The Hub Scrub Project - Revising and Refreshing Old Hubs

When I worked at a corporation, every project had to have a name, so we would all know what we were talking about. This project will be called the Hub Scrub, since we will be scrubbing our hubs to clean them.

Purpose of the Hub Scrub

I have read a lot about writing hubs during my time here on HubPages, and have learned a great deal. Instead of randomly fixing things on my old hubs, and having to go back again and again, I wanted to create a checklist, so I can be sure that I have cleaned each hub to be the best it can be, according to all of my newly found knowledge. And as I write new hubs, I can use the checklist to make sure it is the best it can be, right from the start.

The Hub Scrub Project should have a deadline, so that progress can be made on a consistent basis, but it really is an ongoing process that needs to be repeated from time to time.


I wanted to share this checklist with you, because I am generous like that. I am also sharing it because you are my neighbors. If my neighborhood is also clean, then maybe the value of my own hubs might go up as well.

Scrubbing hubs will make them sparkly and ready for company.
Scrubbing hubs will make them sparkly and ready for company. | Source

The Hub Scrub Project

To start, you need a list of your existing hubs. This list will be used to check off the ones you have scrubbed. Go to My Accounts, and click on export csv button. It is right above the list of your hubs, on the left side. This will give you a list of your accounts in a spreadsheet format. If you want, you can add columns to identify the revisions they want to make, so you can track your progress. You can print this list or use it from your computer.

Since HubPages lets you know the date of the most recent change on your hubs, you can also use that list directly. That method did not work for me, since I sometimes make small edits as I see them, and the change date may make me think a hub has been scrubbed when it hasn't.

If you have a lot of hubs, you may want to prioritize the list and decide which ones to scrub first. You may want to start with your most popular hubs to see if you can make them even better, or with your least popular to upgrade the overall quality of your portfolio. You may choose to start with the oldest and work your way down, or scrub groups of topics together.


Ready? Let's think about all the ways you can amend, update, tweak, revise, refresh, revive, or fix your old hubs.

The following is a list of items I will check during the Hub Scrub. Some of these things will need revising in some hubs, but some things will be just fine. This is a list of my preferences, and include what I have learned over time. You may have different preferences and may choose to omit some of these items and add some of your own.

History of the Hub Scrub Project

When I was a brand new Hubber, after I finished the 30 Hubs in 30 Days Challenge, I dived right into the 100 Hubs in 30 Days Challenge. I had seen challenges that require writing 30 hubs in 30 days, and then spending the next 30 days to market the hubs. But before I tried to market them, I want to first make sure that all of my hubs were squeaky clean for an open house before I start inviting company. I know my hubs weren't old, but even brand new hubs can use a little polish.

Since then, I have returned to my hubs to scrub them again from time to time. So many things change over time, including Google's search algorithm, HubPages' rules and recommendations, and my own knowledge and preferences. Even though I try to make my hubs the best quality they can be before I publish them, I can still easily find something to change to improve my hubs every time I scrub them.

Check the Title of Your Hubs

The title should clearly tell the reader what the hub is about, preferably with keywords. If someone is looking for a chocolate chip cookie recipe, that is what they will type in their search engines. They will not find your "Grandma's Delectable Dessert" hub even if it has exactly the content they are looking for. If someone is searching for your hub, they should be able to find it by using keywords, and know they found the right hub by looking at the title. Make sure the title tells them exactly what the hub is about.

This means that if your hub is a poem, the word poem should be in the title. On any hub topics where the keyword tends to be assumed, but not stated, like book reviews, you should somehow find a way to tell Google what you wrote.

Check the Layout of your Hubs

Look over the hubs to see if it is friendly to readers. Are there any paragraphs that are too long? I try to keep my paragraphs to four sentences or less.

Are there captions to separate out different ideas? Do the captions include some keywords?

Is there a pretty picture to catch their interest? Is it legally used and properly attributed?

This is also the place to tweak any capsules. Are the videos links still working? Are the Amazon capsules reflecting the content of your hub?

