Hi, Today, there is a huge amount of recycled products available in the market, from paper bags to fabric purses; bottles to foot wear. The reason behind the popularity of recycled products is that these products contribute in optimum usage of natural as well as artificially made materials. These products indirectly contribute in reducing air, land, and water pollution and in reducing the depletion of natural resources.
Recycled products are so-so only in terms of sustainability as most of it consists of down-cycling. meaning that the value of the product reduces. for example, paper. recycled paper is always of a lower quality due to pulp damage, etc...
well it's tricky, but if it's so easy, then we wouldn't be in such a mess right now. upcycling doesn't come easy but offshoot i can think of one. PET bottles. those plastic bottles for coke and stuff. through an enzyme process, it can be upcycled to another plastic called PHA, which can be used in medical devices.
of course, creative input into waste is another form of upcycling. waste -> art or some other use. this is the most accessible and direct form. more examples are found at: