Advent and early settlements of the Aryans

Aryans, or Vedic civilization were a new start in Indian culture

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he rig veda Tthe first book of the Vedas 1200 bce speaks of death

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The Military of Ancient India

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The cultural history of the Vedic Aryan

European because that word is used for themselves by the composers of Vedic hymns. It is now accepted that the Aryans most probably belonged to more than one race. Those groups of Aryans which came to India were given the name `Indo Aryan'.

Though historians have held different views regarding the original home of the Aryans, it is generally agreed that they came from Central Asia about 1500 BC. The Aryans did not occupy the whole of northern India in one sweep. It was a slow and lengthy process. All that can be said with certainty is that the entire Vedic literature had been completed by about 550 BC. The period of the composition of the Vedic literature is called the Vedic period. The vedic literature itself is divided into Early (1200 – 1000 BC) and Later (1000 – 550 BC.). The cultural history of the Vedic Aryan is accordingly divided into early and later Vedic Periods.

The first settlement occurred between 1500 BC to BC in the Sapta Sindhu region of seven rivers – the Indus, the Ravi, the Beas, the Chenab, the Jehlum, da Sutlej and the dead river of Saraswati. The Aryans called this region Brahmavarta which means `the most sacred land'. During this period Rigveda was composed and compiled. From Sapt Sindhu, the Aryans pushed forward along the courses of rivers Ganga and Yamuna. Thus the second phase of Arya settlement in India began from 1000 BC onward. Slowly and slowly they occupied the whole of northern India from the himalayas to the Vindhyas. This area was named as Aryavarta which means `land of the Aryans'. The Vedic literature was composed during this period.

There is a general agreement that the Vedic literature was composed by the Indo – Aryans and that it is the earliest literature composed by Indo – Europeans anywhere. It is also agreed that the vedic literature was composed entirely in India and that it reflect the social, political, economic and religious ideas and practice of those Aryans who were settled in India. The Vedic literature is, thus, the most important sources for the study of the culture of the Vedic Aryans. Archaeological evidence throws additional light on the aspects of the culture of the different Aryan communities which were gradually spreading to different regions of northern and later to southern India as well.

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