A Corner Of A Forgotten Field

Uncle Harry's grave (c) A. Harrison
Uncle Harry's grave (c) A. Harrison

Remebering the First World War

On the 8th September 1916, my great-uncle died from wounds suffered during the Battle of the Somme. Second Lieutenant Henry Byron, 1st/5th Battalion, South Lancashire Regiment, was twenty-two. His brother – my grandfather –enlisted at the age of fourteen, had a kidney shot out in Ypres, contracted TB while convalescing, and was given six months to live.

Deciding the only way to survive was to escape the miasmas of war-time Liverpool, he worked his way to Australia, jumped shipped in Perth, and died at the age of ninety two. He could never bring himself to return to France and visit his older brother’s grave.

The now peaceful fields, of what was once a war-zone (c) A. Harrison
The now peaceful fields, of what was once a war-zone (c) A. Harrison
A map of the villages around Arras; each blue mark is an Allied Cemetery
A map of the villages around Arras; each blue mark is an Allied Cemetery | Source

World War One Cemeteries

In contrast to the American Army, which built large cemeteries for their war dead, the Commonwealth Forces tried to bury their soldiers near where they fell. Consequently, this area of France is dotted with cemeteries. Uncle Harry rests in Dartmoor Cemetery, Becordel-Becourt, not far from Arras.

The landscape here is flat, and has been farmed – and fought over – for centuries. Tilled land spreads in all directions, dotted by the occasional stone farmhouse, a church spire, a copse of trees. Shrapnel from the war surfaces each season as the fields are farmed. The heavy soil sticks to your shoes, and all too easily turns to mud. A confusion of back roads loop and intersect through small villages, where horse-drawn carts are still in use.


The Boves, beneath the town of Arras (c) A. Harrison
The Boves, beneath the town of Arras (c) A. Harrison
The clock face in the main square, Arras (c) A. Harrison
The clock face in the main square, Arras (c) A. Harrison

The Town of Arras

Arras is a medieval town of cobbled streets and limestone tunnels. From the end of 1914 until early 1918, the Western Front (which stretched from Belgium to the Mediterranean) was never more than three kilometres away, and the town itself was occupied and nearly destroyed. Much of the town was rebuilt in traditional style, and Arras is now World Heritage Listed by UNESCO.

Since medieval times, the main square – Le Place des Héros – has been home to a market, and now every Saturday stalls of meats, poultry, cheeses, fruits de mer and all manner of fresh produce spill over the cobbled stones and into the surrounding streets. Le Place des Héros is dominated by the gothic Hôtel de Ville. For anyone brave enough to climb the Belfry and face the bleak winds, the entire countryside is on display, and on a clear day Paris is visible. Not surprisingly, this was used by both civilians and the military for viewing the progress of the war.

Beneath the Hôtel de Ville is an entrance to the Boves, or medieval tunnels. The origin of the name is uncertain; however, from the 10th century limestone was quarried here, until the practice was moved outside the city amidst fears the town would collapse. The tunnels run along five different levels, at times up to twenty metres deep. Most of the buildings on Le Place des Héros have an entrance, now used mainly as cellars or for storage (and an exquisite restaurant, La Faisanderie, perfect after a day touring the battlefields

A Commonwealth World War One Cemetry, France (c) A. Harrison
A Commonwealth World War One Cemetry, France (c) A. Harrison

Travel Literature

Diary of a Nursing Sister on the Western Front: 1914-1915
Diary of a Nursing Sister on the Western Front: 1914-1915

A very personal, first hand description of war through the eyes of a nurse, who volunteers for service shortly after war is declared.

 
A line of trenches from WWI (c) A. Harrison
A line of trenches from WWI (c) A. Harrison

The War To End All Wars

Despite the cold and damp – the tunnels remain at a constant 11º C, with 80% humidity and no sunlight – people lived here in medieval times. In WWI, New Zealand Royal Engineers (complete with canaries in cages) extended the tunnels so troops could move in secrecy to emerge near the German front line. Up to 24,000 men could be concealed, and the remnants of electrical lighting, makeshift kitchens and even latrines are still visible. Tunnels were divided into those for foot traffic, hand-drawn trolleys and a light rail system. Casualties were moved with relative safety, and a field hospital (complete with operating theatre) was established underground.

After a few hours spent touring the battlefields, the number of lives lost becomes mind numbing. (An organized tour helps give some structure to the mayhem of the First World War.) The Battle of the Somme commenced on the 1st July 1916. On the first day, some 20,000 British soldiers died; this figure does not include those, like Uncle Harry, who were to die later of their wounds. By this stage of the war, some generals on both sides had come to accept a loss of 1:1 as a good result. Reflecting this, the Franco-British Thiepval Monument is simply huge, largely to accommodate the names of the 73,367 British soldiers with no known grave. The country of Newfoundland never recovered from the loss of men, leading to its absorption by Canada in the 1920’s.