Is there anything you should add to interest the reader, such as a video or a poll? HubPages recommends that you have at least three photos and two other capsules, such as maps, polls, and videos to create stellar hubs.

When you are finished editing your hub, look again at the layout of your hub after the ads have been placed to make sure there aren't any extra white spaces caused by extra spacing in your capsules, or by different sizes of capsules. These extra spaces cause your hub to not look as polished as it should.

Revise the Introductory Paragraphs of your Hubs

Sometimes the first few lines are all a reader will look at to see if the hub is worth reading. Is the introductory paragraph going to draw them in?

Here is another place to include the keywords so the reader knows they've reached a hub that they will understand, and is that it is written by someone who is knowledgeable on the topic.

Delete a Hub

As you review your hubs, you may find some that require extensive rework. Don't forget that one option is to simply delete the hub. You may have written it when you were new, or up against a deadline to publish it. It may be a topic that no longer interests you. If it is so bad that you do not want to take the time to revise it, it is acceptable to delete it.

While you may lament the wasted time in writing it, don't waste additional time trying to edit it. Focus on the hubs that you are proud to have in your portfolio. Since people can read any of your hubs in any order, you want to make sure that whichever hub they read truly represents the quality of your work.

Edit your Content of your Hubs

The most important part of your hubs is the content. Read the entire hub, as if you are reading it for the first time. Is there anything that is not as clear as it could be? Check for spelling, grammar and ease of reading.

Make sure you have kept up with changes on the topic, and update the hub to reflect the changes. Sometimes it may be just a matter of changing the date, but other times you may have discussed the latest event, gadget or celebrity, and may want to discuss someone or something more recent.

If there are other things a reader would want to know on the topic, you could add them to your hub, or include a link to other topics. Some of my hubs are really short, especially the book reviews, and I want to beef them up to make sure they provide enough content to make them worthy of reading.

Most of my summary paragraphs were written quickly so I could get to the publish button. I want to make sure that I have provided a summary that will satisfy the reader that I delivered what I promised them in the title and introductory paragraph.

This is another chance to make sure that Google knows the topic of your hub. If you find yourself using the word "it" frequently, you might want to consider replacing it with a noun that can serve as a keyword. Be sure you aren't using the same words over and over again though, since it could be considered keyword stuffing.

Ensure that your original hub is not duplicated by taking these steps during the Hub Scrub.
Ensure that your original hub is not duplicated by taking these steps during the Hub Scrub.

Avoid Copying

Unfortunately, there are people that may try to copy your hub, and republish it as if it were their own. There are several things you can do to prevent this.

1. Check each hub using one of the copy checkers out there. You can copy some phrases onto Google to see if other sites also use the same phrasing. You can also check the whole hub by using the URL on Copyscape.

2. Sign up for Google Alerts and / or Yahoo Alerts to notify you whenever your user name is used. You can set up the system to alert you whenever certain phrases are used. You can set up the notices once a day,or as they happen. You can create a separate alert for a phrase in each of your hubs.

3 You can include some common phrasing in all of your hubs. Something with your user name and a link to your profile on it, like "This article was published on HubPages by Millionaire Tips. If you see it anywhere else, it has been duplicated without my permission." written someplace in the middle of each hub. This way, if someone is going to copy and paste, they are going to have to look for it to delete it. I will also come up with your own unique phrase that I can use in each hub, preferably somewhere in the middle of the hub. Set up an alert for this phrasel, and hopefully catch potential plagiarizers that way as well.

Amend Hubs with a Signature Line

I want to create a signature line that I can add to the bottom of all of my hubs. This signature line will help my readers remember my screen name, and provide a link to my profile page so they can read more of my hubs.

The Hub Scrub Project will help you update all the nooks and crannies of your hubs and make them the best they can be.
The Hub Scrub Project will help you update all the nooks and crannies of your hubs and make them the best they can be. | Source

Add Links to Hubs

I am sure that people who read my refreshed and revived hub will want to read more of my hubs. I don't want to kick them out before they are ready to leave. I want to make sure that I provide at least two links to other related hubs I have written so that they can stay and visit longer.

