The Five Functions of Management

Controlling a complex organisation so as to achieve desired goals resulted in the evolution of the concept management. Management include all those people who are concerned with managing an organisation. It is a sum of organised activities by a group of people. Management involves decision making at various levels of organisation for getting things done by others. It is both science and as well as an art, because the fundamentals of management are the same everywhere but the practices differ.

Definition of Management

"To manage is to forecast and plan, to organise, to command, to co-ordinate and to control."

- Henry Fayol

"Management is a distinct process consisting of planning, organising, activating and controlling to determine and accomplish the objectives by the use of people and resources."

- G.R. Terry

"Management is the development of people and not the direction of things. Management is the personnel administration."

- Lawrence A. Apply

"Management is the art of getting things done through and with the people in formally organised groups."

- Horold Kanontz

"Management is simply the process of decision making and control over the action of human beings for the express purpose of attaining pre-determined goals."

- Stanley Vance

Functions of Management

George and Jerry explained four fundamental functions of management. According to them functions of management are planning, organizing, actuating and controlling.

POSDCORB is the key word used by Luther Gullick to explain the functions of management In POSDCORB; P stands for planning, O for organizing, S for staffing, D for directing, Co for co-ordination, R for reporting and B for budgeting.

Newman and Summer gave the managerial functions which include organizing, planning, reading and measuring and controlling.

Koontz and O’Donnel explained five functions of management. They have become widely accepted functions of management everywhere. They are planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling.

Five Functions of Management by Koontz and O'Donnel

Five functions of management as explained by Koontz and O'Donnel are as follows;




Directing and


The above five management functions as mention by Koontz and O'Donnel were briefly explained here under.


Deciding in advance what to do, how to do, why to do, where to do and who will be responsible for doing is planning. Determination of the objectives of business, splitting of objectives into goals for each department of the organization and formulating policies, programs, procedures rules and regulations and budget are the important steps involved in planning. Read More...


Division of work into functions and sub-functions, grouping of activities that are closely related in their nature, assigning of duties and responsibilities to the employees and finally delegation of authority and power to each employee or the group to discharge their duties accordingly are the processes come under the function of management organizing. Read More...


Communication, leadership and supervision and last but not the least motivation are the elements come under the function of management, directing. Directing is nothing but guiding and leading the people in an organization. It is not just giving instructions by a superior to the sub-ordinates but also is a process of supervising, guiding and motivating the latter to achieve the organizational goals. It is a complex function of management that ensures the employees work effectively and efficiently. Read More...


The process of making out, assessing, appointing, evaluating and developing the employees at work in an organization is staffing. In here the characteristics of a job are determined primarily. It is followed by ensuring of the right number of and kind of employees are placed at the right places and at the right time when organization is in need of them. Staffing function of management begins with notifying the vacancies in the organisation and selecting the best individuals as employees. Performance appraisal and manpower development are the other processes involved under staffing function of management. Read More...


It is the process that ensures whether the resources are obtained and used efficiently in achieving the organizational objectives. Controlling function of management is closely linked with the planning function because, it includes checking the performance of employees to see whether the planned performance is being achieved by them or not. Budgetary control, Inventory control, quality control, profit and loss control, Management audit, cost accounting and cost control, production control, financial control, break-even analysis and internal audit control are the important control devices of controlling techniques. Read More...

More by this Author

Comments 25 comments

alocsin profile image

alocsin 4 years ago from Orange County, CA

A nice assessment at management. I'm not good at number 4, so doubt I'd be any kind of a manager. Voting this Up and Interesting.

Johnnyd44 profile image

Johnnyd44 4 years ago from Florida

Good breakdown of the elements. I appreciate your work and taking the time to share it.

Looking forward to reading more.


albertsj profile image

albertsj 4 years ago from Pittsfield, Ma

This is very good, helpful and well layed out. I'm not good at #5. I am if it's my own, but not someone elses. Guess that's why I've never managed. ; )Voting up and sharing.

Kamalesh050 profile image

Kamalesh050 4 years ago from Sahaganj, Dist. Hooghly, West Bengal, India

Very nice hub, enjoyed it. It's useful and interesting.

Thank you for sharing. Voted Up. Best Wishes, Kamalesh

brandyBachmann profile image

brandyBachmann 4 years ago

Good and informative hub!

Michael Oloo 4 years ago

Is staffing then seen as every managers responsibility? Any examples?

victoria 4 years ago

it has been very helpful as i answer questions in my graduate school class exam

marjorie 3 years ago

A managers need a nice heard

nikkita 3 years ago

thank you for sharing

ranjani 2 years ago

thank u lot it is very use full for my exam

JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

JYOTI KOTHARI 2 years ago from Jaipur

Hi Dilip,

Well explained hub with several management principles. Related links are very useful. You seem to ne an expert in management.

Tanks and rated up! Rated useful and awesome.

dhimanreena profile image

dhimanreena 2 years ago

You have extensively covered all important functions of management. I appreciate your in-depth knowledge on the subject.

mayuri jain 22 months ago

its really nice for students

Amara 19 months ago

Quite a good on of us didn't understand it before, glory be to God u came for rescue. I appreciate your effort in finding time for this, God bless u.

Guliye 17 months ago

Very helpful for anybody interested in management.Am now acquinted with management functions.Thanks

ronalyn 16 months ago

Its good idea

Kibwage Ronald 16 months ago

You have extensively exhausted under management and their principles, it makes us health who study management .Thanks and God bless you.

dabay sani sulaiman 16 months ago

lost but never fogortten................

danielget 14 months ago

this is good functions of mgt

Hena chaudhary 14 months ago

It is very useful for me .

Thanks you

kartheek 14 months ago

Pkease add co- ordination topic

Rahul Gaikwad 14 months ago

very helpfull and good function of mgt.

swarupa 13 months ago


swarupa 13 months ago

These are very useful my business .Thank you very much.

Priti 12 months ago

It is really helpful for me...Thank you for sharing...

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.

    Click to Rate This Article