The Battlefields of Flanders

show route and directions
A markerArras, France -
Arras, France
[get directions]

B markerBecordel-becourt, france -
80300 Bécordel-Bécourt, France
[get directions]

C markerThiepval, France -
80300 Thiepval, France
[get directions]

D markerVillers-Bretonneux -
Villers-Bretonneux, France
[get directions]

E markervimy, France -
Vimy, France
[get directions]

Sunset over the battlefields (c) A. Harrison
Sunset over the battlefields (c) A. Harrison
The school in  Villers-Bretonneux, France (c) A. Harrison
The school in Villers-Bretonneux, France (c) A. Harrison
A plaque in the school grounds commemorating Australia's involvement in the war (c) A. Harrison
A plaque in the school grounds commemorating Australia's involvement in the war (c) A. Harrison
A sobering reminder of WWI (c) A. Harrison
A sobering reminder of WWI (c) A. Harrison

The Liberartion of Villers-Bretonneux

In an attempt to break the ongoing stalemate of the war, in March 1918 the Germans launched another offensive to capture Amiens (which, being near the sea, was vital for supplies). As a consequence, the small town of Villers-Bretonneux was captured in the world’s first battle between two tanks forces: British Mark IVs against the German A7Vs. After a house-to-house battle, Australian soldiers liberated the village on 24th April 1918, at a loss of some 1200 Australians lives. Amiens was never captured, and the German front line began to recede, leading to the Armistice of 1918. Many historians see the liberation of Villers-Bretonneux as a turning point of WWI.

Although nearly a century has passed, pictures of kangaroos and slouched hats fill the town, and there is even a Restaurant le Kangarou . The main road is Rue de Melbourne, and the Australian flag flies atop the Australian National Memorial, which lists the 10,982 Australian soldiers with no known grave. ANZAC Day is celebrated here every year. The first floor of the school (a gift in the 1920’s from the school children of Victoria to the children of the town) houses the Franco-Australia Museum. Above every blackboard are the words N’oublions jamais l’Australie – Never forget Australia.

The Canadian National Vimy Memorial encompasses a 250 acre battlefield park, which includes the area of the Battle of Vimy Ridge (9th April, 1917). Both Allied and German trenches have been preserved, and it is still possible to walk along them. The trenches never ran in a straight line, and had alcoves at regular intervals for shelter from bombs and snipers. Some barbed-wire stakes remain; earlier ones with only one hole, and a later design which could hold three stands of barbed wire. These also had the advantage of having a screw on the base, allowing them to be silently screwed into the heavy soil, and not hammered.


WWI trench and dug-out (c) A. Harrison
WWI trench and dug-out (c) A. Harrison
Dartmoor Cemetery, France (c) A. Harrison
Dartmoor Cemetery, France (c) A. Harrison

Dartmoor Cemetery

Uncle Harry’s grave is in a corner of the small Dartmoor Cemetery, which began as Becordel-Becourt Military Cemetery in 1915. It has only 768 (762 identified) WWI Commonwealth burials. In September 1916, the XV Corps Main Dressing Station was established nearby, and it is here Uncle Harry died. Surrounded by fields, Dartmoor Cemetery is now a peaceful spot, overlooked by most tourists, for there are so many cemeteries, and so many memorials to the War To End All Wars.


© 2012 Anne Harrison

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Comments 47 comments

addingsense profile image

addingsense 4 years ago from kerala

continue to add great hubs


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 4 years ago from Australia Author

Thank you for your support and interest, Anne


UnnamedHarald profile image

UnnamedHarald 4 years ago from Cedar Rapids, Iowa

Hi, Anne. What a powerful and moving and informative article this is. I wrote a hub about the Tank vs Tank battle but your article brought it all into perspective as a real place. Voted up, etc and shared.


Wilbart26 4 years ago

War is really a nightmare... Nice hub by the way.


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 4 years ago from Australia Author

Thank you for your comments. I can't tell you how moving it was to actually stand on the battlefields, see the trenches etc. How futile war is.


addingsense profile image

addingsense 4 years ago from kerala

war ,,oh god


ziyena profile image

ziyena 3 years ago from Southern Colorado

Awesome closure to finally see your Great-Uncle's grave. Wonderful hub! Thank you


Pamela-anne profile image

Pamela-anne 3 years ago from Kitchener, Ontario

Wow amazing hub you researched it very well; amazing that all those tunnels are still there. Your grandfather was one tough cookie to survive all that he had been through and was able to live a long full life. Thanks for sharing this bit of history with your personal touch well done!


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 3 years ago from Australia Author

Thank you both for your comments - my apologies for the delay in replying. It true was an amazing experience.