Remember though, that your readers are probably not here to read something just because you wrote it; they are here to learn about a specific topic. Make sure though that all links are directed to related content. Otherwise your readers will be unhappy, and the hubs will get reported and unpublished by Hubpages.


Change the Comments Title

The comments title can easily include the name of the hub to remind the readers what you intended on the hub. This way, if they clicked on your hub knowing it was related but not exactly what they were looking for, they won't go away disappointed that you didn't promise more than you delivered. The comments title also is a great place to add the keywords. I think I will just revise mine to include the title of the hub, although I may ask a question to invite more comments.

Refresh the Hub's Summary

The summary is another place that I quickly completed in order to get the hub published. They need more attention since they are the advertisement that will entice the readers to click on the link.

I need to spend some time polishing the summary of each of my hubs. I want to have a sentence or phrase that is short and sweet, but will entice the reader to click on the link. It will include enough descriptive words to describe the hub and use keywords.

Since I do not create the summaries in Word, it is very important to check the spelling and grammar of the summaries.

Some of my summaries are too long, and I need to make sure that the important words are at the beginning of the summary so they don't get ignored and are never seen.

The Hub Scrub Project is underway to edit, revise, refresh, and revive my hubs.
The Hub Scrub Project is underway to edit, revise, refresh, and revive my hubs. | Source

Verify the Hub Categories

The categories are the things we select when we first write the hub. This helps HubPages place our hub with other hubs that talk about the same thing. I want to make sure I have placed my hub in the proper category so that it will be seen by the viewers that will find it interesting. Sometimes that is very easy, but other times it can get complicated. For example, my hub, "How to Save Money and Eat Healthier at the Same Time," can fit under either the finance or the cooking categories. I may consider changing the category of poorly performing hubs that fall under more than one category to see if they fare better in the other category

Scrub the Hub Groups

Hub Groups are selected in the Accounts page. They control which hubs are linked to this hub, and will show up at the bottom of the page with the arrows. I have five groups on my hubs. I have reviewed them, and for the most part they are good groups. Personal Finance, Quilting, Book Reviews, and Genealogy are okay as they are, but the Miscellaneous category probably could use some tweaking. I will also take the time to arrange my hubs within the group so that people who are reading each hub will be interested in clicking on the hubs to the left and right of that hub.

Hub Scrub Checklist

Scrub
Completed
Title
 
Layout
 
Links
 
Introduction
 
Content
 
Signature
 
Links
 
Comments
 
Summary
 
Groups
 
Categories
 
 
 
Millionaire Tips
Millionaire Tips

About Shasta

Shasta Matova has been writing on HubPages since 2011 about a variety of topics including genealogy, quilting, home improvement, and finance. She has participated in the HubPages' Apprenticeship Program and has been awarded Hub of the Day.

Scrub Everything

By now, you may be thinking that you need to completely redo your entire hub. Yes, you will be reviewing everything. Hopefully, most of the work will be fine as it is and can be left alone. I was thinking the "scrub everything" idea would work, but then I think about the current condition of my hubs. If I could remember "everything" then they would be all clean already. They are okay, but most have some tweaking and revising that can be done to make them better. Having a checklist will make sure that I don't forget anything, so hopefully I will never have to scrub them again.

It is my hope that these edits will help them be easier for my readers to find them and read them. I hope that my readers are informed or entertained as a result of reading my hubs. I want them to like my hubs so much that they buy the Amazon products, click on the Google ads, and continue to read more of my hubs.


