My Great-Great Grand Aunt, who passed on at the ripe old age of 86 back in 1963, was a schoolteacher in her youth. She used to tell fascinating stories of what it was like to attend and teach school back at the end of the 19th century.
They had 'figure it out' riddles based on everyday object for young children to figure out. It taught observation and critical thinking. Here is one a couple that come to mind:
1. "Elizabeth, Elsbeth, Betsy and Beth all went out to find a bird's nest. They each found one, with one egg in it. How many eggs did they find?"
2. "Old Mother Twitchet had but one eye, and a very long tail which she always let fly. Every time she went over a gap, a piece of her tail got caught in a trap. What is she?"
A big gold star to whomever gets the first right answer to both. ;-)