Workplace Safety Issues – Topmost Things That Squelch Employee Satisfaction

Aching everything. Is this a workplace?
Aching everything. Is this a workplace?

According to me, workplace safety issues are the topmost things that squelch or put down to silence employee satisfaction in a workplace. As you know, a proper, comfortable, and suitable work environment is really necessary for a worker to prevent risk factors and reduce occupational injuries like repetitive strain injuries and cumulative trauma disorders. Many workers not only feel distressed due to the overwhelming demands at work but also feel more and more depressed due to the compromised working environment, poor quality workstations, poor tools, and poor posture, so today we will discuss how bad posture and other factors combined with increased physical demands of work increase the risk of injury and re-injury sometimes posing danger to the standard guidelines of ergonomics and workplace safety squelching employee satisfaction. Read on...

The work environment is characterized by the interaction between the following elements:

  1. The WORKER: With the attributes of width, height, strength, intellect, range of motion, education, expectations and many other physical and mental characteristics.
  2. The WORKSTATION: Including furniture, tools, display and control panels, and other items required for work.
  3. The WORKING ENVIRONMENT: Including lighting, temperature, vibration, noise, and other atmospheric qualities.

The interaction of all the above points determines the manner by which a task is performed and what are its physical demands. For example, for a load of 72.5 kg carried to 1.77 m, a male worker loads from floor to generate 272 pounds of muscle strength in the lower back. When physical demands of work increase, the risk of injury increases simultaneously and when physical demands of a task exceed the capabilities of a worker or operator, an injury can occur which is detrimental to a worker’s health and safety.

Nailgun injuries at constructions sites is a common occupational injury.
Nailgun injuries at constructions sites is a common occupational injury.

Risk factors of work

There are certain characteristics of workplace injuries that have been associated with these features and are called risk factors of work. They include:

Physical characteristics of the task, which is the primary interaction between the worker and the workplace and include:

  • Positions
  • or force
  • or repetitions
  • or velocity / acceleration
  • or duration
  • or recovery time
  • or dynamic load
  • or vibration in segments.

Environmental characteristics are also primary interaction between the worker and the workplace that include:

  • heat stress
  • or cold stress
  • or vibration to the body
  • or lighting
  • or noise

The Posture

Posture is referred to as a position that the body of a worker takes to do a job. The squatting posture has been associated with an increased risk of injuries. Generally, a joint that deviates from the neutral position also produces a high risk of injury.

Specific postures that are associated with injuries are:

  • For wrist, the position of extension and flexion is associated with carpal tunnel syndrome.
  • or ulnar deviation greater than 20 degrees is associated with increased pain and pathology.
  • Abduction or flexion over 60 degrees which is maintained by more than an hour per day is associated with acute neck pain.
  • Hands above shoulder height are related to tendinitis and various pathologies of the shoulder.
  • In the cervical spine, a flexion of 30 degrees takes 300 minutes to produce symptoms of acute pain and flexion of 60 degrees takes 120 minutes to produce the same symptoms.
  • The extension of arm has been linked up with neck pain and shoulder numbness and pain in the muscles of the shoulders.
  • In the lower back or trunk, sagittal angle has been associated with occupational disorders in the lower back.


Factory owners and industry employers must understand that in order to increase employee satisfaction besides praising and appreciating for the work done and motivating the workers to do more work by appraisals, they must include up-to-date working environment by replacing malfunctioning workstations with ergonomically correct workstations, poor quality tools and machines to newly advanced tools because by doing this employers will not only get good quality work from their workers but the physical demands at work will automatically decrease due to ease and comfort provided at the workplace. This will also help in increasing employee satisfaction.

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12 comments

Veronica Allen profile image

Veronica Allen 6 years ago from Georgia

Among other things, safety in the work place is so neccessary if employees are going to find satisfaction in what they do. In addition, it boost the morale of all employed there.


soni2006 profile image

soni2006 6 years ago from New Delhi, India Author

Yes, if your workplace is safe and secured and follows the standard guidelines of ergonomics, you will feel much more satisfied with your job as said by Veronica.


akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon

That photo is of me! Yikes - you have some great points and the most important of them being anything done repetitively and consistently does usually equal problems. I've seen some of your stuff on ergonomics, too - great stuff!


soni2006 profile image

soni2006 6 years ago from New Delhi, India Author

Thanks a lot akirchner for understanding the real thing in this hub and my other hubs on ergonomics.


Greg Palmer profile image

Greg Palmer 6 years ago

Great Hub. You can expand upon your ideas by including some industrial products that can help improve safety and employee satisfaction, such as weight lifting belts or improved manual controls to reduce stress and strain to name a few.


soni2006 profile image

soni2006 6 years ago from New Delhi, India Author

Thank you so much Greg for giving me these ideas and tips. Your advice will definitely help in writing my another hub on workplace safety.


Work Safety 6 years ago

it is amazing how many people sit like that at a desk and wonder why their backs hurt.

Thanks for the hub.


soni2006 profile image

soni2006 6 years ago from New Delhi, India Author

Thank you so much Work Safety for your comment and appreciation.


SunSine 6 years ago

Great Article:

I would include also in the health section disease in the envirement. People need to be educated about the virals. One in 5, most likely your coworkers have a viral disease. People do not need to come to work ill and we need education to iliminate exposure and prevention.


soni2006 profile image

soni2006 6 years ago from New Delhi, India Author

Yes SunShine you are right. If there is anyone in the office having a viral infection of any sort, it is more likely that others can have this problem. Thanks for the addition of this information in this hub on workplace safety.


bob 5 years ago

and that is it


soni2006 profile image

soni2006 5 years ago from New Delhi, India Author

Thanks Bob for your comment.

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