with an identifying tab on a plain white card so that you can find the categories easily as you work with them.

WORD ATTACK THROUGH STRUCTURE AND SOUND:

Many of the words you encounternin your reading that may seem unfamiliar at first are made up of parts you already know. The same basic word can be combined with other words or word parts to produce different meanings. When you can figure out the parts that a word is made of and from them figure out the meaning of the word you are using the words structure to undestand what it means. A word that is a derivative is usually made up of the root with a prefix before it or a suffix after it or both (informal).

A knowledge of prefixes or suffixes, and roots will indeed help you figure out the meaning of many an unfamiliar word. Such knowledge will also make increasing you vocabulary a more interesting experience.

5. Roots, Prefixes, and suffixes:

Roots – The basic element in a word is called a “root” or “stem” This part may appear alone (as a word); as an element of a compound or as a part, expanded by a prefix, suffix, or both.

Prefix – is a form attached to the beginning of a word that changes the meaning of the word or makes a new word. A few prefixes are single letters, most are syllables, some are words. Prefixes have been added to gnostic, known, meter, and ordinary, for example-giving us these words: agnostic, unknown, perimeter and extraordinary.

A knowledge of prefixes frequently helps a reader to grasp the meaning of an unfamiliar word because he can see that its parts are not unfamiliar. He knows the meaning of the prefix and he recognizes the word to which it is attached. In short order, with or without the help of context clues, he has the new meaning.

Suffixes – is a short form added to the ending of a word. Its function is to indicate the part of speech of the word. Suffixes give a word new uses and modify its meaning.

Familiarize yourself with the technical terms commonly used in your course.

NOTE: The source will be from the CBLM of technology subjects.


ACTIVITY SHEET No. 7


A. Here are some exercises. Each sentence contains a clue that will

help you choose the right answer. The clue may be one of the

following: a definition, a familiar experience, a familiar expression

a contrast or a comparison, a synonym or an antonyms and a

summary.

1.Anita and Rosa live next door. They are (friends, neighbors, classmates)

2. Although there was lack of water in the community, food was cheap, expensive, sufficient)

3. A Travelers in the Orient often hire a dragonman who interprets what they say, especially while shopping or sightseeing. A dragonman is an (animal, a businessman, an interpreter).

4. We paid the usual rate for our tickets. Rate means (class, speed, price).

5. The old woman was so angry that she spoke in a quavering voice. Quavering means (shaking, booming, soothing).

6. There was really no room for mistake because his figures were (easy, approximate, accurate).

7. His lack of skill with his hands is offset by his (wisdom, knowledge, ability) in mental work.

8. Our methods of farming are still primitive when compared with those of the highly (urban, rural, mechanized) countries like the UnitedState.

9. To understand the present installment of his serialized fiction, one must read the (following, closing, preceding) chapters.

10. When her daugther failed to show up after two days, the (sorrow, anxiety, enthusiasm) became so great she deceided to call the police.

11. Structural analysis is the means by which we identify the parts of a word which form meaning units or pronunciation units within the word. Thus learning to attack na new word by studying its roots and affixes is called _____analysis.

12. The root word is called the core or nucleus because it is the principal carrier of _____

13. Prefixes and suffixes are small meaningful units that are added to the root. When these meaningful units come before the root they are called____.

14. Looking little word within big words is also one kind of _____analysis.

15. The birdhouse is made up of two little words, ____and house. It means a ______ for birds


SELF- CHECK No. 7


B. Assignment Sheet:

Refer to technical manual. Choose 5 technical terms that are

commonly used in your shoproom and give their meaning.


Comments 31 comments

alona f. ocsillos 5 years ago

* knowledge that reading makes sense

* readers' prior knowledge

* information presented in the text, and

* the use of context to assist recognition of words and meaning


altre 5 years ago

1.friends

2.expensive

3.businessman

4.speed

5.shaking

6.accurate

7.ability

8.rural

9.(following

10.sorrow

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.


kristel ann fernandez 5 years ago

1.housekeeping-housekeeping is the department that deals essentially with cleanliness and all ancillary service attached to that.

2.too much washing powder-using a little extra washing powder or freshener on your clothes may actually breakdown your clothes and sometimes leave white dust from the powder on your clothes because the water is saturated from overuse of powder.