© 2011 Shasta Matova

More by this Author


Comments: "The Hub Scrub: Revising and Refreshing Old Hubs" 56 comments

Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 19 months ago from USA Author

Thanks Mary. It is difficult to know what to do with the lower performing hubs, especially after you have spent so much time and effort writing them. Sometimes they could use some more attention, and with others we are better off taking a loss and starting a brand new hub. I can understand the reluctance to edit the hubs and having to go through the QAP process, but with your abilities, they will pass with flying colors.


mary615 profile image

mary615 20 months ago from Florida

I'm glad I read your Hub this morning. I just finished going over my Hubs to try to decide what to do about the lowest performing ones, and with the lowest Hub scores. I did unpublish an old poem rather than work with it.

I am reluctant to edit any Hubs, because that sends it right back through the QAP, and I may have more problems!

Voted this UP, etc. and shared.


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 21 months ago from USA Author

That is a lot of revising and refreshing Virginia, but I am sure you can do it and be successful here on HubPages.


Virginia Allain profile image

Virginia Allain 2 years ago from Central Florida

Since I recently migrated here from Squidoo, this is exactly what I'm having to do to each hub. A huge job with the 600 that I have.


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 2 years ago from USA Author

Thank you for your compliment and for visiting Aupadhyay. There are two ways to add a signature line to your hubs. One is to simply add a copyright. It will put your user name and the date you published the hub. You can find it on the right side in the settings when you are editing your hub. The other way is to add a text capsule that has an "about the author" sentence or two. I think it is a good way to let your audience know your experience on the subject. If you add a text capsule, you will want to make sure you don't use the same words in each hub, or you will get a duplicate content warning.


AUPADHYAY profile image

AUPADHYAY 2 years ago from INDIA, UTTAR PRADESH STATE, KANPUR CITY

My dear friend, though, I often use to scrub all of my hubs but some great ideas have been traced out from your valuable info hub. I'm, still, in search of procedure as how to add the signature line in my hubs.


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 2 years ago from USA Author

Thanks rustedmemory. I find that I regularly have to go back to revise my hubs - sometimes the information needs to be updated, sometimes something else has changed, such as a rule from HubPages, an algorithm change from Google, or my personal preferences. Continual improvement is my motto.


rustedmemory profile image

rustedmemory 2 years ago from Lexington, KY

I like the idea of revising everything to improve your hubs. You learn new tricks every time, so why not improve what you can!


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 3 years ago from USA Author

Thank you MomsTreasureChest. I find that every time I look at my online articles, I find something else to improve them as I try to keep up with the changes of Google Panda and Penguin.


MomsTreasureChest profile image

MomsTreasureChest 3 years ago

Great tips and suggestions on improving a hubs performance, thanks for sharing!


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 3 years ago from USA Author

Thanks for your comment SidKemp. I am glad to know that there is another way to get a link open on another page. While I do know some basic html, I don't know how to edit and republish the whole hub in html. Right now, I have decided to let the links open as they do. Most of my hubs don't have a lot of links, and the reader can click the back button to get back to the hub.

I agree that since the content is the most important part of a hub, it should be thoroughly reviewed to see if it can be improved and add a richer experience for the reader. I am going to scrub this hub to include information about stellar hubs. Thank you for the reminder.


SidKemp profile image

SidKemp 3 years ago from Boca Raton, Florida (near Miami and Palm Beach)

Thanks! I've been thinking about creating a checklist like this one and going after my old hubs. Now I'm encouraged to do a Spring cleaning. Two notes: There is another way to add "target="_blank" to a link, which is to edit in HTML. This does stick, and, at the present time, is not removed by HubPages.

Also, my plan involves more upgrading that scrubbing. I'm working on a checklist for adding photos and videos and other capsules to bring more of my hubs up to, or close to, stellar quality.


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Thanks rjsadowski for visiting and commenting. There are many ways to decide which hubs to scrub. I started with the ones that were viewed the most, to make sure that they were the best they could be. Now, each day I refresh a hub; I am going by the oldest revision date.

Your way sounds like a great way as well. Those hubs may have an issue that could be easily remedied.


rjsadowski profile image

rjsadowski 4 years ago

A lot of useful advice. Rather than scrubbing hubs by the oldest revision date, I prefer to prioritize by the lowest number of total viewers or by hubs that haven't been viewed in the last 30 days.


