ANCIENT INDIAN MATHEMATICIANS

Baudhayana

( 800 BC - about 740 BC)

.Nothing much is known about Baudhayana, apart from the fact that he was a priest and a skilled craftsman. His interest in mathematics must have purely for ritualistic practices like construction of altars for sacrifices and mundane needs of a craftsman. In the Sulbasutra of which he was the earliest contributor, we find geometric solutions to linear equations of a single unknowns and approximate values of √2 correct to five decimal places. Though there are several values of π mentioned in Baudhayana's Sulbasutra, the nearest is 900/289 = 3.114

Manava

(750 BC - about 690 BC)

Manava Sulbasutra was not only brought out much later than Baudhayana’s Sulbasutra, but is also a minor one. His work contains approximate constructions of circles from rectangles, and squares from circles. In Manava’s works he was able to calculate the value of π = 25/8 = 3.125.

Apastamba

(600 BC - about 540 BC)

Like Budhayana and Apastamba, is a shadowy figure of antiquity about whose personal life nothing much is known. In his version of Sulvasutra, there are six chapters and he was able to solve the The general linear equation 1 + 1/3 + 1/(34) - 1/(3434). In his work he also tries to dividing a segment into 7 equal parts and attempted the problem of problem of squaring the circle.

Panini

(520 BC - about 460 BC)

Panini was born in Shalatula a town on the banks of the river Indus which is now in modern Pakistan. He was a Sanskrit grammarian whose major contributions were in the field of phonetics, phonology, and morphology. Much of the algebraic nature of Indian mathematics arose as a consequence of the structure of the Sanskrit language. Mathematics in fact was an outcome of linguistic developments in India and Panini laid down the formal rules and definitions of Sanskrit grammar which gave it its linguistic perfection.

Panini's major work is a treatise called Astadhyayi (or Astaka ) . Panini was a forerunner of the modern formal language theory used to specify computer languages. Though The Backus Normal Form was discovered independently by John Backus in 1959, Panini’s notation is equivalent in its power to that of Backus and has many similar properties.

More by this Author

  • EVOLUTION OF INDIAN HINDU TEMPLE ARCHITECTURE
    16

    EVOLUTION OF INDIAN TEMPLE ARCHITECTURE Indian temples have been a source of attraction, not only as a place of worship for the devout, but also as an architectural marvel for the curious tourist. Indian temples with...

  • ANCIENT INDIAN MATHEMATICS
    11

    ANCIENT INDIAN MATHEMATICS Hindu mathematicians were basically number theorists, and their mathematics an appendage to Astronomy. This was because of the need to advice on the right time to sow seeds in farms or for...

  • INDIAN ADMINISTRATION IN VEDIC PERIOD
    0

    INDIAN ADMINISTRATION IN VEDIC PERIOD Aryan tribes were patriarchal in nature with the tribal chief as the leader. Owing to the constant need for protection, tribes elected the most capable as their chief....


Comments 48 comments

ram_m profile image

ram_m 4 years ago from India Author

thank you Shmck


Shmchk 4 years ago

Good work.


ram_m profile image

ram_m 4 years ago from India Author

thank you ajay for your quotes and comments.


ajay 4 years ago

you missed many points baudhayana was the first to find pythagoras theorem in 800 bce long before pythagoras in 500 bce.

we owe a lot to the indians who taught us how to count without which no wothwhile scientific discovery could have been made --- albert einstein

i am convinced that everything has come down to us from the banks of the Ganges, - astronomy, astrology, metempsychosis, etc. It is very important to note that some 2,500 years ago at the least Pythagoras went from Samos to the Ganges to learn geometry...But he would certainly not have undertaken such a strange journey had the reputation of the Brahmins' science not been long established in Europe.” -- voltaire

baudhayana's proof is very simple and easy that even a 6th satnadard student can also understand easily while the proof of pythagoras is toooooo complicated and big.

indians are not great but the greatest


ram_m profile image

ram_m 4 years ago from India Author

Thank you Mountain Blossom I feel honored by your gracious comment


Mountain Blossoms profile image

Mountain Blossoms 4 years ago from SE Thailand

I'm not a mathematician but your writing makes me want to find out a lot more. Most excellent! thank you. MB


ram_m profile image

ram_m 4 years ago from India Author

thank you shakti pratap singh


ram_m profile image

ram_m 4 years ago from India Author

thank you suchisikta paul


ram_m profile image

ram_m 4 years ago from India Author

thank you rafsil


shakti pratap singh 4 years ago

one day we will regain our lost glory and break the dominance of westerners.again the world will follow us and we will regain our status of "vishwa guru".for this every youth of our nation must recall our grand heritage and be determined for this.when these westerners can sing about their false glory then why not we about our true and time immemorial grand heritage.


suchisikta paul 4 years ago

very very good and interesting


rafsil 4 years ago

thank uuuuuuuuu


ram_m profile image

ram_m 4 years ago from India Author

Thank you ajay.I fully concurr with your suggestion that we should regain our lost glory.The potential is there, all that is needed is the determination to regain it.


ajay 4 years ago

well this webpage tells the importance and achievements of indian mathematics this must be followed once again and india must regain it's lost prosperity


ram_m profile image

ram_m 4 years ago from India Author

thank you Shashank


shashank nandeshwar 4 years ago

it was very good and fantastics.


ram_m profile image

ram_m 4 years ago from India Author

thank you abhay your comments are very correct


abhaydagade@gmail.com 4 years ago

everybody should study jain mathematics witch is full knowledge of detail & astonishing full knowledge of mathematics, useful even today.


ram_m profile image

ram_m 5 years ago from India Author

thank you poojamanjunath


poojamanjunath9@gmail.com 5 years ago

thakyou it made me to complete my maths project..


ram_m profile image

ram_m 5 years ago from India Author

thank you sweety class--IX


sweety class--IX 5 years ago

GOOD VERY GOOD


ram_m profile image

ram_m 6 years ago from India Author

thank you HEPSIBAH JEBAROSE


ram_m profile image

ram_m 6 years ago from India Author

Thank you tindu


ram_m profile image

ram_m 6 years ago from India Author

Thank you Sameera Sheikh


ram_m profile image

ram_m 6 years ago from India Author

Thank you charu


ram_m profile image

ram_m 6 years ago from India Author

thank you subhakant tripathy


HEPSIBAH JEBAROSE VIII-std 6 years ago

VERY GOOD . ITS EXCELLENT.


tindu 6 years ago

its vvvvvvv useful


sameera_sheikh 6 years ago

very very good


charu 6 years ago

it's excellent very useful!


ram_m profile image

ram_m 6 years ago from India Author

Thanks Shubham


shubham 6 years ago

IT'svery fantastic excellent WORK.


ram_m profile image

ram_m 6 years ago from India Author

Thanks tarun


tarun 6 years ago

very good....


ram_m profile image

ram_m 7 years ago from India Author

thanks abhilash


abhilash 7 years ago

contains all info. and thanks


ram_m profile image

ram_m 7 years ago from India Author

thanks harshini


harshini 7 years ago

thanks for helping my maths priject :-)


ram_m profile image

ram_m 7 years ago from India Author

Thanks Piya


Piya 7 years ago

Very Good


guest 7 years ago

thanx


ram_m profile image

ram_m 7 years ago from India Author

Thanks hampak


hampak profile image

hampak 7 years ago from worldwide

nice good work


ram_m profile image

ram_m 7 years ago from India Author

thanks abi


abi 7 years ago

thks a lotz....


ram_m profile image

ram_m 8 years ago from India Author

Thank you


RGraf profile image

RGraf 8 years ago from Wisconsin

Very informative.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working