The Importance of Planning

Planning Importance in Management

Planning is a process which involves the determination of future course of action, i.e. why an action, how to take an action, and when to take action are main subjects of planning. Check under the Importance of planning in the words of McFarland.

"Planning may be broadly defined as a concept of executive action that embodies the skill of anticipating, influencing, and controlling the nature and direction of change".

- McFarland

Plan your work & work your plan

Planning throws the searchlight of human wisdom, experience, and ingenuity into the darkness of the future.
Planning throws the searchlight of human wisdom, experience, and ingenuity into the darkness of the future.

Importance of Planning

  1. Planning increases the organization's ability to adapt to future eventualities: The future is generally uncertain and things are likely to change with the passage of time. The uncertainty is augmented with an increase in the time dimension. With such a rise in uncertainty there is generally a corresponding increase in the alternative courses of action from which a selection must be made. The planning activity provides a systematic approach to the consideration of such future uncertainties and eventualities and the planning of activities in terms of what is likely to happen.
  2. Planning helps crystallize objectives: The first step in planning is to fix objectives which will give direction to the activities to be performed. This step focuses attention on the iesults desired. A proper definition and integration of overall and departmental objectives would result in more co-ordinated inter-departmental activities and a greater chance of attaining the overall objectives.
  3. Planning ensures a relatedness among decisions: A crystallization of objectives as mentioned above would lead to a relatedness among the decisions which would otherwise have been random. Decisions of the managers are related to each other and ultimately towards the goals or objectives of the enterprise. Creativity and innovation of individuals is thus harnessed towards a more effective management of the company.
  4. Planning helps the company to remain more competitive in its industry: Planning may suggest the addition of a new line of products, changes in the methods of operation, a better identification of customer needs and segmentation and timely expansion of plant capacity all of which render the company better fitted to meet the inroads of competition.
  5. Adequate planning reduces unnecessary pressures of immediacy: If activities are not properly planned in anticipation of what is likely to happen, pressures will be exerted to achieve certain results immediately or a in a hurry. Thus adequate planning supplies orderliness and avoids unnecessary pressures.
  6. Planning reduces mistakes and oversights: Although mistakes cannot be entirely obviated, they can certainly be reduced through proper planning.
  7. Planning ensures a more productive use of the organization's resources: By avoiding wasted effort in terms of men, money and machinery, adequate planning results in greater productivity through a better utilization of the resources available to the organization.
  8. Planning makes control easier: The crystallization of objectives and goals simplify and highlight the controls required.
  9. Planning enables the identification of future problems and makes it possible to provide for such contingencies.
  10. Planning can help the organization secure a better position or standing: Adequate planning would stimulate improvements in terms of the opportunities available.
  11. Planning enables the organization to progress in the manner considered most suitable by its management: Management, for example, may be interested in stability and moderate profits rather than huge profits and risk of instability. In terms of its objectives, the plan would ensure the actions are taken to achieve such objectives.
  12. Planning increases the effectiveness of a manager: As his goals are made clearer, adequate planning would help the manager in deciding upon the most appropriate act.

Is planning a waste of time in relation to unpredictable future?

Planning in organization is the process of creating and maintaining a plan. It is a process of thinking about the activities required to accomplish a desired task or reaching the organisational goal. Choosing a destination, evaluating alternative routes, and deciding the specific course of the plan, in short, are the major steps involved in the process of planning.

Future is always unpredictable, market trend is always dynamic. Only through a proper and flexible planning future uncertainties can be tackled efficiently. Hence planning is never a waste of time in relation to unpredictable future. In fact planning is more essential to deal with the future unforeseeable trends.

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Comments 54 comments

dreamreachout 6 years ago

Wonderful hub .. Without planning your life and your proffession would go haywire!! It is always a dimension to be planned and organized!!

MakeMoneyGoal profile image

MakeMoneyGoal 6 years ago from Edinburgh

Nice hub, planning is crucial. Rated up and bookmarked.

dilipchandra12 profile image

dilipchandra12 6 years ago from India Author

Thank u...

LeanMan profile image

LeanMan 6 years ago from At the Gemba

Nice Hub, what I would say is that many companies fail to review and update plans as situations change as they do frequently with today's economy.

lmfoong profile image

lmfoong 6 years ago from Malaysia

Well written article in planning


i.hadzi profile image

i.hadzi 6 years ago

If you want to have any kind of success in life, then you have to plan your work and work your plan.

I like - I follow

dilipchandra12 profile image

dilipchandra12 6 years ago from India Author

LeanMan thanks for the comment.

dilipchandra12 profile image

dilipchandra12 6 years ago from India Author

lmfoong... Thank you.

dilipchandra12 profile image

dilipchandra12 6 years ago from India Author

i.hadzi.. plan your work and work your plan, This line is cool. Thanks for the comment.