Dolores Monet profile image

Dolores Monet 3 years ago from East Coast, United States

I hear about people visiting battlefields and cemeteries from WWII but not many from the Great War. This was awesome and the trip must have had you in tears. And how I wish that it had been the War to End All Wars. (voted up, shared, tweeted)


IslandBites profile image

IslandBites 3 years ago from Puerto Rico

Great hub!


Jeanne Grunert profile image

Jeanne Grunert 3 years ago from Virginia

Really enjoyed this Hub, especially the pictures. Voted up. Thanks!


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 3 years ago from Australia Author

Thank you for your comments. I agree, Dolores, if only it had been the War To End All Wars.


Writer Fox profile image

Writer Fox 3 years ago from the wadi near the little river

A very moving article about about the World War I cemeteries which surround Arras! It is so sad that these young men were buried so far away from their loved ones. This article is a wonderful tribute to them. Voted up!


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 3 years ago from Australia Author

Thank you Writer Fox, your comments are very much appreciated. To visit these places is incredibly moving, even as we approach the centenary of when it all began


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 2 years ago from Taos, NM

A very beautiful article about WWI and the cemeteries. I honor your uncles for their sacrifice during WWI to keep this world free. I don't blame your one uncle for getting the heck out of there and going to Australia. War is hell! When I lived in Europe years ago I visited the WWI cemetery at Verdunn, France. It was a sobering experience. I believe men of all nationalities are buried there, if I remember correctly. I believe all soldiers and servicemen should be honored for their time fighting in wars. They sacrifice so much even if they live through the war.


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 2 years ago from Australia Author

So very true, Suzettenaples. As we approach the centenary the repercussions can still be felt; all our lives are still touched by this war, the war to end all wars.


billybuc profile image

billybuc 2 years ago from Olympia, WA

As a former history teacher I am always interested in these historical accounts. I have often wondered what it must have been like to live in Europe during one of the World Wars....the constant fear and uncertainty. My dad served in five campaigns in Italy during WWII and he never spoke about it, but that was just as a visiting soldier....to actually live there and have your entire daily existence affected by it....remarkable. I love how you started this article with a personal reflection....well done!


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 2 years ago from Australia Author

Thank you for your comments, billybuc. My grandfather never spoke about his time in the trenches either, although he lived to over 90. He often woke in the night screaming, dreaming he was being ordered 'over the top'. To live in Australia, where there are no wars, is truly a blessing.


travmaj profile image

travmaj 2 years ago from australia

Such a well documented and emotional hub. So sad and so many young lives lost. I've visited Gallipoli and know that feeling of despair. More for you as you remembered relatives. My own grandfather was drowned of the coast of Micra in Greece. Reading your hub I can't help but think about him. What a waste.


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 2 years ago from Australia Author

Thank you for your comments, travmaj - war is indeed a waste. I hope one day to visit Gallipoli. Thank you for stopping by.


chef-de-jour profile image

chef-de-jour 2 years ago from Wakefield, West Yorkshire,UK

I enjoyed this article Anne. I especially like the personal connections with your Uncle Harry which fits neatly into the context of the War to end all Wars. You've provided some good information too and the images are useful.

Thank you for this timely reminder of the profound effects of war.

Votes and a share.


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 2 years ago from Australia Author

Sorry for taking so long to reply, chef-de-jour. I'm glad you enjoyed my hub. Almost 100 years ago, and we still feel the effects of that war...


CMHypno profile image

CMHypno 2 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

Thank you for such an interesting article Anne and so sorry to read your great-uncle was killed on the Western Front. My own grandfather went right through the war. He was already in the army posted in India in 1914 and from there he was posted to France, then to Galliopoli, back to France and then on to Iraq. He was very lucky to survive, but I can't begin to imagine what courage and fortitude all those young men must have had to get through such horrors and go on to rebuild their lives back home


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 2 years ago from Australia Author

What an amazing story about your grandfather. I know my grandfather carried memories of the horrors of what he saw to his grave; how anyone after seeing active service returns to a normal life is an incredible challenge.

Thanks for taking the time to read my hub.


Mel Carriere profile image

Mel Carriere 22 months ago from San Diego California

This was a spectacularly written piece. N'oublions jamais l'Australie happens to be my motto too, having visited your wonderful country (Perth) with its wonderful people a couple of times while in the service of the US Navy. I consider myself a pretty good student of history, but you have shamed me because I never knew Newfoundland used to be a country. Great hub!


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 22 months ago from Australia Author

Thank you so much for your kind words, they mean much to me. Next time you come to Australia, make sure you see beyond Perth - the country has so much to offer. The fascinating thing about history is thre is always so much to learn, even about such a major event as WWI where one would thing all was recorded and already known.


pstraubie48 profile image

pstraubie48 20 months ago from sunny Florida

My Daddy used to tell us of his War years and as a little girl I think he left out much that he thought he did not want his 'baby' to know.