3.cleaning tricks-I got hair on a new white linen blouse and by spraying hair spray on and washing twice with hair spray in between washing it come out.

4.protect with regular furniture polish-after cleaning ashtray , rub a little polish on the ashtray and ashes will not adhere to it.

5.news paper for cleaning window-news paper used to contain something called "lamp black" which was apparently good for cleaning windows.


Benjie D.Aquino 5 years ago

1.Cooking food-when you preparing a food make sure that all the procedure should be follow.When you cooking you must know how to create something different so that your guest or customer should not leave you.

2.Waiter-a person who serving a food for guest or customer.if you are waiter you must know how to communicate people around you don't be shy you must prove that you have a self confidence to your self.

3.Room attendant-us an R.A.,you must know how to communicate specially the guest.You must be patient,understanding,so that the guest should come back next for check-in.

4.Entrepreneur-a person who running his/her business.Us entrepreneur you must know how to handle it so that it might be down.

5.Food server-you must know how to deals w/the customer.You must be neat to face them and also your food that you give or serve must be clean and easy to sell it w/the customer.


Renalyn R. Madriaga 5 years ago

Some people are not interested to read books.But you know it makes you to enhance your knowledge and vocabulary if you are reading.We can use it in our daily life even you are at home.I have been through to that four years ago and it was amazing.Books,dictionaries,bible and even Jehova Witnesses brochure are my good friends.Now,i already improve it and i want to develop it more.I also made my own poems and then wrote songs.Because of that i learn more.All about encounter a strange words don't be afraid just analyze it then try to understand well.Tips for you to read books and not to be bored well,just figure it out make fun then explore in any kinds of books then filled it with imagination and emotion.That's what i did before.Let's go discover yourselves.


Rhon P. Victorio SMAW-A 5 years ago

Grinding stone - is the one very important.If you don't have that one, you cannot use the grinder to grind the metal.


robin o.atractivo SMAW-A 5 years ago

1.(classmate)

2.(expensive)

3.(businessman)

4.(speed)

5(shaking)

6.(accurate)

7.(ability)

8.(rural)

9.(following)

10.(sorrow)

11.housekeeping-housekeeping is the department that deals essentially with cleanliness.

12.Waiter-a person who serving a food for guest or customer.if you are waiter you must know how to communicate people.


jerome viray 5 years ago

*reading-to develop skill in reading a book

*vocabulary-to fine a meaning from book

*book-learn to function key of reading


Jehiel Ram R. Egbalic 5 years ago

(READING)Reading are develop our skill and enhance knowledge..

(LOVE)Love is joy

(ABILITY)Ability are prevent our skills.


Jake R. Colisao 5 years ago

reading is a way of learning more things. advance reading is like earning some knowledge. you need to focus on what you are reading.


Edmar N.Nacario SMaW-A 5 years ago

1.Neighbors

2.Expensive

3.An Interpreter

4.Price

5.Soothing

6.Approximate

7.Ability

8.Mechanized

9.Following

10.Sorrow

11.


Gerald A. Tandoc SMAW-A 5 years ago

Grinding stone - is the one very important.bec. the grinding is grind these metal for the finish on activity .


RAYMART P. ALTRE SMAW A 5 years ago

1.CLASSMATE

2.EXPENSIVE

3.AN INTERPRETER

4.PRICE

5.SOOTING


Jayson T. Bautista SMAW A 5 years ago

1.(friends)

2.(expensive)

3.(businessman)

4.(speed)

5.(shaking)

6.(accurate)

7.(ability)

8.(rural)

9.(following)

10.(sorrow)

11.

12.businessman because u can deal to any people and u can improve your shyness.


Bradley B. Nacino 5 years ago

1.friends

2.expensive

3.interpreter

4.price

5.shaking

6.accurate

7.ability

8.mechanized

9.following

10.sorrow

11.prefix

12.roots

13.

14.

