Although the unemployment rate in the United States (U.S.) decreased by 0.33% in the first quarter of 2010 compared to last quarter of 2009, it is still not significant for us to become complacent in the employment industry. The average unemployment rate from January to March 2010 was 9.7% while data showed an average of 10.03% from October to December 2009 based on the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). However, the unemployment rate increased to 9.9% for the month of April 2010. But it recently decreased to 9.7% for May and 9.5% for June.

It may be a sign of hope, but we cannot deny that there is still an unemployment crisis even up to this day. I have previously published some articles about job hunting specifically more about interviews. We may all agree that before we can go to the next step, we must take our first phase that is making an impressive resume, or some may call it as comprehensive vitae (CV).

There are a lot of articles on secrets of, do’s and don’ts, how to make, or rules about resume making. These may sound as great advices coming from different opinions of writers, but the final decision will still come from the readers. I believe an applicant must first know the type of resume he needs to prepare before he can follow any of these tips.

Every resume varies depending on the educational background, work experiences, skills, or interests of the job seeker. Some may find it easy, while others still find it hard to get their resume to be read by their prospective employers. But if there is advancement in technology, change in fashion and healthy diet, as such there will also be a need for a makeover of our resume. There are three main types of resume you could use depending on your needs, which are the TRADITIONAL, FUNCTIONAL or COMBINATION.



This is the type of resume in chronological format based on your work experience. You write the name of all your employers, starting from the recent ones, and listing your accomplishments below each company. This may be an acceptable type, but it may be the least advisable layout to use especially if there is an unemployment gap. This can be used for entry level positions or by new graduates who doesn’t have a solid work history.



This is the type of resume that focuses more on the skills rather than the work history of an applicant. In this format, you enumerate the necessary skills and accomplishments you have that are related to the job you are applying. Your skills can be validated by your achievements at work. This is one way of diverting the attention of your reader rather than considering the number of years being unemployed. This is a great format to use for applicants who have a strong relevant work experience.



This is the type of resume that combines the element of a traditional and functional format. You indicate first the most pertinent information needed for the position you are applying. This is suitable to use for career changers, unemployed with relevant skills or stay-at-home moms returning to work. This allows you to sell your most significant background proving your skills and solid work experience.

A stay-at-home mom for almost 10 years with 4 children landed in a part-time job after 3 months of job hunting and was absorbed on a full-time position within her 5 months stint with the company. I reviewed, edited and used this Combination type of resume for her qualifications. It gave her a chance to be interviewed by her prospective employers that helped her find the work she really liked best.

You may click the photo link to get a larger view of samples of these resumes.  Applicants do not need to limit it to one page only, but 2 to 3 pages are still acceptable.  A newly graduate will have a different resume versus somebody who has 7 years of professional expertise.  It will all depend on your experiences and accomplishments. Keywords related to the job position is also important in your resume. Understanding the type of resume that you need to use will help you land in your dream job.

Note: The author used fictitious names and information in the attached resume. These were only used to present as samples for better understanding.

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Comments 16 comments

Darlene Sabella profile image

Darlene Sabella 6 years ago from Hello, my name is Toast and Jam, I live in the forest with my dog named Sam ...

Excellent and useful hub, thank you for this and I am sending it to my son...thumbs up

satomko profile image

satomko 6 years ago from Macon, GA

Thank you for sharing all these tips and examples in this tough economy.

drbj profile image

drbj 6 years ago from south Florida

Thank you, Tina, for the excellent examples of the three most common types of resumes. Since many large companies use computer programs to scan resumes, it is also important for job searchers to use keywords in their resumes that describe their sills and/or accomplishments in terms that the computer will recognize as matching some of the job requirements.

abhijeet4800 profile image

abhijeet4800 6 years ago from Pune, India

Hi...a well researched article after a long time...however..surely there is a fourth type of resume i.e targeted resume..that is customized so that it specifically highlights the experience and skills that are relevant to the job you are applying for and it is definitely different from a combination resume...what do you say???

TINA V profile image

TINA V 6 years ago Author

Hi Darlene,

I hope this article will help your son in his job search. Thank you for reading this hub. Have a great week!

TINA V profile image

TINA V 6 years ago Author

Hi Satomko,

I was hoping that this article would help our readers in their job hunt. Thank you for checking out this hub. Have a great week!

TINA V profile image

TINA V 6 years ago Author

Hi drbj,

I agree with you that keywords related to the position are really important in job search. Most companies use this to find potential applicants. Readers can check out the traditional resume for sample keywords related to HR Skills. Thank you for your additional insights. I really appreciate it. Have a great week!

TINA V profile image

TINA V 6 years ago Author

Hi abhijeet4800,

I don’t normally do a research for my employment and career hubs. I usually write it based on my experiences. I just want to share some of it to my readers in order to help them in their personal endeavor. My apology if I can only publish few articles because of my schedule. I hope I could write more.

Anyway, a “targeted resume” is a good term for customizing your resume per job position. But I believe that every resume should be customized based on the applicant’s experiences, accomplishments and the position that they are applying for. This can be achieved using the three resume format. However, I agree with drbj that keywords that are related to the job are really important.

It’s great to have an exchange of thoughts and ideas with you. I really appreciate it. Thank you. Have a great week!

Nell Rose profile image

Nell Rose 6 years ago from England

Hi, this is very well timed, both my son and me have been working on one this week as I lost my job a while ago and he is looking for another one! great info, thanks so much nell

TINA V profile image

TINA V 6 years ago Author

Hi Nell,

I am glad that this would help you and your son. Just e-mail me if you need any further assistance. I will try to be of help even in my own small way. Good luck with your job hunt!

Have a great weekend!

moons 6 years ago

it is a big help considering now that I am looking for one. I will update my resume and application letter. thanks! :)

TINA V profile image

TINA V 6 years ago Author

Hi moons,

I am glad to know that this article will help you prepare an updated resume. Just don't forget that the number of pages varies depending on your experience. Good luck with your job hunt!

Jo_Goldsmith11 profile image

Jo_Goldsmith11 5 years ago

I sure was lucky to find this great and informative hub. I really needed a professional to explain perfectly (this would be you!) on how to write a functional resume.

nice work here. And thank you for sharing the secrets! I will definitly share on face book! I voted up as well!

TINA V profile image

TINA V 5 years ago Author

Hi Jo_Goldsmith11,

I'm glad you find this hub informative. I hope it will help you or any of your friends. I really appreciate your comment. Thank you. Good luck!

ubanichijioke profile image

ubanichijioke 5 years ago from Lagos

Great hub. Thanks for the tip

TINA V profile image

TINA V 5 years ago Author

Hi ubanichijioke,

Sorry for my late reply. Thank you for checking out this hub. Have a great week!

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