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Thank you Anamika - I have to have my printed out list in front of me, because I tend to forget a thing or two when I am scrubbing my hubs.


Anamika S profile image

Anamika S 4 years ago from Mumbai - Maharashtra, India

This is awesome. Many of the things you have mentioned are not things I have thought of while modifying hubs which are not performing well. Thanks a lot!


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Thank you Annette. I am glad the checklist will help you. I was thinking as I scrubbed my hubs that I will need to keep doing it from time to time as information changes, and as I learn more. Maybe an annual scrub is in order.


Annette R. Smith profile image

Annette R. Smith 4 years ago from Orlando, Florida

Great tips! I scrubbed some of my older hubs last month, but all of them need a good clean-up. Your checklist will make the job easier. Thanks for sharing!


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

That's true Tammy, I do love the challenges. They keep me focused on what to do next. Otherwise, I would spend all my time reading hubs and otherwise surfing the web.


tammyswallow profile image

tammyswallow 4 years ago from North Carolina

Thanks Millionaire Tips. When I first started on hub pages I made so many errors. I need to go back and "scrub" them. This is beneficial information. You seem to love these writing challenges, good for you! Well done!


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Thank you Alecia. I have found that revising my hubs from when I first started helped a great deal. I had so much to learn!


Alecia Murphy profile image

Alecia Murphy 4 years ago from Wilmington, North Carolina

Thank you for these tips Millionaire Tips. I am definitely going to put these tips to use.


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Thank you so much jeyaramd. I am deeply honored. Congrats on 100 followers!


jeyaramd profile image

jeyaramd 4 years ago from Mississauga, Ontario

I have chosen this hub as one of my top 10 hubs in tribute of my 100 followers. This has was a no brainer. Sometimes, we spend a lot of time trying to write new hubs and forget that old is gold. Bringing the life back to old hubs is awesome. Its like putting an old wine in a new bottle. Awesome tips. Thanks so much.


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Thank you carozy - I am particularly proud of this one.


carozy profile image

carozy 4 years ago from San Francisco

Great hub with a lot of helpful info.


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Thank you RTalloni. I have been using this hub to revise my older hubs, and my traffic to those hubs have increased, so it does actually work.


RTalloni profile image

RTalloni 4 years ago from the short journey

Will be revisiting this. Thanks for the edit tips and a hub that is generating helpful comments. Voted up and bookmarked.


homesteadbound profile image

homesteadbound 4 years ago from Texas

This was already an amazing hub, and it just keeps growing. You are doing an amazing job helping everyone like this.


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Thanks homesteadbound. I have already set up alerts for my user name, but I can see how I can use it even more. I have added an Avoid Copying section to check for plagiarism and ways to avoid it.


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Thanks Stephanie. I am sure there will be more things to add to the list as we go along, but I am trying to make it comprehensive so it only needs to be done once each hub.


homesteadbound profile image

homesteadbound 4 years ago from Texas

I'm back again. I'm going to be squeaky clean before this is all over. I just read a forum about setting up google alerts for our hubs and it sounds like a really good idea. Check it out at: http://hubpages.com/forum/topic/89119

You might want to add that to your hub scrub project.


Stephanie Henkel profile image

Stephanie Henkel 4 years ago from USA

Super advice! I often go back to tweak my hubs, but your systematic approach to hub scrubbing is so much more efficient than haphazard tweaking! And thanks so much for the instructions on how to get links to open in a new window! I've been looking for that information!


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Another great idea homesteadbound - keep them coming! It is sad that we need to do this, but it does seem like a good time to do it when we are revising our hubs. Another thing I thought of is to write our user names somewhere in the middle of the article - that way someone simply copying and pasting would be copying their source too!


homesteadbound profile image

homesteadbound 4 years ago from Texas

After reading a forum posting, I just thought of something else I am adding to my hub scrub project. I am running all hubs through copyscape to make sure that none of them have been copied. Using the URL of each hub is quick and free.

