AQA AS Sociology The Welfare State Changes

1940s-Beveridge Report

  • It created the idea of the five ‘Giant Evils’ in society: squalor, ignorance, want, idleness and disease. This provoked the Labour Party to take action, thus creating the welfare state, based on this report. In 1943, free medical treatment was available for everyone, due to the establishment of the NHS. The 1944 Education Act was also created, increasing the age of school leavers to 16. The primary, secondary and higher education system was established.
  • In 1945 the Family Allowance Act was passed. It allowed weekly payment for all children after the first born.
  • The 1948 National Assistance Act provided support for those unable to help themselves
  • Finally, the 1948 Children's Act helped with child protection and attempted to focus on the nurturing and development of each child's character and abilities



1979-Conservative Party Introduced (Margaret Thatcher)

  • The conservative party created a new consultant act, which said that it is “Patients first”. Also, they passed a Nurses, Midwifes and Health Visitor Act. The Royal Commission on the NHS allowed the NHS authenticities.
  • Also, child Benefits replaced child tax allowances.
  • They increased the number of retirement pensions and SS benefits and helped pay for fuel for those on supplementary benefits and family income support.
  • The first even proposal for the introduction of the private health insurance was made, as well as a ‘widows of servesman proposal’ and an increase in National Insurance contributions.



1997-New Labour

  • It changed the Education Act by introducing the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA).
  • Also there were several reports into higher education: Dearing and Kennedy.
  • In 1997, numerous changes were made, such as: National Traineeships introduced, awards introduced to the Education Act., the Green Paper Excellence for all children, to produce a five-year plan and the
  • White Paper Excellence in schools proposal to increase school standards (School Standards and Framework Act)



2010-present Conservative/Lib Dem Coalition

  • They want to end child poverty in the UK by 2020.
  • They also are proposing to reform the administration of tax credits to reduce fraud and overpayments.
  • They are going to provide free nursery care for pre-school children.
  • They are going to make sure that the under 25 Job seeker’s Allowance claimants are referred to the programme after a maximum of six months.
  • Also, they wish to cut the cost of NHS administration by a third and transfer resources to support doctors and nurses on the front line.
  • They are also hoping to strengthen the power of GPs as patients’ expert guides through the health system by enabling them to commission care on their behalf, meaning less involvement from others.



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