15.bird,house


RAYMART P. ALTRE SMAW A 5 years ago

1.FRIENDS

2.EXPENSIVE

3.BUSINESS

4.SPEED

5.SHAKING

6.SOOTING

7.ABILITY

8.RURAL

9.FOLLOWING

`1O.SORROW

.ABILITY

8.RURAL

9.FOLL

8.RURAL

9.FOLLOWING


Mario S. Macaraeg 5 years ago

1. House keeping - refers to cleaning of work area.

2. Welding - refers to putting metals together with the use of an electrode manually controlled by a welder.

3. Grinding - using of grinder for better surfacing of work.

4. Clamping - holding the workpiece to a certain position.

5. Chipping - removal of flux produced after welding process.


jacky c. de guzman SMAW-A 5 years ago

1.friends

2.expensive

3.businessman

4.price

5.shaking

6.easy

7.ability

8.rural

9.following

10.sorrow

11.prefix

12.

13.

14.

15.


Bradley B. Nacino 5 years ago

1.

2.steel brush-is use to remove remnants of slag from weld after chipping.

3.chipping hummer-is use to chip slag from the weld.

4.welding shield/helmet-is use to protect our face and eyes from the arc rays and heat and the spatter from the molten metal.

5.welding gloves-use to protects our hands from heat,spatter and radiations.


Ariston II A. Jimenez 5 years ago

The "COMPUTER HARDWARE SERVICING" -have a four (4) core competencies. *Install comp. systems & networks. *Diagnose & troubleshoot comp. systems. *Configure comp. systems & networks. *Maintain comp. systems and network.

1.Employed your knowledge & common sense.

2.You know the troubleshooting is a logical, systematic search for the source of a problem.

3.Needed to develop and maintain complex system where the symptoms of a problem can have many possible causes.

4.Then you have a critical thinking.


rowena s.samson 5 years ago

1.nieghbors

2.expensive

3.businessman

4.speeds

5.soothing

6easy

7.ability

8.rural

9.following

10.sorrow


remy daniwan 5 years ago

1.Room Attendant- is a common called to the chambermaids or housekeeper to a hotel or resort or motel.

2.DND sign- or "DO NOT DISTURB",and always you see that sign hang at the door knob.

3.MAKE UP SIGN- means the guest requesting to make up his room for cleaning.And it easily you see that sign hang at the door knob.


michael v. canto smaw b 5 years ago

Readers must develop certain skills that will help them comprehend... Comprehensibility in writing is related to comprehension reading.


raymund pabuna smaw-b 5 years ago

1.neighbors

2.expensive

3.businessman

4.price

5.shaking

6.easy

7.ability

8.rural

9.following

10.sorrow


JARLEY D. SOLIS 5 years ago

1.NEIGHBORS

2.EXPENSIVE

3.BUSINESSMAN

4.PRICE

5.SHAKING

6.EASY

7.ABILITY

8.RURAL

9.FOLLOWING

10.SORROW


Rocky F. Fernandez 5 years ago

1. Neighbors

2. Sufficient

3. An interpreter

4. Price

5. Shaking

6. easy

7. Ability

8. Rural

9. Following

10. Sorrow

11. Prefix

12. Affixes

13. Affixes

14. Structural

15.birds,,house of birds.


glennorfe r. calugay 5 years ago

A knowledge of prefixes or suffixes, and roots will indeed help you figure out the meaning of many an unfamiliar word. Such knowledge will also make increasing you vocabulary a more interesting experience.


bryle altre 5 years ago

1.friends

2.expensive

3.businessman

4.speed

5.shaking

6.accurate

.Ability

8.Mechanized

9.Following

10.Sorrow


Ariston III A. Jimenez 5 years ago

Commercial Cooking-B the commonly five technical term use in that this room as the following. . . .

1.To start a cooking a food=> is you clean first the surrounding before your starting to cook.

2.Personal Protective Equipment=> you need this like a hair nit, apron,gloves,pot holder, and hand towel.

3.Safety Measure=> remove accessory,wear apron and hair nit, wash your hand before cooking.

4.Organize and prepare food=> you preparing that you can need of prepare a food.

5.To serve the cook food=> before you present a food with a garnishing or something added for decoration then serve it. . .


Joey M. Melendez 5 years ago

1.(classmate)

2.(expensive)

3.(businessman)

4.(speed)

5(shaking)

6.(accurate)

7.(ability)

8.(rural)

9.(following)

10.(sorrow)


reynaldo r dela cruz jr. smaw-b 5 years ago

1.Neighbors

2.Sufficient

3.Price

4.Shaking

5.easy

6.Ability

7.Rural

8.following

9.Sorrow

10.prefix

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