It seems I can't stay away.


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Thanks Green Lotus. I am glad I have learned this important information about writing hubs early. I am hoping that by revising and refreshing all my hubs, I will have them ready for inspection and open house.


Green Lotus profile image

Green Lotus 4 years ago from Atlanta, GA

This is great advice. I really need to do a scrub up on placing links to new hubs on those related old hubs. I also like your tip on replacing the ="it" word!


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Thank you homesteadbound. That is very sweet of you.


homesteadbound profile image

homesteadbound 4 years ago from Texas

Back again! LOL

I have included this great hub in my Hub Luv series this week. - homesteadbound


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Thanks Cindy! I have added the code for opening links in a new window, and also referral links to this hub. They were definitely things I am checking when I add new links, and scrub the old ones.


homesteadbound profile image

homesteadbound 4 years ago from Texas

I'm back again! LOL

I just remembered something else that I am going to do on each hub. I do it now but have not always done it.

I want to make sure that all outbound links open a new window. Another way of keeping your readers.


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Thank you Genesis - I appreciate your vote and your enthusiasm. Scrubbing hubs might take some valuable time away from writing them, but I think that if you make your entire portfolio a good one, then all of your hubs, including new ones will benefit.


Genesis profile image

Genesis 4 years ago from Canada

This is an excellent idea! I've recently started doing the same but your list also help as a guide.

Thank you very much for sharing this! Voted way UP!


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Thank you homesteadbound. That is really sweet of you.


homesteadbound profile image

homesteadbound 4 years ago from Texas

I voted up again just for kicks and because I think this is such a great idea!


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Thanks 2patricias. I needed a checklist for revising my hubs to make sure I don't forget anything. I'm glad it can help others as well.


2patricias profile image

2patricias 4 years ago from Sussex by the Sea

I absolutely love this Hub! I will be having a project in the New Year to scrub our hubs.

Thanks for the list - very helpful.


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Thank you homesteadbound. We actually did scrub accounts back at the corporation, but it sounds so much better with hub that I just had to use it again. Good idea to use the title tuner.


homesteadbound profile image

homesteadbound 4 years ago from Texas

I am getting ready to do the same thing myself as soon as I hit 150 hubs - before the end of the year. And I have also been making a list. Your list was very thorough. I can only think of one other thing. I would also make sure that I use the title tuner to see if there was anything I wanted to add. Great hub. I'm glad to see that our lists are very similar. By the way - I love the project name - hub scrub!


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Thanks Donna. You are so sweet. I enjoy doing these things and telling other people how to do them too.

Thanks Suzette. The challenge was challenging, but I really appreciated the deadline to keep me focused. I try to think of writing hubs as a job and not just a hobby. I would like to eventually let it be my primary income source. The more hubs I write, the more ideas for future hubs I get. There are more hub topics on my list than I could ever get to, since I keep coming up with new ideas.


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM

Oh I like this hub and I think it is a good idea. You present a logical method for revision of our hubs and I appreciate you sharing it with us. Good ideas and tips!

I admire your for taking on the hub challenges you did. I seem to be able to write only when I'm inspired from some event or something or when the mood moves me. I admire your tenacity and industry.


DonnaCosmato profile image

DonnaCosmato 4 years ago from USA

This is a great idea, Millionaire Tips, and I love the checklist. I've been working on my older hubs but in a more haphazard manner. The reason I keep reading and following your hubs is because I get concise, easy to follow instructions on how to improve my life or make more money. What's not to like about that? Voted up and useful.


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Thank you msshandriaball for your vote and comment.


msshandriaball profile image

msshandriaball 4 years ago

awesome hub voted up


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA Author

Danette: I am glad it will be helpful to you as well.

Thank you for reading, commenting and voting up.


Danette Watt profile image

Danette Watt 4 years ago from Illinois

I appreciate the info here and the list. Now that I've been here a year, my intention is to go back and tweak what I've written. Your checklist will be helpful as I haven't had time to put one together myself. Voted up

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