As I grew up and learned more we would discuss the parts that were left out when I was a wee bit of a girl.

War is so ugly...and thinking of the thousands who lives were lost...it is more than I can wrap my mind around...and it continues....

throughout the world today...

It is important for us to read of these times ...

thank you for such a detailed expose ...

Angels are on the way to you ps

voted up and shared


shanmarie profile image

shanmarie 20 months ago from Texas

Very interesting! Must feel Sso surreal to walk among those places and to see your uncle's grave as well as where he fell.


ladyguitarpicker profile image

ladyguitarpicker 20 months ago from 3460NW 50 St Bell, Fl32619

Hi, this was a very interesting hub you have written. I am fascinated with the war and but have read mostly WWII. You are lucky to have gone to see the grave.


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 20 months ago from Australia Author

Hi pstraubie48,

What you write is so true, and so tragic that it continues today.

I thought it important to take my daughter to see where it happened, and to remember what we read in a history book touches so many at a personal level.

Thanks for your kind words

Anne


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 20 months ago from Australia Author

Hi shanmarie,

It was so strange to walk through trenches 100 years old, to see how close together they were,

Thanks for taking the time to read my hub,

Anne


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 20 months ago from Australia Author

Hi ladyguitarpicker,

Tragically, in this area of France there is much to see from WWII as well as WWI. Hand grenades and the like are still occasionally dug up in the fields.

Thanks for taking the time to read my hub, I'm glad you enjoyed it,

Anne


ReviewsfromSandy profile image

ReviewsfromSandy 20 months ago from Wisconsin

Interesting hub about this part of history. Sad in many ways.


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 20 months ago from Australia Author

As you sat, ReviewsfromSandy, sad in so many ways. Thanks for taking the time to read my hub


agvulpes profile image

agvulpes 19 months ago from Australia

Such tragic losses :( I hope that the Field is not forgotten because if it is our human race is condemned to have history being repeated !

There's been too many brave men who made the 'ultimate' sacrifice so that we can live peacefully in this wonderful Country that we love so much :)

Lets work to make sure that their sacrifice was not in vain !


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 19 months ago from Australia Author

Such true words, agvulpes.

I do worry about the jingoism which seems to be replacing the insight and simple gratitude at memorial services today - not to mention the commercialism.

Hubs like these are our way of saying thankyou


FatBoyThin profile image

FatBoyThin 16 months ago from Kinneff, Scotland

Very interesting and poignant piece about a period in history that seems ridiculous from our modern-day standpoint - the conditions men and women were expected to survive under is just deplorable. Great Hub, voted up.


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 16 months ago from Australia Author

I am always struck, FatBoyThin, by the stoicism by which they endured these times, and the degree of understatement which runs through so many diaries kept by soldiers, nurses and others near or on the front line. Thanks for your kind words.


Gary Malmberg profile image

Gary Malmberg 16 months ago from Concon, Chile

Thanks for a beautiful article, Anne. So, so many now resting in peace. I was floored by the Arras area map. I like the spread out burial plan. A better testimony of the sacrifices made. Your grandfather was quite a guy. Two thumbs yup.


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 16 months ago from Australia Author

I agree, Gary, the map is amazing, and helps to put the tragedy in perspective. Thank you for your kind words


aesta1 profile image

aesta1 12 months ago from Ontario, Canada

Years ago, my husband and I visited Somme, Arras, Verdun and Vimy and until today, sadness still encompasses me when I think of our experience there. It is sad that until now we still wage war.


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 12 months ago from Australia Author

You are so right, aesta1 - it makes no sense that we still wage war. It's time that as a society we evolved beyond such things. Thanks for reading my hub.


gerimcclym profile image

gerimcclym 11 months ago from Colorado

It is gripping to hear this account from somebody with lost a relative, and almost lost another, as a result of WW I battles. Thank you for sharing your story. I can understand why your grandfather could never bring himself to visit his brother's grave, and I appreciate how you honored both your grandfather and great-uncle through this article. Your photography is stunning -- I noticed you took your own shots-- and adds so much to the depth of your article. I would like to visit these locations someday.


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 11 months ago from Australia Author

Thank you for your kinds words, gerimcclym. These cemetries are truly moving placex to visit. I hope you manage a visit one day.


ladyguitarpicker profile image

ladyguitarpicker 9 months ago from 3460NW 50 St Bell, Fl32619

A very interesting hub on WWl and a bit of personal history. I believe the Villers Bretonneux were the turning point for the war, this caused the Germans to start to fall. Great article, Stella


Anne Harrison profile image

Anne Harrison 9 months ago from Australia Author

Many thanks Stella. I agree about Villers Bretonneux marking the turning point of the war, especially considering its proximity to Amiens an the supply route the town promised. I'm glad you enjoyed the hub.

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