Jack Who 6 years ago

Nice Article ... Though I initially thought that it was related to planning & forecasting ... but still fun to read ...

dilipchandra12 profile image

dilipchandra12 6 years ago from India Author

Four steps to achievement are Plan purposefully, Prepare prayerfully, Proceed positively, Pursue persistently. But have you noticed once thing Planning occupied the first position. planning is important all the time. Also it is important to remember that setting a goal is not the main thing. It is deciding how you will go about achieving it and staying with that plan.

Thanks for the comment Jack...

zenaida 5 years ago

nice Hub i got many knowledge in addition to masteral and to my work in supervision and management.... keep up the good work...

blogvicar profile image

blogvicar 5 years ago from France

As a book editor I really understand the need for proper planning. I am amazed at how many people try and write a book without some sort of up front planning and organisation. This is invariably an unwise move.

Great hub

hefseeba 5 years ago

thank u

Jussy7777777 5 years ago

Its an interesting piece. Thanks up!

opusf15 profile image

opusf15 5 years ago from Boston, Massachusetts

very comprehensive look at planning! nice job! I really like it...thumbs up! i am a fighter pilot and planning is extremely important if we are to achieve our mission objectives.

elfiendah profile image

elfiendah 5 years ago from Bogor, Indonesia

great hub! plans are the way to the goals. Set a good plan will set the good paths for success. no matter the changes happen, just stick to the plan and be tough.

dui profile image

dui 5 years ago from FL, USA

planning is really important particularly when establishing something then, when it become success, it's like a great accomplishment and you are happy to share the idea with everyone else.

Baah Gregory 5 years ago

I just like planning.i have read a lot about planning God will bless you all please i want a scholarship or other means to further my education thank you

roshert 5 years ago

i just love planning it gives you direction and help you to do you business the way u want it and achive your objectives

ABHI 5 years ago

It's a well written article which helps me a lot to do my assignment.THANK U....

amelia morris 4 years ago


BIRUNGI KULSUM 4 years ago


Lucas Hunki 4 years ago

Its very nyc. I would use it as my reference

francismalz profile image

francismalz 4 years ago from Manila, Philippines

Planning is very important.You just demonstrated planning by thinking and working on this hub. Thank you.

Takesh Dahal 4 years ago

It's really good to know about planning in Management-principles.

Ogebaby 4 years ago

Wao, These have had to my future. Planning is good.

Eze Roy Chy 4 years ago

Planning is essentially important. It is a key to actualizing a set of goals and dreams. Just work your plans and gain your success.

Ec77 4 years ago

Very useful article.

Irshad 4 years ago

Planning is necessary for executing the job because the man,material,time,money, will be easier to organise before starting the actual work coz at the neck of the time its difficulty....

Stephen-MKU Thika 4 years ago

Wow! This article has seriously helped me to know more about planning.

vidya 4 years ago

thanks it was very useful for my studies and have learn a lot

Menaka 4 years ago

Thanks a lot....

It was very usefull for my assignment..

peeruu 4 years ago

planning is just a good thing thank for these nice proceedings

Anifowose Grace 4 years ago

Any organization that fails 2 plan, is at the pit of failure, what you failed to plan for today will be a stumbling block for you tomorrow.

masoud rajabu 4 years ago

planing is verry important to our daily life because you never make any things without plan and if you make it is not real successfully.

MDE Consulting 4 years ago

This was a great read is important to everyone that has plans to be successful in any situation. Once you master the art of planning then you have a key component for the recipe of success.

Samuel Osepishi Elisha. 4 years ago

Nice work, as a student of education i really admire this article, because i am planning to succeed!

precious 4 years ago

i'm ok with the answers to my research.thanks.

Younis ahanger 4 years ago


girlie 4 years ago

i now understood it very well

richmond Adu-Gyamfi 4 years ago

thank you very much for this article. in fact, it has helped me a lot in my research work.

surbhi 4 years ago

thanx for this article...

priya 4 years ago

thanx..its very useful..

rahul 3 years ago

very good i say best

hope 3 years ago

plan is guide line of our every day activities, thank u for this article.this will help us.

Shoma 3 years ago

It is very useful,thanks

vidhya 3 years ago

It is very useful,thank u so mach

nankya catherine 2 years ago

thanks,its great

Latoya Duncan 2 years ago

Planning is very essential especially when it deals with our fututre

vijithjayapuram 24 months ago is Very useful....

Abdel 11 months ago

Its cool man can really feel an element of sustainability in planning ,was expecting it to be very generic

Nkem 2 months ago

Thanks hub, this article gave me what i want.

glyl 3 weeks ago

keep it up

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