It's the story of humanity, it's how inventions such as the flushing toilet began. Of all the grand inventions like the telephone, the computer... The atomic bomb has turned out to be the daddy of futility.
in 1945 it was used on the Japanese - as well as the hydrogen bomb - and hasn't been used in anger since, although it's been tested time after time by China, India, North Korea, Pakistan, Russia, the US. Millions have been spent on them but no-one can use them for fear of reciprocation..
The hope that springs from that kind of futility is that nobody WILL use it.